What does primary and secondary groups mean?

Definitions for primary and secondary groups
pri·mary and sec·ondary groups

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word primary and secondary groups.


  1. Primary and secondary groups

    The distinction between primary and secondary groups serves to identify between two orders of social organization through analysis of the group relationships and their nature. A primary group is typically a small social group whose members share close, personal, enduring relationships. These groups are marked by members' concern for one another, in shared activities and culture. Examples include family, childhood friends, and highly influential social groups. The concept of the primary group was introduced by Charles Cooley, a sociologist from the Chicago School of sociology, in his book Social Organization: A Study of the Larger Mind. Although the group initially referred to the first intimate group of a person's childhood, the classification was later extended to include other intimate relations. Primary groups play an important role in the development of personal identity. A primary group is a group in which one exchanges implicit items, such as love, caring, concern, animosity, support, etc. Examples, of these would be family groups, love relationships, crisis support groups, church groups, etc. Relationships formed in primary groups are often long-lasting and goals in themselves. They also are often psychologically comforting to the individuals involved and provide a source of support. People in a secondary group interact on a less personal level than in a primary group. Since secondary groups are established to perform functions, people’s roles are more interchangeable. Secondary groups are groups in which one exchanges explicit commodities, such as labour for wages, services for payments, etc. Examples of these would be employment, vendor-to-client relationships, etc.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of primary and secondary groups in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of primary and secondary groups in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4


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"primary and secondary groups." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 26 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/primary+and+secondary+groups>.

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    an exhilarating psychological state of pride and optimism; an absence of depression
    A concoction
    B anil
    C sweep
    D elation

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