What does penurious mean?

Definitions for penurious
pəˈnʊər i əs, -ˈnyʊər-penu·ri·ous

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word penurious.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. hard up, impecunious, in straitened circumstances(p), penniless, penurious, pinchedadjective

    not having enough money to pay for necessities

  2. parsimonious, penuriousadjective

    excessively unwilling to spend

    "parsimonious thrift relieved by few generous impulses"; "lived in a most penurious manner--denying himself every indulgence"


  1. penuriousadjective

    Miserly; excessively cheap.

    The old man died a penurious wretch; eighty-thousand dollars in the mattress and as many holes in the roof.

  2. penuriousadjective

    Not bountiful; thin; scant.

    The penurious stew would have been more accurately labelled broth.

  3. penuriousadjective

    Impoverished; wanting for money.

    The poor penurious horde, naught in the cooking pot and naught in the belly.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Penuriousadjective

    Etymology: from penuria, Latin.

    What more can our penurious reason grant
    To the large whale or castled elephant, Matthew Prior.

    Some penurious spring by chance appear’d
    Scanty of water. Addison.


  1. penurious

    Poverty is a state or condition in which a person lacks the financial resources and essentials for a certain standard of living. Poverty can have diverse social, economic, and political causes and effects. When evaluating poverty in statistics or economics there are two main measures: absolute poverty compares income against the amount needed to meet basic personal needs, such as food, clothing, and shelter; relative poverty measures when a person cannot meet a minimum level of living standards, compared to others in the same time and place. The definition of relative poverty varies from one country to another, or from one society to another.Statistically, as of 2019, most of the world's population live in poverty: in PPP dollars, 85% of people live on less than $30 per day, two-thirds live on less than $10 per day, and 10% live on less than $1.90 per day now changed to 2.15$/day.(extreme poverty). According to the World Bank Group in 2020, more than 40% of the poor live in conflict-affected countries. Even when countries experience economic development, the poorest citizens of middle-income countries frequently do not gain an adequate share of their countries' increased wealth to leave poverty. Governments and non-governmental organizations have experimented with a number of different policies and programs for poverty alleviation, such as electrification in rural areas or housing first policies in urban areas. The international policy frameworks for poverty alleviation, established by the United Nations in 2015, are summarized in Sustainable Development Goal 1: "No Poverty". Social forces, such as gender, disability, race and ethnicity, can exacerbate issues of poverty—with women, children and minorities frequently bearing unequal burdens of poverty. Moreover, impoverished individuals are more vulnerable to the effects of other social issues, such as the environmental effects of industry or the impacts of climate change or other natural disasters or extreme weather events. Poverty can also make other social problems worse; economic pressures on impoverished communities frequently play a part in deforestation, biodiversity loss and ethnic conflict. For this reason, the UN's Sustainable Development Goals and other international policy programs, such as the international recovery from COVID-19, emphasize the connection of poverty alleviation with other societal goals.


  1. penurious

    Penurious generally refers to extreme unwillingness to spend money or use resources or in other words, extreme poverty or destitution.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Penuriousadjective

    excessively sparing in the use of money; sordid; stingy; miserly

  2. Penuriousadjective

    not bountiful or liberal; scanty

  3. Penuriousadjective

    destitute of money; suffering extreme want

Editors Contribution

  1. penurious

    非常に貧しい、貧乏な、どけちな in Japanese.

    Submitted by anonymous on July 24, 2019  

How to pronounce penurious?

How to say penurious in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of penurious in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of penurious in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

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"penurious." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 14 Jul 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/penurious>.

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    declare untrue; contradict
    A conform
    B deny
    C doom
    D interrupt

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