What does experiment mean?

Definitions for experiment
ɪkˈspɛr ə mənt; -ˌmɛntex·per·i·ment

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word experiment.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. experiment, experimentationnoun

    the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation

  2. experiment, experimentationnoun

    the testing of an idea

    "it was an experiment in living"; "not all experimentation is done in laboratories"

  3. experimentverb

    a venture at something new or different

    "as an experiment he decided to grow a beard"

  4. experimentverb

    to conduct a test or investigation

    "We are experimenting with the new drug in order to fight this disease"

  5. experiment, try outverb

    try something new, as in order to gain experience

    "Students experiment sexually"; "The composer experimented with a new style"


  1. experimentnoun

    A test under controlled conditions made to either demonstrate a known truth, examine the validity of a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy of something previously untried.

  2. experimentnoun

    Experience, practical familiarity with something.

  3. experimentverb

    To conduct an experiment.

  4. experimentverb

    To experience; to feel; to perceive; to detect.

  5. experimentverb

    To test or ascertain by experiment; to try out; to make an experiment on.

  6. Etymology: From experiment (French: expérience), from experimentum.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary


    Trial of any thing; something done in order to discover an uncertain or unknown effect.

    Etymology: experimentum, Latin.

    That which sheweth them to be wise, is the gathering of principles out of their own particular experiments; and the framing of our particular experiments, according to the rule of their principles, shall make us such as they are. Richard Hooker, b. v.

    It is good also not to try experiments in states, except the necessity be urgent, or the utility evident. Francis Bacon.

    Adam! by sad experiment I know,
    How little weight with thee my words can find,
    Found so erroneous. John Milton, Paradise Lost, b. x.

    ’Till his fall it was ignorant of nothing but of sin; or, at least, it rested in the notion without the smart of the experiment. Robert South, Sermons.

    When we are searching out the nature or properties of any being by various methods of trial, this sort of observation is called experiment. Isaac Watts, Improvement of the Mind.

  2. To Experimentverb

    To try; to search out by trial.

    Etymology: from the noun.

    Francisco Redi experimented that no putrified flesh will of itself, if all insects be carefully kept from it, produce any. John Ray.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Experimentnoun

    atrial or special observation, made to confirm or disprove something doubtful; esp., one under conditions determined by the experimenter; an act or operation undertaken in order to discover some unknown principle or effect, or to test, establish, or illustrate some suggest or known truth; practical test; poof

  2. Experimentnoun


  3. Experimentverb

    to make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power

  4. Experimentverb

    to try; to know, perceive, or prove, by trial experience

  5. Etymology: [L. experimentum, fr. experiri to try: cf. OF. esperiment, experiment. See Experience.]


  1. Experiment

    An experiment is an orderly procedure carried out with the goal of verifying, falsifying, or establishing the validity of a hypothesis. Experiments provide insight into cause-and-effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated. Experiments vary greatly in their goal and scale, but always rely on repeatable procedure and logical analysis of the results. A child may carry out basic experiments to understand the nature of gravity, while teams of scientists may take years of systematic investigation to advance the understanding of a phenomenon. Experiments can vary from personal and informal, to highly controlled. Uses of experiments vary considerably between the natural and social sciences.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Experiment

    eks-per′i-ment, n. a trial: something done to prove some theory, or to discover something unknown.—v.i. to make an experiment or trial: to search by trial.—adj. Experiment′al, founded or known by experiment: taught by experience: tentative.—v.i. Experiment′alise.—ns. Experiment′alist, Exper′imentist, one who makes experiments.—adv. Experiment′ally.—n. Experimentā′tion.—adj. Experiment′ative. [L. experimentum, from experīri, to try thoroughly.]

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British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'experiment' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3556

  2. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'experiment' in Nouns Frequency: #823

How to pronounce experiment?

How to say experiment in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of experiment in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of experiment in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of experiment in a Sentence

  1. George Washington:

    The preservation of the sacred fire of liberty, and the destiny of the republican model of government, are justly considered deeply, perhaps as finally, staked on the experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people.

  2. Andrew Hare:

    I think Netflix continues to be in experimental mode, it can't afford not to experiment right now.

  3. Malcolm Turnbull:

    As we deal with these threats and the people that seek to turn children into terrorists, we have to be as agile as they are. We have to be prepared to experiment and try new approaches.

  4. Chong Hon Yew:

    You can do the same experiment tomorrow, before or after eclipse – it's easy to do it, but it's a fun trick to do (during an eclipse) to get young kids interested in science and astronomy.

  5. Van Dyke:

    I sometimes forget that we’re doing a great experiment here — 46 years difference, and we work at it to some extent. There’s got to be some understanding, find out what old habits don’t work anymore. It takes some adjusting and fitting in but that’s part of the fun of it.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for experiment

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • تجربةArabic
  • експеримент, опит, експериментирамBulgarian
  • experimentovat, experiment, pokusCzech
  • Versuch, experimentieren, ExperimentGerman
  • πειραματίζομαι, πείραμαGreek
  • eksperimento, eksperimentiEsperanto
  • experimento, experimentarSpanish
  • kokeillaFinnish
  • expérience, expérimenterFrench
  • tástáilIrish
  • ניסויHebrew
  • 実験, 実験するJapanese
  • ექსპერიმენტიGeorgian
  • periculumLatin
  • експеримент, опит, експериментираMacedonian
  • uji kaji, eksperimenMalay
  • proef, experimenteren, experimentDutch
  • eksperymentować, eksperyment, przeprowadzać doświadczenie, doświadczeniePolish
  • эксперимент, экспериментировать, опытRussian
  • experimentera, experimentSwedish
  • ప్రయోగముTelugu
  • tecrübeTurkish

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