What does experiment mean?

Definitions for experiment
ɪkˈspɛr ə mənt; -ˌmɛntex·per·i·ment

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word experiment.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. experiment, experimentationnoun

    the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation

  2. experiment, experimentationnoun

    the testing of an idea

    "it was an experiment in living"; "not all experimentation is done in laboratories"

  3. experimentverb

    a venture at something new or different

    "as an experiment he decided to grow a beard"

  4. experimentverb

    to conduct a test or investigation

    "We are experimenting with the new drug in order to fight this disease"

  5. experiment, try outverb

    try something new, as in order to gain experience

    "Students experiment sexually"; "The composer experimented with a new style"

Wiktionary

  1. experimentnoun

    A test under controlled conditions made to either demonstrate a known truth, examine the validity of a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy of something previously untried.

  2. experimentnoun

    Experience, practical familiarity with something.

  3. experimentverb

    To conduct an experiment.

  4. experimentverb

    To experience; to feel; to perceive; to detect.

  5. experimentverb

    To test or ascertain by experiment; to try out; to make an experiment on.

  6. Etymology: From experiment (French: expérience), from experimentum.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. EXPERIMENTnoun

    Trial of any thing; something done in order to discover an uncertain or unknown effect.

    Etymology: experimentum, Latin.

    That which sheweth them to be wise, is the gathering of principles out of their own particular experiments; and the framing of our particular experiments, according to the rule of their principles, shall make us such as they are. Richard Hooker, b. v.

    It is good also not to try experiments in states, except the necessity be urgent, or the utility evident. Francis Bacon.

    Adam! by sad experiment I know,
    How little weight with thee my words can find,
    Found so erroneous. John Milton, Paradise Lost, b. x.

    ’Till his fall it was ignorant of nothing but of sin; or, at least, it rested in the notion without the smart of the experiment. Robert South, Sermons.

    When we are searching out the nature or properties of any being by various methods of trial, this sort of observation is called experiment. Isaac Watts, Improvement of the Mind.

  2. To Experimentverb

    To try; to search out by trial.

    Etymology: from the noun.

    Francisco Redi experimented that no putrified flesh will of itself, if all insects be carefully kept from it, produce any. John Ray.

Wikipedia

  1. Experiment

    An experiment is a procedure carried out to support or refute a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy or likelihood of something previously untried. Experiments provide insight into cause-and-effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated. Experiments vary greatly in goal and scale but always rely on repeatable procedure and logical analysis of the results. There also exist natural experimental studies. A child may carry out basic experiments to understand how things fall to the ground, while teams of scientists may take years of systematic investigation to advance their understanding of a phenomenon. Experiments and other types of hands-on activities are very important to student learning in the science classroom. Experiments can raise test scores and help a student become more engaged and interested in the material they are learning, especially when used over time. Experiments can vary from personal and informal natural comparisons (e.g. tasting a range of chocolates to find a favorite), to highly controlled (e.g. tests requiring complex apparatus overseen by many scientists that hope to discover information about subatomic particles). Uses of experiments vary considerably between the natural and human sciences. Experiments typically include controls, which are designed to minimize the effects of variables other than the single independent variable. This increases the reliability of the results, often through a comparison between control measurements and the other measurements. Scientific controls are a part of the scientific method. Ideally, all variables in an experiment are controlled (accounted for by the control measurements) and none are uncontrolled. In such an experiment, if all controls work as expected, it is possible to conclude that the experiment works as intended, and that results are due to the effect of the tested variables.

ChatGPT

  1. experiment

    An experiment is a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact. It often involves observing, measuring, and recording data under controlled conditions to study the cause and effect relationships between variables.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Experimentnoun

    atrial or special observation, made to confirm or disprove something doubtful; esp., one under conditions determined by the experimenter; an act or operation undertaken in order to discover some unknown principle or effect, or to test, establish, or illustrate some suggest or known truth; practical test; poof

  2. Experimentnoun

    experience

  3. Experimentverb

    to make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power

  4. Experimentverb

    to try; to know, perceive, or prove, by trial experience

  5. Etymology: [L. experimentum, fr. experiri to try: cf. OF. esperiment, experiment. See Experience.]

Wikidata

  1. Experiment

    An experiment is an orderly procedure carried out with the goal of verifying, falsifying, or establishing the validity of a hypothesis. Experiments provide insight into cause-and-effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated. Experiments vary greatly in their goal and scale, but always rely on repeatable procedure and logical analysis of the results. A child may carry out basic experiments to understand the nature of gravity, while teams of scientists may take years of systematic investigation to advance the understanding of a phenomenon. Experiments can vary from personal and informal, to highly controlled. Uses of experiments vary considerably between the natural and social sciences.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Experiment

    eks-per′i-ment, n. a trial: something done to prove some theory, or to discover something unknown.—v.i. to make an experiment or trial: to search by trial.—adj. Experiment′al, founded or known by experiment: taught by experience: tentative.—v.i. Experiment′alise.—ns. Experiment′alist, Exper′imentist, one who makes experiments.—adv. Experiment′ally.—n. Experimentā′tion.—adj. Experiment′ative. [L. experimentum, from experīri, to try thoroughly.]

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'experiment' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3556

  2. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'experiment' in Nouns Frequency: #823

How to pronounce experiment?

How to say experiment in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of experiment in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of experiment in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of experiment in a Sentence

  1. Elena Haikova:

    It is not certain that they will be able to join the ranks of service dogs, but even if they don’t the experiment will be interesting for everyone. We will try out the breed in search operations.

  2. Billie Weiss/Boston Red Sox/Getty Images:

    I think that it’s important to experiment with things like that in order to give the game a little different look. I never thought that a baseball team wearing different jerseys in a game was a particularly appealing look for us. I understand that people can have different views on that topic, but it is part of a larger program designed to market the game in a nontraditional way.

  3. Deborah Fuller:

    The important thing in this massive experiment where we're dropping all masking and restrictions is we have to stay diligent in terms of monitoring of it and testing and be prepared to possibly reverse a lot of the relaxing of these restrictions, we can't let our guard down, because the message that people get when they say' we're lifting restrictions' is the pandemic is over. And it's not.

  4. James Anthony Froude:

    Science rests on reason and experiment, and can meet an opponent with calmness; but a belief is always sensitive.

  5. Tom Giblin:

    When were studying the early universe, what were really doing is a particle experiment at very, very high temperatures, the transition from the cold inflationary period to the hot period is one that should hold some key evidence as to what particles really exist at these extremely high energies.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

experiment#1#4622#10000

Translations for experiment

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • تجربةArabic
  • експеримент, опит, експериментирамBulgarian
  • experimentovat, experiment, pokusCzech
  • Versuch, experimentieren, ExperimentGerman
  • πειραματίζομαι, πείραμαGreek
  • eksperimento, eksperimentiEsperanto
  • experimento, experimentarSpanish
  • kokeillaFinnish
  • expérience, expérimenterFrench
  • tástáilIrish
  • ניסויHebrew
  • 実験, 実験するJapanese
  • ექსპერიმენტიGeorgian
  • periculumLatin
  • експеримент, опит, експериментираMacedonian
  • uji kaji, eksperimenMalay
  • proef, experimenteren, experimentDutch
  • eksperymentować, eksperyment, przeprowadzać doświadczenie, doświadczeniePolish
  • эксперимент, экспериментировать, опытRussian
  • experimentera, experimentSwedish
  • ప్రయోగముTelugu
  • tecrübeTurkish

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"experiment." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 28 Feb. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/experiment>.

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