What does confounded mean?

Definitions for confounded
kɒnˈfaʊn dɪd, kən-con·found·ed

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word confounded.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. baffled, befuddled, bemused, bewildered, confounded, confused, lost, mazed, mixed-up, at seaadjective

    perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment

    "obviously bemused by his questions"; "bewildered and confused"; "a cloudy and confounded philosopher"; "just a mixed-up kid"; "she felt lost on the first day of school"


  1. confoundedadjective

    Confused; thwarted.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Confoundedparticip. adj.

    Hateful; detestable; enormous; odious: a low cant word.

    Etymology: from confound.

    A most confounded reason for his brutish conception. Nehemiah Grew.

    Sir, I have heard another story,
    He was a most confounded Tory;
    And grew, or he is much bely’d,
    Extremely dull before he dy’d. Jonathan Swift.


  1. confounded

    In statistics, a confounder (also confounding variable, confounding factor, extraneous determinant or lurking variable) is a variable that influences both the dependent variable and independent variable, causing a spurious association. Confounding is a causal concept, and as such, cannot be described in terms of correlations or associations. The existence of confounders is an important quantitative explanation why correlation does not imply causation. Confounds are threats to internal validity.


  1. confounded

    Confounded generally refers to a feeling of confusion, bewilderment, or frustration. In the context of statistics, it describes a situation when the effect or measurement of a variable is distorted or mixed up with the influence of another variable. It can also mean to jumble or mix up things.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Confounded

    of Confound

  2. Confoundedadjective

    confused; perplexed

  3. Confoundedadjective

    excessive; extreme; abominable

How to pronounce confounded?

How to say confounded in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of confounded in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of confounded in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of confounded in a Sentence

  1. Willis Re Cavanagh:

    The January renewals have unfortunately confounded the hopes of commentators that the market was reaching a pricing floor.

  2. Gunter Kuhnle:

    The results of this study are not surprising : children who consume a lot of' ultra-processed' foods are most likely to be less healthy and more obese than their peers with lower intake. The interpretation of these results are however much more difficult, the outcome of the study is heavily confounded by socio-economic factors : children living in more deprived areas and from families with lower educational attainment and lower socio-economic status had the highest intake of ultra-processed foods. Unfortunately, these children are also at highest risk of obesity and poor health, as there are still considerable health-inequalities in the UK and socio-economic status is an important determinant of health.

  3. Aristotle:

    A great city is not to be confounded with a populous one.

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"confounded." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 29 Feb. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/confounded>.

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    equally skillful with each hand
    • A. equivalent
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