What does astringent mean?

Definitions for astringent
əˈstrɪn dʒəntas·trin·gent

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word astringent.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. astringent, astringent drug, stypticadjective

    a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals

  2. acerb, acerbic, astringentadjective

    sour or bitter in taste

  3. astringentadjective

    tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue

    "astringent cosmetic lotions"


  1. astringentnoun

    A substance which draws tissue together, thus restricting the flow of blood.

  2. astringentadjective

    Sharp, caustic, severe.

  3. astringentadjective

    Having the effect of drawing tissue together; styptic.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Astringentadjective

    Binding; contracting; opposed to laxative.

    Etymology: astringens, Lat.

    Astringent medicines are binding, which act by the asperity of their particles, whereby they corrugate the membranes, and make them draw up closer. John Quincy.

    The juice is very astringent, and therefore of slow motion. Francis Bacon, Nat. Hist. №. 641.

    What diminisheth sensible perspiration, encreaseth the insensible; for that reason a strengthening and astringent diet often conduceth to this purpose. John Arbuthnot, on Aliments.


  1. Astringent

    An astringent (sometimes called adstringent) is a chemical that shrinks or constricts body tissues. The word derives from the Latin adstringere, which means "to bind fast". Calamine lotion, witch hazel, and yerba mansa, a Californian plant, are astringents.Astringency, the dry, puckering or numbing mouthfeel caused by the tannins in unripe fruits, lets the fruit mature by deterring eating. Ripe fruits and fruit parts including blackthorn (sloe berries), Aronia chokeberry, chokecherry, bird cherry, rhubarb, quince and persimmon fruits (especially those which are unripe), banana skins (or unripe bananas), cashew fruits and acorns are astringent. Citrus fruits, like lemons, are somewhat astringent. Tannins, being a kind of polyphenol, bind salivary proteins and make them precipitate and aggregate, producing a rough, "sandpapery", or dry sensation in the mouth. The tannins in some teas, coffee, and red grape wines like Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot produce mild astringency. Squirrels, wild boars, and insects can eat astringent food as their tongues are able to handle the taste.In Ayurveda, astringent is the sixth taste (after sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter) represented by "air and earth".Smoking tobacco is also reported to have an astringent effect.In a scientific study, the sensation of astringency was still able to be felt by subjects who had local anesthesia applied to their taste nerves, but not when both these and the trigeminal nerves were disabled.


  1. astringent

    An astringent is a substance capable of contracting or shrinking tissues, thereby reducing discharge, or tightening and firming the skin. It can be a chemical compound or a medicinal drug and is often used in cosmetics or medical applications, particularly to stop bleeding or heal minor skin damages.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Astringentadjective

    drawing together the tissues; binding; contracting; -- opposed to laxative; as, astringent medicines; a butter and astringent taste; astringent fruit

  2. Astringentadjective

    stern; austere; as, an astringent type of virtue

  3. Astringentnoun

    a medicine or other substance that produces contraction in the soft organic textures, and checks discharges of blood, mucus, etc

  4. Etymology: [L. astringens, p. pr. of astringere: cf. F. astringent. See Astringe.]


  1. Astringent

    An astringent substance is a chemical compound that tends to shrink or constrict body tissues, usually locally after topical medicinal application. The word "astringent" derives from Latin adstringere, meaning "to bind fast". Two common examples are calamine lotion and witch hazel. Astringency is also the dry, puckering mouthfeel caused by tannins found in many fruits such as blackthorn, chokecherry, bird cherry, quince and persimmon fruits, and banana skins. The tannins bind the salivary proteins, causing them to precipitate or aggregate and lead to a rough "sandpapery" or dry sensation in the mouth. Tannins are found in some red wines and teas. A small amount of astringency is expected in some wines, especially young red wines made from grapes such as cabernet sauvignon and merlot.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Astringent

    as-trin′jent, adj. binding: contracting: strengthening.—n. a medicine that causes costiveness.—v.t. Astringe′, to bind together: to draw tight: hence to render constipated.—n. Astrin′gency.—adv. Astrin′gently. [L. astringent-em, astringĕread, to, stringĕre, to bind.]

Anagrams for astringent »

  1. integrants

  2. transigent

How to pronounce astringent?

How to say astringent in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of astringent in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of astringent in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

Examples of astringent in a Sentence

  1. Gianluca Foa:

    The Acqua di Rose is still one of our best-selling products; of course it's now used as an astringent toner and perfume rather than a disinfectant.

  2. Raymond Casciari:

    It has astringent properties and kills the bacteria on your skin, it also shrinks down the blood vessels around the acne.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for astringent

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for astringent »


Find a translation for the astringent definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:


Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:


"astringent." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 24 Jul 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/astringent>.

Discuss these astringent definitions with the community:


    Are we missing a good definition for astringent? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Image or illustration of


    Credit »

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Browse Definitions.net


    Are you a words master?

    restoring confidence and relieving anxiety
    A sought
    B busy
    C disjointed
    D reassuring

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for astringent: