What does astringency mean?

Definitions for astringency

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word astringency.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. astringency, astringencenoun

    a sharp astringent taste; the taste experience when a substance causes the mouth to pucker

  2. astringency, stypsisnoun

    the ability to contract or draw together soft body tissues to check blood flow or restrict secretion of fluids


  1. astringencynoun

    An astringent taste.

  2. astringencynoun

    That which acts as an astringent, causing contraction of soft tissue to restrict the flow of blood.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Astringencynoun

    The power of contracting the parts of the body; opposed to the power of relaxation.

    Etymology: from astringe.

    Astriction prohibiteth dissolution; as, in medicines, astringents inhibit putrefaction: and, by astringency, some small quantity of oil of vitriol will keep fresh water long from putrefying. Francis Bacon, Natural History, №. 342.

    Acid, acrid, austere, and bitter substances, by their astringency, create horrour, that is, stimulate the fibres. Arbuthnot.


  1. astringency

    ‹See Tfd› An astringent (sometimes called adstringent) is a chemical that shrinks or constricts body tissues. The word derives from the Latin adstringere, which means "to bind fast". Calamine lotion, witch hazel, and yerba mansa, a Californian plant, are astringents.Astringency, the dry, puckering or numbing mouthfeel caused by the tannins in unripe fruits, lets the fruit mature by deterring eating. Ripe fruits and fruit parts including blackthorn (sloe berries), Aronia chokeberry, chokecherry, bird cherry, rhubarb, quince and persimmon fruits (especially those which are unripe), banana skins (or unripe bananas), cashew fruits and acorns are astringent. Citrus fruits, like lemons, are somewhat astringent. Tannins, being a kind of polyphenol, bind salivary proteins and make them precipitate and aggregate, producing a rough, "sandpapery", or dry sensation in the mouth. The tannins in some teas, coffee, and red grape wines like Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot produce mild astringency. Squirrels, wild boars, and insects can eat astringent food as their tongues are able to handle the taste.In Ayurveda, astringent is the sixth taste (after sweet, sour, salty, pungent, bitter) represented by "air and earth".Smoking tobacco is also reported to have an astringent effect.In a scientific study, the sensation of astringency was still able to be felt by subjects who had local anesthesia applied to their taste nerves, but not when both these and the trigeminal nerves were disabled.


  1. astringency

    Astringency is a sensory attribute characterized by a dry and puckery feeling in the mouth, often felt after the consumption of certain foods, beverages or medicinal products. It is typically caused by the presence of certain plant-based compounds like tannins that precipitate proteins in the mouth and cause the oral surface to contract.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Astringencynoun

    the quality of being astringent; the power of contracting the parts of the body; that quality in medicines or other substances which causes contraction of the organic textures; as, the astringency of tannin

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of astringency in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of astringency in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

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"astringency." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 21 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/astringency>.

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    a long narrow excavation in the earth
    A ternion
    B elan
    C ditch
    D wavering

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