What does zend mean?

Definitions for zend
zɛndzend

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word zend.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Avestan, Zendnoun

    an ancient Iranian language

Wikipedia

  1. Zend

    Zend or Zand (Middle Persian:

ChatGPT

  1. zend

    Zend is a PHP framework used for web application development. It is an open-source platform based on object-oriented programming and follows the principles of agile software development. Zend provides developers with a professional-grade development structure to build high-quality applications. It offers reusable code, superior productivity, and focuses on robustness, performance and extretable security.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Zendnoun

    properly, the translation and exposition in the Huzv/resh, or literary Pehlevi, language, of the Avesta, the Zoroastrian sacred writings; as commonly used, the language (an ancient Persian dialect) in which the Avesta is written

  2. Etymology: [See Zend-Avesta.]

Wikidata

  1. Zend

    The Zend or Zand, refers to late middle Persian language commentaries on the individual books of the Avesta within Zoroastrianism. They date from the 3rd to 10th centuries and were not intended for use as theological texts by themselves but for religious instruction of the non-Avestan-speaking public. In contrast, the texts of the Avesta proper remained sacrosanct and continued to be recited in the Avestan language, which was considered a sacred language. Manuscripts of the Avesta exist in two forms. One is the Avesta-o-Zand, in which the individual books are written together with their Zand. The other is the Vendidad Sadeh, in which the Yasna, Vispered and Vendidad are set out in alternating chapters, in the order used in the Vendidad ceremony, with no commentary at all. The use of the expression Zend-Avesta to refer to the Avesta in general is a misunderstanding of the phrase Zand-i-Avesta. A related mistake is the use of Zend as the name of a language or script. In 1759, Anquetil-Duperron reported having been told that Zend was the name of the language of the more ancient writings. In his third discourse, published in 1798, Sir William Jones mentions a conversation with a Hindu priest who told him that the script was called Zend, and the language Avesta. This mistake results from a misunderstanding of the term pazend, which actually refers to the use of the Avestan alphabet in writing the Zand and other Middle Persian religious texts, as an expression meaning "in Zend".

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Zend

    zend, n. the ancient East-Iranian and purely Aryan language, in which the Zend-Avesta was long orally preserved and at last written—closely related to the Vedic Sanskrit.—Zend-Avesta, the ancient sacred writings of the Parsees, including works of widely differing character and age, collected into their present canon under Shah-puhar II. (Shah-pur II.; 309-338 A.D.). [A word meaning 'commentary' (zend=zand, from Sans. jñâ, to know).]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Zend

    name applied, mistakenly it would seem, by the Europeans to the ancient Iranian language of Persia, or the language in which the Zend-Avesta is written, closely related to the Sanskrit of the Vedas it appears.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of zend in Chaldean Numerology is: 3

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of zend in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

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"zend." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 14 Jul 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/zend>.

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