What does witness mean?

Definitions for witness
ˈwɪt nɪswit·ness

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word witness.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. witness, witnesser, informantnoun

    someone who sees an event and reports what happened

  2. spectator, witness, viewer, watcher, lookernoun

    a close observer; someone who looks at something (such as an exhibition of some kind)

    "the spectators applauded the performance"; "television viewers"; "sky watchers discovered a new star"

  3. witnessnoun

    testimony by word or deed to your religious faith

  4. witness, attestant, attestor, attestatornoun

    (law) a person who attests to the genuineness of a document or signature by adding their own signature

  5. witnessverb

    (law) a person who testifies under oath in a court of law

  6. witnessverb

    be a witness to

    "She witnessed the accident and had to testify in court"

  7. witness, find, seeverb

    perceive or be contemporaneous with

    "We found Republicans winning the offices"; "You'll see a lot of cheating in this school"; "The 1960's saw the rebellion of the younger generation against established traditions"; "I want to see results"

Wiktionary

  1. witnessnoun

    Attestation of a fact or event; the quality of witting something.

    She can bear witness, since she was there at the time.

    Etymology: From witnesse, from witnes, equivalent to . Cognate with wetenisse, gewiznessi.

  2. witnessnoun

    One who has a personal knowledge of something.

    As a witness to the event, I can tell you that he really said that.

    Etymology: From witnesse, from witnes, equivalent to . Cognate with wetenisse, gewiznessi.

  3. witnessnoun

    Someone called to give evidence in a court.

    The witness for the prosecution did not seem very credible.

    Etymology: From witnesse, from witnes, equivalent to . Cognate with wetenisse, gewiznessi.

  4. witnessnoun

    Something that serves as evidence; a sign.

    Etymology: From witnesse, from witnes, equivalent to . Cognate with wetenisse, gewiznessi.

  5. witnessverb

    To furnish proof of, to show.

    This certificate witnesses his presence on that day.

    Etymology: From witnesse, from witnes, equivalent to . Cognate with wetenisse, gewiznessi.

  6. witnessverb

    To take as evidence.

    Etymology: From witnesse, from witnes, equivalent to . Cognate with wetenisse, gewiznessi.

  7. witnessverb

    To see, note, or gain knowledge of.

    He witnessed the accident.

    Etymology: From witnesse, from witnes, equivalent to . Cognate with wetenisse, gewiznessi.

  8. witnessverb

    To present personal religious testimony; to preach at (someone) or on behalf of.

    "I don't really want to be actively harrassed (I mean witnessed to) (...)"uE000152870uE001

    Etymology: From witnesse, from witnes, equivalent to . Cognate with wetenisse, gewiznessi.

Wikipedia

  1. Witness

    A witness is someone who has knowledge about a matter. In law a witness is someone who, either voluntarily or under compulsion, provides testimonial evidence, either oral or written, of what he or she knows or claims to know. A percipient witness (or eyewitness) is one with knowledge obtained through his or her own senses (e.g., visual perception, hearing, smell, touch). That perception might be either with the unaided human sense or with the aid of an instrument, such as microscope or stethoscope. A hearsay witness is one who testifies about what someone else said or wrote. In most court proceedings there are many limitations on when hearsay evidence is admissible. Such limitations do not apply to grand jury investigations, many administrative proceedings, and may not apply to declarations used in support of an arrest or search warrant. Also some types of statements are not deemed to be hearsay and are not subject to such limitations. An expert witness is one who allegedly has specialized knowledge relevant to the matter of interest, which knowledge purportedly helps to either make sense of other evidence, including other testimony, documentary evidence or physical evidence (e.g., a fingerprint). An expert witness may or may not also be a percipient witness, as in a doctor or may or may not have treated the victim of an accident or crime. A reputation witness is one who testifies about the reputation of a person or business entity, when reputation is material to the dispute at issue. They are a person who aids that because of a persons interactions and personality the defendant is guilty/innocent In law a witness might be compelled to provide testimony in court, before a grand jury, before an administrative tribunal, before a deposition officer, or in a variety of other legal proceedings. A subpoena is a legal document that commands a person to appear at a proceeding. It is used to compel the testimony of a witness in a trial. Usually, it can be issued by a judge or by the lawyer representing the plaintiff or the defendant in a civil trial or by the prosecutor or the defense attorney in a criminal proceeding, or by a government agency. In many jurisdictions, it is compulsory to comply and with the subpoena and either take an oath or solemely affirm to testify truthfully under penalty of perjury. Although informally a witness includes whoever perceived the event, in law, a witness is different from an informant. A confidential informant is someone who claimed to have witnessed an event or have hearsay information, but whose identity is being withheld from at least one party (typically the criminal defendant). The information from the confidential informant may have been used by a police officer or other official acting as a hearsay witness to obtain a search warrant.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Witnessverb

    attestation of a fact or an event; testimony

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

  2. Witnessverb

    that which furnishes evidence or proof

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

  3. Witnessverb

    one who is cognizant; a person who beholds, or otherwise has personal knowledge of, anything; as, an eyewitness; an earwitness

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

  4. Witnessverb

    one who testifies in a cause, or gives evidence before a judicial tribunal; as, the witness in court agreed in all essential facts

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

  5. Witnessverb

    one who sees the execution of an instrument, and subscribes it for the purpose of confirming its authenticity by his testimony; one who witnesses a will, a deed, a marriage, or the like

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

  6. Witnessverb

    to see or know by personal presence; to have direct cognizance of

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

  7. Witnessverb

    to give testimony to; to testify to; to attest

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

  8. Witnessverb

    to see the execution of, as an instrument, and subscribe it for the purpose of establishing its authenticity; as, to witness a bond or a deed

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

  9. Witnessverb

    to bear testimony; to give evidence; to testify

    Etymology: [AS. witness, gewitnes, from witan to know. 133. See Wit, v. i.]

Freebase

  1. Witness

    A witness is someone who has, who claims to have, or is thought, by someone with authority to compel testimony, to have knowledge relevant to an event or other matter of interest. In law a witness is someone who, either voluntarily or under compulsion, provides testimonial evidence, either oral or written, of what he or she knows or claims to know about the matter before some official authorized to take such testimony. A percipient witness or eyewitness is one who testifies what they perceived through his or her senses. That perception might be either with the unaided human sense or with the aid of an instrument, e.g., microscope or stethoscope, or by other scientific means, e.g.,a chemical reagent which changes color in the presence of a particular substance. A hearsay witness is one who testifies what someone else said or wrote. In most court proceedings there are many limitations on when hearsay evidence is admissible. Such limitations do not apply to grand jury investigations, many administrative proceedings, and may not apply to declarations used in support of an arrest or search warrant. Also some types of statements are not deemed to be hearsay and are not subject to such limitations.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Witness

    wit′nes, n. knowledge brought in proof: testimony of a fact: that which furnishes proof: one who sees or has personal knowledge of a thing: one who attests.—v.t. to have direct knowledge of: to see: to give testimony to: to show: (Shak.) to foretell.—v.i. to give evidence.—ns. Wit′ness-box, the enclosure in which a witness stands when giving evidence in a court of law; Wit′nesser.—With a witness (Shak.), to a great degree. [A.S. witnes, testimony—witan, to know.]

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. witness

    One who testifies in a cause, or gives evidence before a judicial tribunal; one who gives testimony. Every judge-advocate of a court-martial or court of inquiry has power to issue the like process, to compel witnesses to appear and testify, which courts of criminal jurisdiction within the State, Territory, or District where such military courts are ordered to sit may lawfully issue. For oath administered to witnesses, depositions, etc., see Appendix, Articles of War, 91, 92, and 118.

Suggested Resources

  1. witness

    Song lyrics by witness -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by witness on the Lyrics.com website.

British National Corpus

  1. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'witness' in Written Corpus Frequency: #4365

  2. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'witness' in Nouns Frequency: #1287

  3. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'witness' in Verbs Frequency: #701

How to pronounce witness?

  1. Alex
    US English
    Daniel
    British
    Karen
    Australian
    Veena
    Indian

How to say witness in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of witness in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of witness in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

Examples of witness in a Sentence

  1. John Cornyn:

    I think she's going to be a good witness and I think we will be prepared for that and be prepared to refute any unjustified criticism.

  2. Mike DeWine:

    The charges Manley faces are not uncommon when a witness destroys such a device used in a government investigation.

  3. Adam Schiff:

    The President's allies in Congress are trying to make it even more difficult for these witnesses to cooperate but we're grateful that the witness is a real professional and has come forward, notwithstanding the obstacles.

  4. Charles Haddon Spurgeon:

    Never, for fear of feeble man, restrain your witness.

  5. Cicero:

    History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time it illumines reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life and brings us tidings of antiquity.

Images & Illustrations of witness

  1. witnesswitnesswitnesswitnesswitness

Popularity rank by frequency of use

witness#1#5193#10000

Translations for witness

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • شاهدArabic
  • шаһитBashkir
  • prova, testimoni, evidència, atestat, veure, provar, testimoniatge, contemplar, testificarCatalan, Valencian
  • svědek, svědectvíCzech
  • vidneDanish
  • Zeuge, Zeugin, bezeugenGerman
  • ɖasedila, ɖaseɖiɖiEwe
  • μάρτυραςGreek
  • atestantoEsperanto
  • testigo, testimonio, testificar, prueba, probarSpanish
  • شاهدPersian
  • todistaja, todistaa, todistus, todiste, osoittaaFinnish
  • preuve, témoignage, témoigner, témoinFrench
  • fianaiseIrish
  • neach-fianais, fianaisScottish Gaelic
  • गवाहHindi
  • tanú, tanúság, fültanú, szemtanú, tanúsít, tanúságtételHungarian
  • հաստատել, ականատես, վկա, վկայություն, վկայելArmenian
  • saksiIndonesian
  • testimonianza, testimoniare, essere testimoneItalian
  • 目撃者, 証人, 証Japanese
  • 証人, 증인, 목격자, 目擊者Korean
  • mataaraMāori
  • getuige, getuigenisDutch
  • vitneNorwegian
  • świadectwo, świadekPolish
  • testemunho, provar, testemunha, testemunhar, prova, presenciarPortuguese
  • martorRomanian
  • понятой, свидетельство, подтвердить, очевидец, свидетель, подтверждать, свидетельница, свидетельстоватьRussian
  • svjedòčiti, svjèdok, svjedòkinja, svjedočánstvoSerbo-Croatian
  • svedkomSlovak
  • vittnesmål, vittne, vittna om, bevittnaSwedish
  • shahidiSwahili
  • సాక్షిTelugu
  • گواہUrdu

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