a coating that provides a hard, lustrous, transparent finish to a surface
cover with varnish
A type of paint with a solvent that evaporates to leave a hard, transparent, glossy film.
Anything resembling such a paint.
By extension: A deceptively showy appearance.
To apply varnish.
To cover up with varnish.
To gloss over a defect.
Origin: vernis, from origin.
a viscid liquid, consisting of a solution of resinous matter in an oil or a volatile liquid, laid on work with a brush, or otherwise. When applied the varnish soon dries, either by evaporation or chemical action, and the resinous part forms thus a smooth, hard surface, with a beautiful gloss, capable of resisting, to a greater or less degree, the influences of air and moisture
that which resembles varnish, either naturally or artificially; a glossy appearance
an artificial covering to give a fair appearance to any act or conduct; outside show; gloss
to lay varnish on; to cover with a liquid which produces, when dry, a hard, glossy surface; as, to varnish a table; to varnish a painting
to cover or conceal with something that gives a fair appearance; to give a fair coloring to by words; to gloss over; to palliate; as, to varnish guilt
Origin: [OE. vernish, F. vernis, LL. vernicium; akin to F. vernir to varnish, fr. (assumed) LL. vitrinire to glaze, from LL. vitrinus glassy, fr. L. vitrum glass. See Vitreous.]
Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film primarily used in wood finishing but also for other materials. Varnish is traditionally a combination of a drying oil, a resin, and a thinner or solvent. Varnish finishes are usually glossy but may be designed to produce satin or semi-gloss sheens by the addition of "flatting" agents. Varnish has little or no colour, is transparent, and has no added pigment, as opposed to paints or wood stains, which contain pigment and generally range from opaque to translucent. Varnishes are also applied over wood stains as a final step to achieve a film for gloss and protection. Some products are marketed as a combined stain and varnish. After being applied, the film-forming substances in varnishes either harden directly, as soon as the solvent has fully evaporated, or harden after evaporation of the solvent through certain curing processes, primarily chemical reaction between oils and oxygen from the air and chemical reactions between components of the varnish. Resin varnishes "dry" by evaporation of the solvent and harden almost immediately upon drying. Acrylic and waterborne varnishes "dry" upon evaporation of the water but experience an extended curing period. Oil, polyurethane, and epoxy varnishes remain liquid even after evaporation of the solvent but quickly begin to cure, undergoing successive stages from liquid or syrupy, to tacky or sticky, to dry gummy, to "dry to the touch", to hard. Environmental factors such as heat and humidity play a very large role in the drying and curing times of varnishes. In classic varnish the cure rate depends on the type of oil used and, to some extent, on the ratio of oil to resin. The drying and curing time of all varnishes may be sped up by exposure to an energy source such as sunlight, ultraviolet light, or heat. Many varnishes rely on organic oils or resins for their binder in combination with organic solvents; these are highly flammable in their liquid state. In addition, all drying oils, certain alkyds, and many single-component polyurethanes produce heat during the curing process. Therefore, oil-soaked rags and paper can smolder and ignite hours after use if they are bunched or piled together, or, for example, placed in a container where the heat cannot dissipate.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
vär′nish, v.t. to cover with a liquid so as to give a glossy surface to: to give a fair appearance to.—n. a sticky liquid which dries and forms a hard, lustrous coating: a glossy, lustrous appearance: any gloss or palliation.—ns. Var′nisher; Var′nishing; Var′nishing-day, a day before the opening of a picture exhibition when exhibitors may varnish or retouch their pictures after they have been hung; Var′nish-tree, a name given to trees of several distinct natural orders, the resinous juice of which is used for varnishing or for lacquering. [Fr. vernis—Low L. vitrinus, glassy—L. vitrum, glass.]
The Standard Electrical Dictionary
A glossy transparent coating of the nature of paint, applied as a protective, or ornamental coating to objects.
The numerical value of varnish in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of varnish in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
Examples of varnish in a Sentence
I am very much aware, almost painfully aware, about what you call my credibility, that my varnish is scratched. And no one is more sorry about it than myself.
The fingerprints were left by craftsmen who made a mistake and touched it before the varnish dried, the discovery was made in 2005, but has not been publicized so far.
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Translations for varnish
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- lak, fernisDanish
- Firnis, Lack, lackieren, firnissenGerman
- lacar, barnizar, barnizSpanish
- vernissa, lakka, lakata, pintakiiltoFinnish
- vernis, vernirFrench
- lossanagh, varnishManx
- lakk, fényez, kence, politúroz, máz, fénymáz, takargat, lakkoz, politúr, szépítgetHungarian
- ワニス, 塗る, ニスJapanese
- lakier, lakierowaćPolish
- verniz, envernizarPortuguese
- лак, покрывать лаком, прикрашивать, лакироватьRussian
- lack, lackaSwedish
- vernik, verniklemekTurkish
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