What does trial mean?

Definitions for trial
ˈtraɪ əl, traɪltri·al

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word trial.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. test, trial, runnoun

    the act of testing something

    "in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately"; "he called each flip of the coin a new trial"

  2. trial, trial run, test, tryoutnoun

    trying something to find out about it

    "a sample for ten days free trial"; "a trial of progesterone failed to relieve the pain"

  3. test, trialnoun

    the act of undergoing testing

    "he survived the great test of battle"; "candidates must compete in a trial of skill"

  4. trialnoun

    (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law

    "he had a fair trial and the jury found him guilty"; "most of these complaints are settled before they go to trial"

  5. trialnoun

    (sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualifications

    "the trials for the semifinals began yesterday"

  6. trial, tribulation, visitationnoun

    an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event

    "his mother-in-law's visits were a great trial for him"; "life is full of tribulations"; "a visitation of the plague"

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Trialnoun

    Etymology: from try.

    With trial fire touch me his finger end;
    If he be chaste the flame will back descend,
    And turn him to no pain; but if he start,
    It is the flesh of a corrupted heart. William Shakespeare.

    I leave him to your gracious acceptance,
    Whose trial shall better publish his commendation. William Shakespeare.

    Skilful gardeners make trial of the seeds by putting them into water gently boiled; and if good, they will sprout within half an hour. Francis Bacon, Nat. Hist. №. 520.

    Others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings. Heb.

    Trial is used in law for the examination of all causes, civil or criminal, according to the laws of our realm: the trial is the issue, which is tried upon the inditement, not the inditement itself. John Cowell.

    He hath resisted law,
    And therefore law shall scorn him further trial
    Than the severity of publick power. William Shakespeare, Coriolanus.

    Lest our trial, when least sought,
    May find us both perhaps far less prepar’d,
    The willinger I go. John Milton, Par. Lost, b. ix.

    No such company as then thou saw’st
    Intended thee; for trial only brought,
    To see how thou could’st judge of fit and meet. John Milton.

    Every station is exposed to some trials, either temptations that provoke our appetites, or disquiet our fears. John Rogers.

    Good shepherd, tell this youth what ’tis to love?
    ———— It is to be all made of sighs and tears;
    It is to be made all of faith and service,
    All humbleness, all patience and impatience;
    All purity, all trial, all observance. William Shakespeare, As you like it.


  1. Trial

    In law, a trial is a coming together of parties to a dispute, to present information (in the form of evidence) in a tribunal, a formal setting with the authority to adjudicate claims or disputes. One form of tribunal is a court. The tribunal, which may occur before a judge, jury, or other designated trier of fact, aims to achieve a resolution to their dispute.


  1. trial

    A trial is a process of testing or examining something or someone to determine its quality, performance, reliability, validity, or effectiveness. It is mainly used in legal contexts to refer to a formal examination of evidence by a judge and often a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings. In scientific research, a trial refers to a test done in order to study something, often involving people or animals.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Trialnoun

    the act of trying or testing in any manner

  2. Trialnoun

    any effort or exertion of strength for the purpose of ascertaining what can be done or effected

  3. Trialnoun

    the act of testing by experience; proof; test

  4. Trialnoun

    examination by a test; experiment, as in chemistry, metallurgy, etc

  5. Trialnoun

    the state of being tried or tempted; exposure to suffering that tests strength, patience, faith, or the like; affliction or temptation that exercises and proves the graces or virtues of men

  6. Trialnoun

    that which tries or afflicts; that which harasses; that which tries the character or principles; that which tempts to evil; as, his child's conduct was a sore trial

  7. Trialnoun

    the formal examination of the matter in issue in a cause before a competent tribunal; the mode of determining a question of fact in a court of law; the examination, in legal form, of the facts in issue in a cause pending before a competent tribunal, for the purpose of determining such issue


  1. Trial

    In law, a trial is a coming together of parties to a dispute, to present information in a tribunal, a formal setting with the authority to adjudicate claims or disputes. One form of tribunal is a court. The tribunal, which may occur before a judge, jury, or other designated trier of fact, aims to achieve a resolution to their dispute.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Trial

    trī′al, n. a trying: the act of trying: examination by a test: the state of being tried: suffering: temptation: judicial examination: attempt: a piece of ware used to test the heat of a kiln.—ns. Trī′al-day (Shak.), day of trial; Trī′al-fire (Shak.), a fire for trying or proving; Trī′al-trip, an experimental trip of a new vessel, to test her sailing-powers, &c.—On trial, on probation, as an experiment.

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. trial

    The formal examination of the matter in issue in a cause before a competent tribunal; the mode of determining a question of fact in a court of law; the examination, in legal form, of the facts in issue in a cause pending before a competent tribunal, for the purpose of determining such issue. Military trials shall be carried on only between the hours of eight in the morning and three in the afternoon, except in cases which, in the opinion of the officer ordering the court, require immediate example (Art. 94). No officer, non-commissioned officer, or soldier shall be tried a second time for the same offense (Art. 102); and no person shall be liable to be tried and punished by a general court-martial for any offense which shall appear to have been committed more than two years before the issuing of the order for such trial, unless the person, by reason of having absented himself, or some other manifest impediment, shall not have been amenable to justice within that period (Art. 103). All trials before courts-martial, like those in civil courts, are conducted publicly; and in order that this publicity may in no case be attended with tumult or indecorum of any kind, the court is authorized, by the Rules and Articles of War, to punish, at its discretion, all riotous and disorderly proceedings or menacing words, signs, or gestures, used in its presence (Art. 86). The day and place of meeting of a general court-martial having been published in orders, the officers appointed as members, and parties and witnesses, must attend accordingly. The judge-advocate, at the opening, calls over the names of the members, who arrange themselves on the right or left of the president, according to rank. The members of the court having taken their seats and disposed of any preliminary matter, the prisoner, prosecutor, and witnesses are called into court. The prisoner is attended by a guard, or by an officer, as his rank or the nature of the charge may dictate; but during the trial should be unfettered and free from any bonds or shackles, unless there be danger of escape or rescue. Accommodation is usually afforded at detached tables for the prosecutor and prisoner; also for any friend or legal adviser of the prisoner or prosecutor, whose assistance has been desired during the trial; but the prisoner only can address the court, it being an admitted maxim, that counsel are not to interfere in the proceedings, or to offer the slightest remark, much less to plead or argue. The judge-advocate, by direction of the president, first reads, in an audible voice, the order for holding the court. He then calls over the names of the members, commencing with the president, who is always the highest in rank. He then demands of the prisoner whether he has any exception or cause of challenge against any of the members present, and if he have, he is required to state his cause of challenge, confining his challenge to one member at a time (Art. 88). After hearing the prisoner’s objections, the president must order the court to be cleared, when the members will deliberate on and determine the relevancy or validity of the objection; the member challenged retiring during the discussion. When the prisoner and prosecutor decline to challenge any of the members, or where the causes of challenge have been disallowed, the judge-advocate proceeds to administer to the members of the court the oath prescribed by the 84th Article of War. The oath is taken by each member holding up his right hand and repeating the words after the judge-advocate. After the oath has been administered to all the members, the president administers to the judge-advocate the particular oath of secrecy to be observed by him, as prescribed by the 85th Article of War. No sentence of a general court-martial is complete or final until it has been duly approved. Until that period it is, strictly speaking, no more than an opinion, which is subject to alteration or revisal. In this interval, the communication of that opinion could answer no ends of justice, but might, in many cases, tend to frustrate them. The obligation to perpetual secrecy, with regard to the votes or opinions of the particular members of the court, is likewise founded on the wisest policy. The officers who compose a military tribunal are, in a great degree, dependent for their preferment on the President. They are even, in some measure, under the influence of their commander-in-chief,—considerations which might impair justice. This danger is, therefore, best obviated by the confidence and security which every member possesses, that his particular opinion is never to be divulged. Another reason is, that the individual members of the court may not be exposed to the resentment of parties and their connections, which can hardly fail to be excited by these sentences which courts-martial are obliged to award. It may be necessary for officers, in the course of their duty, daily, to associate and frequently to be sent on the same c

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    Song lyrics by trial -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by trial on the Lyrics.com website.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. TRIAL

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Trial is ranked #70403 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Trial surname appeared 278 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Trial.

    92.4% or 257 total occurrences were White.
    4.3% or 12 total occurrences were Black.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'trial' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #1603

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'trial' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2366

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'trial' in Nouns Frequency: #556

Anagrams for trial »

  1. litra

  2. trail

How to pronounce trial?

How to say trial in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of trial in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of trial in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of trial in a Sentence

  1. Thomas Peters:

    You can argue that financial incentives might not be effective, but we argue we ought to do a trial to study this matter in a real time fashion.

  2. Fox Nation:

    Now, listen, unless it's got crime scene tape around it, I'm not concerned, but it's just striking to me that when her daughter, two-year-old Caylee, was found wrapped in a blanket with duct tape all around her mouth and nose on her skull, which was by then skeletonized, wrapped in a blanket and in a trash bag -- a few houses down from the Anthony home in a swampy area behind a school, Tot mom Casey Anthony insisted at trial that her daughter had actually drowned.

  3. Joey Jackson:

    If he proceeds to trial, now the dirty laundry is aired.

  4. President James Thrasher:

    Although we regret we will never be able to tell our full story in court, it is apparent that a trial many months from now would have left FSU fighting over the past rather than looking toward its very bright future.

  5. Richard Shipley:

    We thank this hard-working jury for their service to the public, their quest for justice, their personal sacrifice of their time and effort. We are not at all upset with them, neither should the public be upset. They did the best that they could, we are hopeful that( Baltimore State's Attorney Marilyn) Mosby will retry William Porter as soon as possible, and that Attorney Marilyn next jury will reach a verdict. Once again, we ask the public to remain calm and patient, because we are confident there will be another trial with a different jury. We are calm ; you should be calm, too.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for trial

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • مُحاكَمة, التجربةArabic
  • изпробване, съд, неприятности, изпитание, опит, проба, процес, бремеBulgarian
  • trojí, zkouška, přelíčení, zkušebníCzech
  • Trialis, Versuch, Prüfung, Kummer, Prozeß, Probe, Verhör, Belästigung, SorgeGerman
  • δοκιμαστικός, δοκιμή, δίκη, πειραματικός, δοκιμασία, τριπλός, εκδίκασηGreek
  • proceso, tribulación, trial, prueba, ensayo, experimento, juicioSpanish
  • محاکمهPersian
  • koe, oikeudenkäynti, koetus, koettelemusFinnish
  • procès, épreuve, essai, trielFrench
  • tástáilIrish
  • dearbhadhScottish Gaelic
  • ניסיון, משפטHebrew
  • baj, megpróbáltatás, próba, tárgyalás, nehézség, kellemetlenségHungarian
  • դատArmenian
  • triplo, prova, test, processo, tribolazioneItalian
  • 試験, 試し, 試練, 裁判, 公判, 三数Japanese
  • ವಿಚಾರಣೆKannada
  • 시도Korean
  • trialis, periculum, experimentumLatin
  • rechtzaak, proces, trialis, proef, test, beproeving, bezoekingDutch
  • prøveNorwegian
  • test, rozprawa, próbaPolish
  • ensaio, prova, julgamento, provação, experiência, processoPortuguese
  • опыт, проба, разбирательство, испытание, неприятность, судRussian
  • gjyqAlbanian
  • tillfällig, prov-, tretal, test, provisorisk, test-, trialis, rättegång, prövningSwedish
  • விசாரணைTamil
  • tecrübe, duruşma, deneyTurkish
  • пробнийUkrainian
  • thử nghiệmVietnamese
  • 審訊Chinese

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    a diacritical mark (-) placed above a vowel to indicate a long sound
    A preponderance
    B macron
    C auspices
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