What does temper mean?

Definitions for temper
ˈtɛm pərtem·per

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word temper.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. pique, temper, irritation(noun)

    a sudden outburst of anger

    "his temper sparked like damp firewood"

  2. temper, mood, humor, humour(noun)

    a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling

    "whether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time"; "he was in a bad humor"

  3. temper, biliousness, irritability, peevishness, pettishness, snappishness, surliness(noun)

    a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger

    "his temper was well known to all his employees"

  4. temper, toughness(verb)

    the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking

  5. anneal, temper, normalize(verb)

    bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling

    "temper glass"

  6. temper, harden(verb)

    harden by reheating and cooling in oil

    "temper steel"

  7. temper(verb)

    adjust the pitch (of pianos)

  8. temper, season, mollify(verb)

    make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate

    "she tempered her criticism"

  9. chasten, moderate, temper(verb)



  1. temper(Noun)

    A tendency to be of a certain type of mood.

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  2. temper(Noun)

    State of mind.

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  3. temper(Noun)

    The heat treatment to which a metal or other material has been subjected; a material that has undergone a particular heat treatment.

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  4. temper(Verb)

    To moderate or control.

    Temper your language around children.

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  5. temper(Verb)

    To heat-treat a material, especially metal or chocolate.

    Next, temper Tempering is a heat treatment technique applied to metals, alloys, and glass to achieve greater toughness by increasing the strength of materials and/or ductility. Tempering is performed by a controlled reheating of the work piece to a temperature below its lower eutectic critical temperature..

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  6. temper(Verb)

    To mix clay, plaster or mortar with water to obtain the proper consistency

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Temper(verb)

    to mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage; to soothe; to calm

  2. Temper(verb)

    to fit together; to adjust; to accomodate

  3. Temper(verb)

    to bring to a proper degree of hardness; as, to temper iron or steel

  4. Temper(verb)

    to govern; to manage

  5. Temper(verb)

    to moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as clay for making brick, loam for molding, etc

  6. Temper(verb)

    to adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use

  7. Temper(noun)

    the state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar

  8. Temper(noun)

    constitution of body; temperament; in old writers, the mixture or relative proportion of the four humors, blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy

  9. Temper(noun)

    disposition of mind; the constitution of the mind, particularly with regard to the passions and affections; as, a calm temper; a hasty temper; a fretful temper

  10. Temper(noun)

    calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as, to keep one's temper

  11. Temper(noun)

    heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger; -- in a reproachful sense

  12. Temper(noun)

    the state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling; as, the temper of iron or steel

  13. Temper(noun)

    middle state or course; mean; medium

  14. Temper(noun)

    milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar

  15. Temper(verb)

    to accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity

  16. Temper(verb)

    to have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Temper

    tem′pėr, v.t. to mix in due proportion: to modify by blending or mixture: to moderate: to soften: to bring to a proper degree of hardness and elasticity, as steel: to amend or adjust, as a false or imperfect concord.—n. due mixture or balance or different or contrary qualities: state of a metal as to hardness, &c.: constitution of the body: constitutional frame or state of mind, esp. with regard to feelings, disposition, temperament, mood: passion, irritation: calmness or moderation: in sugar-works lime or other substance used to neutralise the acidity of cane-juice.—adjs. Tem′perable, capable of being tempered; Tem′pered, having a certain specified disposition or temper: brought to a certain temper, as steel: (mus.) tuned or adjusted to some mean, or to equal, temperament.—adv. Tem′peredly.—ns. Tem′perer; Tem′pering, the process of giving the required degree of hardness or softness to iron or steel, by heating to redness and cooling in different ways. [L. temperāre, to combine properly, allied to tempus, time.]

The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz


    A quality, the loss of which is likely to make a knife blade dull and a woman's tongue sharp.

British National Corpus

  1. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'temper' in Nouns Frequency: #2487

How to pronounce temper?

  1. Alex
    US English

How to say temper in sign language?

  1. temper


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of temper in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of temper in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Examples of temper in a Sentence

  1. Anthony Trollope:

    Marvelous is the power which can be exercised, almost unconsciously, over a company, or an individual, or even upon a crowd by one person gifted with good temper, good digestion, good intellects, and good looks.

  2. Ileana Garcia:

    I will not allow this temper tantrum to distract from the important work ahead.

  3. Robert Menendez:

    However, we will continue to carry out our duties as laid out in the Constitution, including providing advice and consent on nominees, asking tough questions on policy decisions, as well as actions taken at State Department, high level temper tantrums will not stop House Oversight Committee from conducting our oversight responsibilities.

  4. Bill Clinton:

    I have a lot of experience dealing with men who sometimes get off the reservation in the way they behave and how they speak. I'm not going to deal with their temper tantrums or their bullying or their efforts to try to provoke me. He can say whatever he wants to say about me. I could really care less.

  5. Debi Mazar:

    For me as an actress I have to learn dialogue. So I would be dropping lines, getting irritable; I have a temper, i go to bed and I start thinking and I just can’t turn it off. I wake up and I think I want to check my phone but I know not to do that.

Images & Illustrations of temper

  1. tempertempertempertempertemper

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for temper

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • مزاجArabic
  • humor, trempCatalan, Valencian
  • sind, temperament, gemyt, naturDanish
  • Laune, mäßigen, Temperament, Anlassen, Gereiztheit, AusheizenGerman
  • templar, temperamento, templeSpanish
  • خویPersian
  • luonteenlaatu, mielenlaatu, lämpökäsitellä, päästäminen, hillitä, tuuli, lieventää, päästää, mieliala, luonne, mielentilaFinnish
  • recuit, caractère, recuire, état d'esprit, tempérament, humeurFrench
  • מֶזֶגHebrew
  • gemoed, karakter, matigen, uithardenDutch
  • usposobieniePolish
  • reveni, fire, temperament, regula, dispoziție, caracter, căli, revenire, tempera, amesteca, modera, stareRomanian
  • хара́ктер, темпера́мент, закаля́ть, закали́ть, умеря́ть, уме́рить, настрое́ние, настро́й, нравRussian
  • ћуд, prekalitiSerbo-Croatian
  • dämpa, härda, mildraSwedish
  • inhliziyoZulu

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    a disposition that is confused or nervous and upset
    • A. knead
    • B. fluster
    • C. abet
    • D. descant

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