What does temper mean?

Definitions for temper
ˈtɛm pərtem·per

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word temper.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. pique, temper, irritationnoun

    a sudden outburst of anger

    "his temper sparked like damp firewood"

  2. temper, mood, humor, humournoun

    a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling

    "whether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time"; "he was in a bad humor"

  3. temper, biliousness, irritability, peevishness, pettishness, snappishness, surlinessnoun

    a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger

    "his temper was well known to all his employees"

  4. temper, toughnessverb

    the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking

  5. anneal, temper, normalizeverb

    bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling

    "temper glass"

  6. temper, hardenverb

    harden by reheating and cooling in oil

    "temper steel"

  7. temperverb

    adjust the pitch (of pianos)

  8. temper, season, mollifyverb

    make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate

    "she tempered her criticism"

  9. chasten, moderate, temperverb



  1. tempernoun

    A tendency to be of a certain type of mood.

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  2. tempernoun

    State of mind.

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  3. tempernoun

    The heat treatment to which a metal or other material has been subjected; a material that has undergone a particular heat treatment.

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  4. temperverb

    To moderate or control.

    Temper your language around children.

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  5. temperverb

    To heat-treat a material, especially metal or chocolate.

    Next, temper Tempering is a heat treatment technique applied to metals, alloys, and glass to achieve greater toughness by increasing the strength of materials and/or ductility. Tempering is performed by a controlled reheating of the work piece to a temperature below its lower eutectic critical temperature..

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

  6. temperverb

    To mix clay, plaster or mortar with water to obtain the proper consistency

    Etymology: From temperen, from *, from temperare, from tempus; see temporal.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Temperverb

    to mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage; to soothe; to calm

  2. Temperverb

    to fit together; to adjust; to accomodate

  3. Temperverb

    to bring to a proper degree of hardness; as, to temper iron or steel

  4. Temperverb

    to govern; to manage

  5. Temperverb

    to moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as clay for making brick, loam for molding, etc

  6. Temperverb

    to adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use

  7. Tempernoun

    the state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar

  8. Tempernoun

    constitution of body; temperament; in old writers, the mixture or relative proportion of the four humors, blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy

  9. Tempernoun

    disposition of mind; the constitution of the mind, particularly with regard to the passions and affections; as, a calm temper; a hasty temper; a fretful temper

  10. Tempernoun

    calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as, to keep one's temper

  11. Tempernoun

    heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger; -- in a reproachful sense

  12. Tempernoun

    the state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling; as, the temper of iron or steel

  13. Tempernoun

    middle state or course; mean; medium

  14. Tempernoun

    milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar

  15. Temperverb

    to accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity

  16. Temperverb

    to have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Temper

    tem′pėr, v.t. to mix in due proportion: to modify by blending or mixture: to moderate: to soften: to bring to a proper degree of hardness and elasticity, as steel: to amend or adjust, as a false or imperfect concord.—n. due mixture or balance or different or contrary qualities: state of a metal as to hardness, &c.: constitution of the body: constitutional frame or state of mind, esp. with regard to feelings, disposition, temperament, mood: passion, irritation: calmness or moderation: in sugar-works lime or other substance used to neutralise the acidity of cane-juice.—adjs. Tem′perable, capable of being tempered; Tem′pered, having a certain specified disposition or temper: brought to a certain temper, as steel: (mus.) tuned or adjusted to some mean, or to equal, temperament.—adv. Tem′peredly.—ns. Tem′perer; Tem′pering, the process of giving the required degree of hardness or softness to iron or steel, by heating to redness and cooling in different ways. [L. temperāre, to combine properly, allied to tempus, time.]

The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz


    A quality, the loss of which is likely to make a knife blade dull and a woman's tongue sharp.

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'temper' in Nouns Frequency: #2487

How to pronounce temper?

How to say temper in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of temper in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of temper in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Examples of temper in a Sentence

  1. R. W. Dale:

    We ask God to forgive us for our evil thoughts and evil temper, but rarely, if ever ask Him to forgive us for our sadness.

  2. Chuck Schumer:

    He was unafraid to take on his party, he could put the temper in temperament, He was a brave and honest man.

  3. Rand Paul:

    I will have to get better at holding my tongue and holding my temper.

  4. William Hazlitt:

    Good temper is an estate for life.

  5. Bennie Thompson:

    If House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy becomes more engaged in meaningful dialogue, I think the speaker would more than readily accommodate him, but you can't throw these temper tantrums and expect people to work with you.

Images & Illustrations of temper

  1. tempertempertempertempertemper

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for temper

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • مزاجArabic
  • humor, trempCatalan, Valencian
  • sind, temperament, gemyt, naturDanish
  • Laune, mäßigen, Temperament, Anlassen, Gereiztheit, AusheizenGerman
  • templar, temperamento, templeSpanish
  • خویPersian
  • luonteenlaatu, mielenlaatu, lämpökäsitellä, päästäminen, hillitä, tuuli, lieventää, päästää, mieliala, luonne, mielentilaFinnish
  • recuit, caractère, recuire, état d'esprit, tempérament, humeurFrench
  • מֶזֶגHebrew
  • gemoed, karakter, matigen, uithardenDutch
  • usposobieniePolish
  • reveni, fire, temperament, regula, dispoziție, caracter, căli, revenire, tempera, amesteca, modera, stareRomanian
  • хара́ктер, темпера́мент, закаля́ть, закали́ть, умеря́ть, уме́рить, настрое́ние, настро́й, нравRussian
  • ћуд, prekalitiSerbo-Croatian
  • dämpa, härda, mildraSwedish
  • inhliziyoZulu

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    a custom among some peoples whereby the husband of a pregnant wife is put to bed at the time of bearing the child
    • A. meerschaum
    • B. couvade
    • C. larceny
    • D. congius

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