What does tarnish mean?

Definitions for tarnish
ˈtɑr nɪʃtar·nish

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word tarnish.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. tarnishverb

    discoloration of metal surface caused by oxidation

  2. tarnish, stain, maculate, sully, defileverb

    make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically

    "The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air"; "Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man"

Wiktionary

  1. tarnishnoun

    Oxidation or discoloration, especially of a decorative metal exposed to air.

  2. tarnishverb

    To oxidize or discolor due to oxidation.

  3. tarnishverb

    To soil, sully, damage or compromise

  4. Etymology: From ternir, stem of ternir, from ternir, of origin, from Old, from darnijanan, from dher(ǝ)-. Cognate with, tarnen (Modern German tarnen), dyrnan, diernan. More at dern, darn.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. To Tarnishverb

    To sully; to soil; to make not bright.

    Etymology: ternir, French.

    Let him pray for resolution, that he may discover nothing that may discredit the cause, tarnish the glory, and weaken the example of the suffering. Collier.

    Low waves the rooted forest, vex’d, and sheds
    What of its tarnish’d honours yet remain. James Thomson.

  2. To Tarnishverb

    Etymology: To lose brightness.

    If a fine object should tarnish by having a great many see it, or the musick should run mostly into one man’s ears, these satisfactions would be made inclosure. Jeremy Collier, of Envy.

Wikipedia

  1. Tarnish

    Tarnish is a thin layer of corrosion that forms over copper, brass, aluminum, magnesium, neodymium and other similar metals as their outermost layer undergoes a chemical reaction. Tarnish does not always result from the sole effects of oxygen in the air. For example, silver needs hydrogen sulfide to tarnish, although it may tarnish with oxygen over time. It often appears as a dull, gray or black film or coating over metal. Tarnish is a surface phenomenon that is self-limiting, unlike rust. Only the top few layers of the metal react. The layer of tarnish seals and protects the underlying layers from reacting. Tarnish actually preserves the underlying metal in outdoor use, and in this form is called patina. The formation of patina is necessary in applications such as copper roofing, and outdoor copper, bronze, and brass statues and fittings. Patina is the name given to tarnish on copper-based metals, while toning is a term for the type of tarnish which forms on coins.

ChatGPT

  1. tarnish

    Tarnish is a thin layer of corrosion or discoloration that forms on the surface of various metals, mainly sterling silver, due to oxidation or exposure to certain chemicals. It can also refer to the act of diminishing or damaging the purity, quality, or reputation of something or someone.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Tarnishadjective

    to soil, or change the appearance of, especially by an alternation induced by the air, or by dust, or the like; to diminish, dull, or destroy the luster of; to sully; as, to tarnish a metal; to tarnish gilding; to tarnish the purity of color

  2. Tarnishverb

    to lose luster; to become dull; as, gilding will tarnish in a foul air

  3. Tarnishnoun

    the quality or state of being tarnished; stain; soil; blemish

  4. Tarnishnoun

    a thin film on the surface of a metal, usually due to a slight alteration of the original color; as, the steel tarnish in columbite

Wikidata

  1. Tarnish

    Tarnish is a thin layer of corrosion that forms over copper, brass, silver, aluminum, and other similar metals as their outermost layer undergoes a chemical reaction. Tarnish does not always result from the sole effects of oxygen in the air. For example, silver needs hydrogen sulfide to tarnish; it does not tarnish with only oxygen. It often appears as a dull, gray or black film or coating over metal. Tarnish is a surface phenomenon, that is self-limiting unlike rust. Only the top few layers of the metal react, and the layer of tarnish seals and protects the underlying layers from reacting. Tarnish actually preserves the underlying metal in outdoor use and is called patina. The formation of patina is necessary in applications such as copper roofing, and outdoor copper, bronze, and brass statues and fittings. Patina is the name given to tarnish on copper based metals.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Tarnish

    tär′nish, v.t. to soil by exposure to the air, &c.: to diminish the lustre or purity of, to stain, sully.—v.i. to become dull: to lose lustre.—n. a spot, stain, change in lustre of a mineral.—n. Tar′nisher. [Fr. ternir (pr.p. ternissant); terne, dull, wan—Mid. High Ger. ternen, Old High Ger. tarnjan, to darken; A.S. dernan, to cover.]

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of tarnish in Chaldean Numerology is: 3

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of tarnish in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of tarnish in a Sentence

  1. President Erdogan:

    There is an attempt to tarnish Turkey by using press freedom when it is in fact measures taken against terrorism, i dispute this. Nowhere in Europe or in other countries is there a media that is as free as the press in Turkey.

  2. Nisarat Jongwisan:

    The penalties will impede on a person's access to safe services and also tarnish the dignity of those women.

  3. Kayla Harrison:

    There are so many things on that list that you don't even think ... you can't take Benadryl in competition, it scares the crap out of me because the last thing I want is a bad test to tarnish my chances, ruin my reputation. So for me it is never worth the risk.

  4. Hamid Babaei:

    This is a baseless and unfounded allegation fabricated to tarnish the Iranian government image, particularly aimed at hampering current nuclear talks.

  5. Joe Gamaldi:

    And when she (Beyonce) comes to Dallas, she needs to know that the anti-police message is not welcomed. We respect anyone's First Amendment rights, but we also respect our officers and any law-abiding citizens (and) we will not respect those who tarnish our profession. it is not needed until she explains her video and whether there is an anti- police address/message she is trying to bring to the public.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

tarnish#10000#51950#100000

Translations for tarnish

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • تلطخArabic
  • tummua, hapettua, hapettuma, liata, tahria, tummentumaFinnish
  • धब्बा लगानाHindi
  • порочить, пятнать, делать тусклым, тускнеть, потускнение, окислениеRussian
  • besudla, skamfila, skada, fläckaSwedish

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"tarnish." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 5 Mar. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/tarnish>.

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