What does synagogue mean?

Definitions for synagogue
ˈsɪn əˌgɒg, -ˌgɔgsyn·a·gogue

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word synagogue.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. synagogue, temple, tabernaclenoun

    (Judaism) the place of worship for a Jewish congregation


  1. synagoguenoun

    A place where Jews meet for worship.

  2. synagoguenoun

    A congregation of Jews for the purpose of worship or religious study.

  3. Etymology: synagoge, from συναγωγή, from συνάγω, from σύν + ἄγω

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. SYNAGOGUEnoun

    An assembly of the Jews to worship.

    Etymology: synagogue, French; συναγωγὴ.

    Go, Tubal, and meet me at our synagogue. William Shakespeare.

    As his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath. Gospel.


  1. Synagogue

    A synagogue, sometimes referred to by the Yiddish term shul and often used interchangeably with the word temple, is a Jewish house of worship. Synagogues have a place for prayer (the main sanctuary and sometimes smaller chapels), where Jews attend religious Services or special ceremonies (including Weddings, Bar Mitzvahs or Bat Mitzvahs, Confirmations, choir performances, or even children's plays), have rooms for study, social hall(s), administrative and charitable offices, classrooms for religious school and Hebrew school, sometimes Jewish preschools, and often have many places to sit and congregate; display commemorative, historic, or modern artwork throughout; and sometimes have items of some Jewish historical significance or history about the Synagogue itself, on display. Synagogues are consecrated spaces used for the purpose of Jewish prayer, study, assembly, and reading of the Torah (read in its entirety once a year, or in some synagogues on a triennial cycle, in weekly Torah portions during religious services). However, a Synagogue is not always necessary for Jewish worship, due to adaptations during times of Jewish persecution in countries and regions that banned Judaism, frequently destroying and/or reappropriating Synagogues into Churches or even government buildings. Halakha (Jewish "law," or Mitzvot, from the Mishnah -- the "Oral Torah") state that communal Jewish worship can be carried out wherever a minyan (a group of at least 10 Jewish adults) is assembled. Worship can also happen alone or with fewer than 10 people, but there are certain prayers that are considered by halakha as solely communal, and these can therefore be recited only by a minyan, depending on sect of Judaism. In terms of its specific ritual and liturgical functions, the Synagogue does not replace the symbol of the long-destroyed Temple in Jerusalem (1st or 2nd Temple).

Webster Dictionary

  1. Synagoguenoun

    a congregation or assembly of Jews met for the purpose of worship, or the performance of religious rites

  2. Synagoguenoun

    the building or place appropriated to the religious worship of the Jews

  3. Synagoguenoun

    the council of, probably, 120 members among the Jews, first appointed after the return from the Babylonish captivity; -- called also the Great Synagogue, and sometimes, though erroneously, the Sanhedrin

  4. Synagoguenoun

    a congregation in the early Christian church

  5. Synagoguenoun

    any assembly of men

  6. Etymology: [F., from L. synagoga, Gr. a bringing together, an assembly, a synagogue, fr. to bring together; sy`n with + to lead. See Syn-, and Agent.]


  1. Synagogue

    A synagogue, also spelled synagog is a Jewish house of prayer. When broken down, the word could also mean "learning together". Synagogues have a large hall for prayer, and can also have smaller rooms for study and sometimes a social hall and offices. Some have a separate room for Torah study, called the beit midrash "beis midrash —בית מדרש. Synagogues are consecrated spaces that can be used only for the purpose of prayer; however a synagogue is not necessary for worship. Communal Jewish worship can be carried out wherever ten Jews assemble. Worship can also be carried out alone or with fewer than ten people assembled together. However there are certain prayers that are communal prayers and therefore can be recited only by a minyan. The synagogue does not replace the long-since destroyed Temple in Jerusalem. Israelis use the Hebrew term beyt knesset. Jews of Ashkenazi descent have traditionally used the Yiddish term "shul" in everyday speech. Spanish and Portuguese Jews call the synagogue an esnoga. Persian Jews and Karaite Jews use the term Kenesa, which is derived from Aramaic, and some Arabic-speaking Jews use knis. Some Reform and Conservative Jews use the word "temple". The Greek word "Synagogue" is a good all-around term, used in English, to cover the preceding possibilities.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Synagogue

    sin′a-gog, n. an assembly of Jews for worship: a Jewish place of worship.—adjs. Syn′agogal, Synagog′ical. [Fr.,—Gr. synagōgēsyn, together, agein, to lead.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Synagogue

    a Jewish institution for worship and religious instruction which dates from the period of the Babylonian Captivity, specially to keep alive in the minds of the people a knowledge of the law. The decree ordaining it required the families of a district to meet twice every Sabbath for this purpose, and so religiously did the Jewish people observe it that it continues a characteristic ordinance of Judaism to this day. The study of the law became henceforth their one vocation, and the synagogue was instituted both to instruct them in it and to remind them of the purpose of their separate existence among the nations of the earth. High as the Temple and its service still stood in the esteem of every Jew, from the period of the Captivity it began to be felt of secondary importance to the synagogue and its service. With the erection and extension of the latter the people were being slowly trained into a truer sense of the nature of religious worship, and gradually made to feel that to know the will of God and do it was a more genuine act of homage to Him than the offering of sacrifices upon an altar or the observance of any religious rite. Under such training the issue between the Jew and the Samaritan became of less and less consequence, and he and not the Samaritan was on the pathway which led direct to the final worship of God in spirit and in truth (John iv. 22).

Matched Categories

How to pronounce synagogue?

How to say synagogue in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of synagogue in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of synagogue in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of synagogue in a Sentence

  1. Jamie Greenebaum:

    My immediate thought was,' It's a shiva at the synagogue. I have to call Jacki,' and then I took a second and realized that I couldn't.

  2. Oren Segal:

    When a synagogue is firebombed, or somebody in the community is being attacked or harassed, it is important for others in that community, no matter what their religion or ethnicity, to say ‘this does not represent us’.

  3. Oliver Malchow:

    We'd have to guard every synagogue, every church, every mosque, every holy place in Germany around the clock, so I don't know if this was a mistake or if this really couldn't have been foreseen.

  4. Mike Pence:

    I'm privileged to be joined today by a leader in the Jewish Community here in Michigan who's kind enough to join us today. I thought it might be appropriate if Rabbi Loren Jacobs would come out from Shema Yisrael Synagogue and offer a word of prayer for the fallen, for their families, and for our nation.

  5. Roz Rothstein:

    The man looked for a synagogue near the airport, had the rabbi contact another rabbi in New York that he felt could move the meter on the release of Aafia Siddiqui,there were antisemitic slurs during his rant as well as by Siddiqui during her trial. There must be no question that he targeted Jews.

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Translations for synagogue

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"synagogue." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 25 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/synagogue>.

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