What does surrender mean?

Definitions for surrender
səˈrɛn dərsur·ren·der

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word surrender.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. resignation, surrendernoun

    acceptance of despair

  2. giving up, yielding, surrendernoun

    a verbal act of admitting defeat

  3. surrendernoun

    the delivery of a principal into lawful custody

  4. capitulation, fall, surrenderverb

    the act of surrendering (usually under agreed conditions)

    "they were protected until the capitulation of the fort"

  5. surrender, give upverb

    give up or agree to forgo to the power or possession of another

    "The last Taleban fighters finally surrendered"

  6. surrender, cede, deliver, give upverb

    relinquish possession or control over

    "The squatters had to surrender the building after the police moved in"


  1. surrendernoun

    An act of surrendering, submission into the possession of another; abandonment, resignation.

  2. surrendernoun

    The yielding or delivery of a possession in response to a demand.

  3. surrendernoun

    The yielding of the leasehold estate by the lessee to the landlord, so that the tenancy for years merges in the reversion and no longer exists.

  4. surrenderverb

    To give up into the power, control, or possession of another; specifically (Military) to yield (land, a town, etc.) to an enemy.

  5. surrenderverb

    To give oneself up into the power of another, especially as a prisoner; to submit or give in to.

  6. Etymology: Anglo-Norman, representing Old French surrendre, from sur- + rendre ‘render’.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Surrender, Surrendrynoun

    Etymology: from the verb.

    Our general mother, with eyes
    Of conjugal attraction unreprov’d,
    And meek surrender, half-embracing lean’d
    On our first father. John Milton, Paradise Lost.

    Having mustered up all the forces he could, the clouds above and the deeps below, he prepares for a surrender; asserting, from a mistaken computation, that all these will not come up to near the quantity requisite. John Woodward.

    Juba’s surrender
    Would give up Africk unto Cæsar’s hands. Addison.

    If our father carry authority with such disposition as he bears, this last surrender of his will but offend us. William Shakespeare.

    That hope quickly vanished upon the undoubted intelligence of that surrender. Edward Hyde.

    As oppressed states made themselves homagers to the Romans to engage their protection, so we should have made an entire surrendry of ourselves to God, that we might have gained a title to his deliverances. Decay of Piety.

    In passing a thing away by deed of gift, are required a surrender on the giver’s part, of all the property he has in it; and to the making of a thing sacred, this surrender by its right owner is necessary. Robert South, Sermons.

  2. To SURRENDERverb

    Etymology: surrendre, old French.

    Solemn dedication of churches serve not only to make them publick, but further also to surrender up that right which otherwise their founders might have in them, and to make God himself their owner. Richard Hooker.

    Ripe age bade him surrender late,
    His life and long good fortune unto final fate. Edward Fairfax.

    He willing to surrender up the castle, forbade his soldiers to have any talk with the enemy. Richard Knolles.

  3. To Surrenderverb

    To yield; to give ones self up.

    This mighty Archimedes too surrenders now. Joseph Glanvill.


  1. Surrender

    Surrender is the fourth single from Canadian music group Billy Talent off their triple platinum selling album, Billy Talent II. The single was released on April 2, 2007. The music video for it was shot in early February by Phil Harder.


  1. surrender

    Surrender is the act of giving up, abandoning, or relinquishing control, authority, or possession of something, especially in response to a superior force, power, or circumstance. It may involve surrendering one's will, rights, beliefs, or possessions to another entity or accepting defeat or submission. Surrender can be voluntary, coerced, or forced, and it often implies yielding to an opposing force with a sense of resignation or acceptance of the inevitable outcome.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Surrenderverb

    to yield to the power of another; to give or deliver up possession of (anything) upon compulsion or demand; as, to surrender one's person to an enemy or to an officer; to surrender a fort or a ship

  2. Surrenderverb

    to give up possession of; to yield; to resign; as, to surrender a right, privilege, or advantage

  3. Surrenderverb

    to yield to any influence, emotion, passion, or power; -- used reflexively; as, to surrender one's self to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep

  4. Surrenderverb

    to yield; to render or deliver up; to give up; as, a principal surrendered by his bail, a fugitive from justice by a foreign state, or a particular estate by the tenant thereof to him in remainder or reversion

  5. Surrenderverb

    to give up one's self into the power of another; to yield; as, the enemy, seeing no way of escape, surrendered at the first summons

  6. Surrendernoun

    the act of surrendering; the act of yielding, or resigning one's person, or the possession of something, into the power of another; as, the surrender of a castle to an enemy; the surrender of a right

  7. Surrendernoun

    the yielding of a particular estate to him who has an immediate estate in remainder or reversion

  8. Surrendernoun

    the giving up of a principal into lawful custody by his bail

  9. Surrendernoun

    the delivery up of fugitives from justice by one government to another, as by a foreign state. See Extradition

  10. Etymology: [OF. surrendre to deliver; sur over + rendre to render. See Sur-, and Render.]


  1. Surrender

    Surrender is the cessation of fighting by soldiers, naval craft, nations or other combatants and their eventually becoming prisoners of war, either as individuals or when ordered to by their officers. A white flag or handkerchief is a common symbol of surrender, as is the gesture of raising one's hands empty and open above one's head. When a tank commander is surrendering, the tank's turret should be turned opposite the direction of the opposing forces. Normally, a surrender will involve the handing over of weapons; in European warfare of earlier centuries, the commanding officer of a surrendering force would specifically offer up his sword to the victorious commander. Flags and ensigns are hauled down or furled, and ships' colours are struck to signal a surrender. When the parties agree to terms, the surrender may be conditional, i.e. if the surrendering party promises to submit only after the victor makes certain promises. Otherwise it is a surrender at discretion; the victor makes no promises of treatment other than those provided by the laws and customs of war — most of which are laid out in the Hague Conventions and the Geneva Conventions. Normally a belligerent will only agree to surrender unconditionally if completely incapable of continuing hostilities.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Surrender

    sur-ren′dėr, v.t. to deliver over: to resign.—v.i. to yield up one's self to another.—n. act of yielding, or giving up to another.—ns. Surrenderee′, one to whom a legal surrender is made; Surren′derer, one who surrenders; Surren′deror (law), one who makes a surrender; Surren′dry, Surren′dery (obs.), a surrender. [O. Fr. surrendre, from sur, over—L. super, over, rendre—L. reddĕre, to render.]

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. surrender

    To lay down your arms, and give yourself up as a prisoner of war. Also, the act of giving up, as the surrender of a town or garrison.

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'surrender' in Verbs Frequency: #1010

How to pronounce surrender?

How to say surrender in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of surrender in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of surrender in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Examples of surrender in a Sentence

  1. President Idriss Deby of Chad:

    ?Abubakar Shekau must surrender. We know where he is. If he doesn't give himself up he will suffer the same fate as his compatriots, he was in Dikwa two days ago. He managed to get away but we know where he is. It's in his interests to surrender.

  2. Jim Morrison:

    Some people surrender their freedom willingly but others are forced to surrender it. Imprisonment begins with birth. Society, parents they refuse to allow you to keep the freedom you were born with. There are subtle ways to punish a person for daring to feel. You see that everyone around you has destroyed his true feeling nature. You imitate what you see.

  3. Vince Lombardi:

    Those who have invested the most are the last to surrender.

  4. The DEA:

    Following the assassination of President Haitian President Jovenel Moïse, the suspect reached out to Haitian President Jovenel Moïse contacts at The DEA. A DEA official assigned to Haiti urged the suspect to surrender to local authorities and, along with a U.S. State Department official, provided information to the Haitian government that assisted in the surrender and arrest of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse and one other individual.

  5. John Fitzgerald Kennedy:

    The path we have chosen for the present is full of hazards, as all paths are. ... The cost of freedom is always high, but Americans have always paid it. And one path we shall never choose, and that is the path of surrender, or submission. (Announcing blockade of Cuba)

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for surrender

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • استسلام, استسلمArabic
  • kapitulieren, Kapitulation, Ergebung, sich ergebenGerman
  • παραδίνομαι, παράδοσηGreek
  • kapitulacoEsperanto
  • abandonar, capitular, rendir, rendirse, entregarSpanish
  • loovutama, allaandmine, alistumaEstonian
  • luovuttaminen, antautuminen, luopuminen, antautua, luovuttaa, luovutusFinnish
  • abandon, capituler, reddition, capitulation, se rendreFrench
  • thoir suas, gèilleadh, thoir thairis, gèillScottish Gaelic
  • menyerahIndonesian
  • arrendersiItalian
  • 自首する, 放棄する, 放棄, 譲渡, 降伏, 投降, 降服, 降服する, 自首, 投降する, 譲渡するJapanese
  • haurarotanga, whakahauraro, hauraroMāori
  • overgaveDutch
  • render, entregar, capitular, render-se, entregar-sePortuguese
  • капитуляция, сдавать, сдача, сдаваться, сдаться, сдать, капитулироватьRussian
  • ge sig, ge uppSwedish
  • లొంగుబాటు, లొంగిపోTelugu
  • teslim olmak, teslim olma, teslim etmekTurkish
  • đầu hàngVietnamese
  • 投降Chinese

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"surrender." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 8 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/surrender>.

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    based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice
    • A. arbitrary
    • B. elusive
    • C. eminent
    • D. eloquent

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