Definitions for surprise
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word surprise.
the astonishment you feel when something totally unexpected happens to you
a sudden unexpected event
the act of surprising someone
cause to be surprised
"The news really surprised me"
come upon or take unawares
"She surprised the couple"; "He surprised an interesting scene"
attack by storm; attack suddenly
Something not expected.
It was a surprise to find out I owed twice as much as I thought I did.
The surprise attack was devastating.
The feeling that something unexpected has happened.
Imagine my surprise on learning I owed twice as much as I thought I did.
To cause (someone) to feel unusually alarmed or delighted.
It surprises me that I owe twice as much as I thought I did.
To do something to (a person) that they are not expecting, as a surprise.
He doesn't know that I'm in the country - I thought I'd turn up at his house and surprise him.
To undergo or witness something unexpected.
He doesn't surprise easily.
To cause surprise.
To attack unexpectedly.
To take unawares.
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
Etymology: surprise, French; from the verb.
Parents should mark heedfully the witty excuses of their children, especially at suddains and surprisals; but rather mark than pamper them Henry Wotton.
This let him know,
Lest, wilfully transgressing, he pretend
Suprisal, unadmonish’d, unforewarn’d. John Milton, Par. Lost.
I set aside the taking of St. Jago and St. Domingo in Hispaniola, as surprizes rather than encounters. Francis Bacon.
This strange surprisal put the knight
And wrathful squire into a fright. Hudibras.
There is a vast difference between them, as vast as between inadvertency and deliberation, between surprize and set purpose. South.
Few care for carving trifles in disguise,
Or that fantastick dish some call surprise. William King, Cookery.
Etymology: surpris, French, from surprendre.
The castle of Macduff I will surprise,
Seize upon Fife, give to the edge o’th’sword
His wife, his babes. William Shakespeare, Macbeth.
Now do our ears before our eyes,
Like men in mists,
Discover who’d the state surprize,
And who resists. Ben Jonson.
Bid her well beware,
Lest, by some fair appearing good surpris’d,
She dictate false, and misinform the will. John Milton.
How shall he keep, what, sleeping or awake,
A weaker may surprise, a stronger take? Alexander Pope.
Who can speak
The mingled passions that surpriz’d his heart! James Thomson.
People were not so much frighted as surprized at the bigness of the camel. Roger L'Estrange.
Up he starts, discover’d and surpris’d. John Milton.
Surprise is a sudden unexpected event, fact, or thing that causes a strong emotional response, such as shock, disbelief, excitement or awe. It is an abrupt or startling change from an anticipated outcome or situation, often leading to a brief moment of disorientation or confusion. Surprise can also refer to the feeling experienced upon discovery of something new or unknown.
the act of coming upon, or taking, unawares; the act of seizing unexpectedly; surprisal; as, the fort was taken by surprise
the state of being surprised, or taken unawares, by some act or event which could not reasonably be foreseen; emotion excited by what is sudden and strange; a suddenly excited feeling of wonder or astonishment
anything that causes such a state or emotion
a dish covered with a crust of raised paste, but with no other contents
to come or fall suddenly and unexpectedly; to take unawares; to seize or capture by unexpected attack
to strike with wonder, astonishment, or confusion, by something sudden, unexpected, or remarkable; to confound; as, his conduct surprised me
to lead (one) to do suddenly and without forethought; to bring (one) into some unexpected state; -- with into; as, to be surprised into an indiscretion; to be surprised into generosity
to hold possession of; to hold
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
sur-prīz′, n. act of taking unawares: the emotion caused by anything sudden: amazement.—v.t. to come upon suddenly or unawares: to lead or bring unawares, to betray (with into): to strike with wonder or astonishment: to confuse.—n. Surprīs′al, act of surprising.—adv. Surprīs′edly.—adj. Surprīs′ing, exciting surprise: wonderful: unexpected.—adv. Surprīs′ingly.—n. Surprīs′ingness. [Fr.,—surpris, pa.p. of surprendre—L. super, over, prehendĕre, to catch.]
Military Dictionary and Gazetteer
In war, to fall on an enemy unexpectedly, in marching through narrow and difficult passes, when one part of an army has passed, and is not able to come at once to the succor of the other; as in the passage of woods, rivers, inclosures, etc. A place is surprised by drains, casements, or the issues of rivers or canals; by encumbering the bridge or gate, or by wagons meeting and stopping each other; or by sending soldiers into the place, under pretense of being deserters, who, on entering, surprise the guard, being sustained by troops at hand in ambush, to whom they give entrance, and thereby seize the place. Military history abounds with instances of successful surprises.
To bring, give or receive a joyful, logical and just contribution or gift.
We all love our family so we regularly arrange a family gathering for us all, we love to surprise with the type of food we contribute.
Submitted by MaryC on April 16, 2016
The surprise symbol -- In this Symbols.com article you will learn about the meaning of the surprise symbol and its characteristic.
Surnames Frequency by Census Records
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Surprise is ranked #43006 in terms of the most common surnames in America.
The Surprise surname appeared 503 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Surprise.
85.2% or 429 total occurrences were White.
8.5% or 43 total occurrences were Black.
3.5% or 18 total occurrences were of two or more races.
1.5% or 8 total occurrences were Asian.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'surprise' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2153
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'surprise' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3235
Rank popularity for the word 'surprise' in Nouns Frequency: #903
Rank popularity for the word 'surprise' in Verbs Frequency: #894
The numerical value of surprise in Chaldean Numerology is: 3
The numerical value of surprise in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
The principle of least surprise is not for you only. The principle of least surprise means principle of least my surprise.
Consolidation per se in UK life insurance is not a surprise and is necessary, the surprise is perhaps that both businesses are not where they would want to be yet and are in the middle of restructuring programs of their own.
Wonder is from surprise, and surprise stops with experience.
There is no surprise more magical than the surprise of being loved it is God's finger on man's shoulder.
The risk for a negative surprise in August seems to be much larger than the risk for a positive surprise.
Popularity rank by frequency of use
Translations for surprise
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- دهشة, فاجأ, دَهْشة, باغت, مُفاجَأَة, دهشArabic
- sorpresa, sorprendreCatalan, Valencian
- překvapení, překvapitCzech
- overraskelse, overraskeDanish
- Überraschung, überraschenGerman
- έκπληξη, αιφνιδιάζω, ξάφνιασμα, εκπλήσσω, [[κάνω]] [[έκπληξη]], ξαφνικός, ξαφνιάζω, αιφνίδιοςGreek
- surprizo, surpriziEsperanto
- sorpresa, sorprenderSpanish
- تعجب ساختن, تعجب, سورپریزPersian
- yllättää, yllätys, hämmästys, hämmästyttääFinnish
- surprendre, étonner, surpriseFrench
- iongnadhScottish Gaelic
- sorpresa, sorprenderGalician
- meglepetés, meglep, váratlan, meglepetésszerű, ámulat, megdöbbenésHungarian
- անակնկալ, անակնկալի բերել, զարմանք, զարմացնելArmenian
- sorprendere, meravigliare, sorpresa, stupireItalian
- 驚き, 驚かすJapanese
- 놀라게 하다, 놀람Korean
- IwwerraschungLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- ninihi, komutuMāori
- kejutan, mengejutMalay
- verrassing, verrassen, verbazing, verbazenDutch
- overraskingNorwegian Nynorsk
- overraskning, overraskelse, overraske, overraskelses-Norwegian
- zaskakiwać, niespodzianka, dziwićPolish
- surpreender, surpresaPortuguese
- surpriză, surprinde, surprindereRomanian
- неожиданность, сюрприз, удивлять, удивить, удивлениеRussian
- presenečenje, presenetitiSlovene
- förvåning, överraskning, överraskaSwedish
- sürpriz yapmak, şaşırtmak, sürprizTurkish
- ewaermint, sbarmintWalloon
Get even more translations for surprise »
Find a translation for the surprise definition in other languages:
Select another language:
- - Select -
- 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
- 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
- Español (Spanish)
- Esperanto (Esperanto)
- 日本語 (Japanese)
- Português (Portuguese)
- Deutsch (German)
- العربية (Arabic)
- Français (French)
- Русский (Russian)
- ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
- 한국어 (Korean)
- עברית (Hebrew)
- Gaeilge (Irish)
- Українська (Ukrainian)
- اردو (Urdu)
- Magyar (Hungarian)
- मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
- Indonesia (Indonesian)
- Italiano (Italian)
- தமிழ் (Tamil)
- Türkçe (Turkish)
- తెలుగు (Telugu)
- ภาษาไทย (Thai)
- Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
- Čeština (Czech)
- Polski (Polish)
- Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
- Românește (Romanian)
- Nederlands (Dutch)
- Ελληνικά (Greek)
- Latinum (Latin)
- Svenska (Swedish)
- Dansk (Danish)
- Suomi (Finnish)
- فارسی (Persian)
- ייִדיש (Yiddish)
- հայերեն (Armenian)
- Norsk (Norwegian)
- English (English)
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"surprise." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 4 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/surprise>.