What does surge mean?

Definitions for surge

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word surge.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. rush, spate, surge, upsurgenoun

    a sudden forceful flow

  2. surge, upsurgenoun

    a sudden or abrupt strong increase

    "stimulated a surge of speculation"; "an upsurge of emotion"; "an upsurge in violent crime"

  3. billow, surgeverb

    a large sea wave

  4. billow, surge, heaveverb

    rise and move, as in waves or billows

    "The army surged forward"

  5. soar, soar up, soar upwards, surge, zoomverb

    rise rapidly

    "the dollar soared against the yen"

  6. tide, surgeverb

    rise or move forward

    "surging waves"

  7. scend, surgeverb

    rise or heave upward under the influence of a natural force such as a wave

    "the boats surged"

  8. surgeverb

    see one's performance improve

    "He levelled the score and then surged ahead"


  1. surgenoun

    A sudden rush, flood or increase which is transient.

  2. surgenoun

    The maximum amplitude of a vehicles' forward/backward oscillation

    He felt a surge of excitement.

  3. surgenoun

    A sudden electrical spike or increase of voltage and current.

    A power surge at that generator created a blackout across the whole district.

  4. surgenoun

    The swell or heave of the sea. (FM 55-501).

  5. surgeverb

    To rush, flood, or increase suddenly.

    Toaster sales surged last year.

  6. surgeverb

    To accelerate forwards, particularly suddenly.

    A ship surges forwards, sways sideways and heaves up.

  7. surgeverb

    To slack off a line.

  8. Etymology: From surgen, from possibly from sourgir, from surgir, from Old Catalan surgir, from surgere, contr. of surrigere, subrigere, from sub + regere; see regent.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Surgenoun

    A swelling sea; wave rolling above the general surface of the water; billow; wave.

    Etymology: from surgo, Latin.

    The realm was left, like a ship in a storm, amidst all the raging surges, unruled and undirected of any. Edmund Spenser.

    The wind-shak’d surge, with high and monstrous main,
    Seems to cast water on the burning bear,
    And quench the guards of the ever-fired pole:
    I never did like molestation view
    On the enchafed flood. William Shakespeare, Othello.

    He trod the water,
    Whose enmity he flung aside, and breasted
    The surge most swoln that met him. William Shakespeare, Tempest.

    It was formerly famous for the unfortunate loves of Hero and Leander, drowned in the uncompassionate surges. George Sandys.

    The sulph’rous hail
    Shot after us in storm, o’erblown, hath laid
    The fiery surge, that from the precipice
    Of heav’n receiv’d us falling. John Milton, Paradise Lost.

    He sweeps the skies, and clears the cloudy North:
    He flies aloft, and with impetuous roar
    Pursues the foaming surges to the shore. Dryden.

    Thetis, near Ismena’s swelling flood,
    With dread beheld the rolling surges sweep
    In heaps his slaughter’d sons into the deep. Alexander Pope.

  2. To Surgeverb

    To swell; to rise high.

    Etymology: from surgo, Latin.

    From midst of all the main
    The surging waters like a mountain rise. Fairy Queen.

    He, all in rage, his sea-god sire besought,
    Some cursed vengeance on his son to cast;
    From surging gulfs two monsters straight were brought. F. Q.

    Up from the bottom turn’d by furious winds
    And surging waves, as mountains, to assault
    Heav’n’s height, and with the centre mix the pole. John Milton.

    Not with indented wave,
    Prone on the ground, as since; but on his rear,
    Circular base of rising folds, that tower’d
    Fold above fold, a surging maze! John Milton, Parad. Lost.

    Surging waves against a solid rock,
    Though all to shivers dash’d, th’ assault renew,
    Vain batt’ry, and in froth or bubbles end. John Milton.


  1. surge

    A surge is a sudden or quick increase or powerful forward movement. This can apply to various contexts such as electricity, water flow, emotions, statistical data, and more. It usually implies an unexpected or uncontrolled change.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Surgenoun

    a spring; a fountain

  2. Surgenoun

    a large wave or billow; a great, rolling swell of water, produced generally by a high wind

  3. Surgenoun

    the motion of, or produced by, a great wave

  4. Surgenoun

    the tapered part of a windlass barrel or a capstan, upon which the cable surges, or slips

  5. Surgeverb

    to swell; to rise hifg and roll

  6. Surgeverb

    to slip along a windlass

  7. Surgenoun

    to let go or slacken suddenly, as a rope; as, to surge a hawser or messenger; also, to slacken the rope about (a capstan)

  8. Etymology: [L. surgere, surrectum, to raise, to rise; sub under + regere to direct: cf. OF. surgeon, sourgeon, fountain. See Regent, and cf. Insurrection, Sortie, Source.]


  1. Surge

    Surge was a variation of a Norwegian citrus soft drink called Urge. Surge, like Urge, was produced by the Coca-Cola Company to compete with Pepsi's Mountain Dew. Surge had a more "hardcore" edge much like Mountain Dew's advertising at this time, in an attempt to further take customers away from Pepsi.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Surge

    surj, n. the rising or swelling of a large wave.—v.i. to rise high: to swell.—adj. Sur′gy, full of surges or waves: billowy. [L. surgĕre, to rise.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. surge

    A large swelling wave. Also, the tapered part of the whelps between the chocks of the capstan, upon which the messenger is readily surged.--To surge, is to slacken up suddenly a portion of a rope where it renders round a pin, windlass, or capstan; as, "Surge the messenger." A ship is said to surge on a reef when she rises and falls with the heave of the sea, so as to strike heavily.

Matched Categories

Anagrams for surge »

  1. urges

  2. grues

How to pronounce surge?

How to say surge in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of surge in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of surge in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

Examples of surge in a Sentence

  1. Public Safety commissioner:

    That’s why we built 285, y’ all, it’s the bypass. This morning, Atlanta’s MARTA transit system increased rail services to accommodate the expected increase in travelers. By mid-day MARTA CEO Keith Parker was reporting a 25 percent surge in ridership. With highway capacity already at a premium, the I-85 closure comes at a time of peak demand. This weekend, spring break gets underway for many area school students. And Friday evening, the Atlanta Braves will inaugurate their new stadium with a preseason game. During construction of the new stadium, critics questioned the impact the facility would have on traffic at its location near the junction of I-285 and I-75 in suburban Cobb County. Now that I-75 is the only northbound interstate out of downtown Atlanta, traffic plans will be put to the test. Despite the inconvenience, some residents and officials are putting Thursday’s disaster in perspective.

  2. Ben Rhodes:

    You could tell he was thinking about whether to do this or not, and when he did, you just felt this surge of emotion in the room ... the weight of history coming out all at once in a way that you don't ever see.

  3. Evercore ISI analyst Michael Newshel:

    The post-Thanksgiving ramp-up in sign-ups was better than expected, and the momentum bodes well for the key final surge into the deadline this Sunday, December 15.

  4. Belayet Hossain:

    The tidal surge submerged part of the forest, we have seen trees uprooted, the tin roofs of the guard towers blown off.

  5. Erin Loos Cutraro:

    We've seen a tremendous surge of American Women come into our programs.

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Translations for surge

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

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"surge." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 21 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/surge>.

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    an unincorporated business owned by a single person who is responsible for its liabilities and entitled to its profits
    A articulate
    B eloquent
    C soft-witted
    D proprietary

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