What does supreme court mean?

Definitions for supreme court
supreme court

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word supreme court.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Supreme Court, Supreme Court of the United States, United States Supreme Courtnoun

    the highest federal court in the United States; has final appellate jurisdiction and has jurisdiction over all other courts in the nation

  2. supreme court, state supreme court, high courtnoun

    the highest court in most states of the United States

Wiktionary

  1. supreme courtnoun

    A court of law which represents the highest legal authority within a jurisdiction.

  2. Supreme Courtnoun

    The highest court in a legal jurisdiction.

Wikipedia

  1. Supreme court

    A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in most legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, apex court, and high (or final) court of appeal. Broadly speaking, the decisions of a supreme court are not subject to further review by any other court. Supreme courts typically function primarily as appellate courts, hearing appeals from decisions of lower trial courts, or from intermediate-level appellate courts.However, not all highest courts are named as such. Civil law states tend not to have a single highest court. Additionally, the highest court in some jurisdictions is not named the "Supreme Court", for example, the High Court of Australia. On the other hand, in some places the court named the "Supreme Court" is not in fact the highest court; examples include the New York Supreme Court, the supreme courts of several Canadian provinces/territories, and the former Supreme Court of Judicature of England and Wales and Supreme Court of Judicature of Northern Ireland, which are all subordinate to higher courts of appeal. The idea of a supreme court owes much to the framers of the Constitution of the United States. It was while debating the division of powers between the legislative and executive departments that delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention established the parameters for the national judiciary. Creating a "third branch" of government was a novel idea; in the English tradition, judicial matters had been treated as an aspect of royal (executive) authority. It was also proposed in the Constitutional Convention that the judiciary should have a role in checking the executive power to exercise a veto or to revise laws. In the end, the Framers of the Constitution compromised by sketching only a general outline of the judiciary, vesting of federal judicial power in "one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish". They delineated neither the exact powers and prerogatives of the Supreme Court nor the organization of the Judicial Branch as a whole. Some countries have multiple "supreme courts" whose respective jurisdictions have different geographical extents, or which are restricted to particular areas of law. Some countries with a federal system of government may have both a federal supreme court (such as the Supreme Court of the United States), and supreme courts for each member state (such as the Supreme Court of Nevada), with the former having jurisdiction over the latter only to the extent that the federal constitution extends federal law over state law. However, other federations, such as Canada, may have a supreme court of general jurisdiction, able to decide any question of law. Jurisdictions with a civil law system often have a hierarchy of administrative courts separate from the ordinary courts, headed by a supreme administrative court (such as the Supreme Administrative Court of Finland, for example). A number of jurisdictions also maintain a separate constitutional court or other judicial or quasi-judicial body (first developed in the Czechoslovak Constitution of 1920), such as Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Russia, Spain and South Africa. Within the former British Empire, the highest court within a colony was often called the "Supreme Court", even though appeals could be made from that court to the United Kingdom's Privy Council (based in London). A number of Commonwealth jurisdictions retain this system, but many others have reconstituted their own highest court as a court of last resort, with the right of appeal to the Privy Council being abolished. In jurisdictions using a common law system, the doctrine of stare decisis applies, whereby the principles applied by the supreme court in its decisions are binding upon all lower courts; this is intended to apply a uniform interpretation and implementation of the law. In civil law jurisdictions the doctrine of stare decisis is not generally considered to apply, so the decisions of the supreme court are not necessarily binding beyond the immediate case before it; however, in practice the decisions of the supreme court usually provide a very strong precedent, or jurisprudence constante, for both itself and all lower courts.

ChatGPT

  1. supreme court

    The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in a jurisdiction, typically a country or a U.S. state. It has the ultimate authority to interpret and apply laws, including constitutionality, and is generally responsible for resolving disputes that have important implications for the overall legal system. The decisions made by the Supreme Court are final and binding.

Wikidata

  1. Supreme court

    A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, instance court, judgment court, apex court, and highest court of appeal. Broadly speaking, the decisions of a supreme court are not subject to further review by any other court. In a few places, the court named the "Supreme Court" is not in fact the highest court; examples include the Supreme Court of the State of New York and the former Supreme Court of Judicature of England and Wales. The highest court in some jurisdictions is not named the "Supreme Court"; for example, the High Court of Australia. Supreme courts typically function primarily as appellate courts, hearing appeals from decisions of lower trial courts, or from intermediate-level appellate courts. Some countries have multiple "supreme courts" whose respective jurisdictions have different geographical extents, or which are restricted to particular areas of law. In particular, countries with a federal system of government typically have both a federal supreme court, and supreme courts for each member state, with the former having jurisdiction over the latter only to the extent that the federal constitution extends federal law over state law; the US states of Texas and Oklahoma also split the functions of a supreme court between separate courts for criminal and civil cases. Jurisdictions with a civil law system often have a hierarchy of administrative courts separate from the ordinary courts, headed by a supreme administrative court. A number of jurisdictions also follow the "Austrian" model of a separate constitutional court.

Suggested Resources

  1. supreme court

    Quotes by supreme court -- Explore a large variety of famous quotes made by supreme court on the Quotes.net website.

Matched Categories

How to pronounce supreme court?

How to say supreme court in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of supreme court in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of supreme court in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of supreme court in a Sentence

  1. Simone Leeper:

    That's something that we are going to be fighting in state courts to the best of our ability, but that is a threat that we knew was present, and that the Supreme Court was warned would come to pass -- and it is now.

  2. Mike Pompeo:

    She sounds like, from all I can tell, that she's a decent human being, i pray that she will be a Supreme Court justice that will respect the Constitution, but I fear that she'll have a different view of that than me.

  3. Eugene Volokh:

    Supreme Court made clear that if you deny a tax exemption Supreme Court's the same as a fine, so, one question you might ask is, would it be permissible to say we're going to impose a fine on any group or any religious group that takes a particular view about same-sex marriage ? The answer is of course not. Clearly it would be a Facts First : Legal precedent Amendment violation.

  4. Wisconsin Attorney General Brad Schimel:

    If the court here strikes down Wisconsin's statute, there would be a split between the 5th Circuit and the 7th Circuit, which could prompt the Supreme Court to take the case up. There's an expectation that the U.S. Supreme Court at some point is going to take on this issue.

  5. James Comey:

    It may well produce another United States vs. Nixon on a subpoena that went to United States Supreme Court, it may well produce impeachment proceedings, although we're very far from that possibility.


Translations for supreme court

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for supreme court »

Translation

Find a translation for the supreme court definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:


Citation

Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"supreme court." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 22 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/supreme+court>.

Discuss these supreme court definitions with the community:

0 Comments

    Are we missing a good definition for supreme court? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Image or illustration of

    supreme court

    Credit »

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Browse Definitions.net

    Quiz

    Are you a words master?

    »
    a scar where the umbilical cord was attached
    A mealie
    B omphalos
    C urus
    D hypostatization

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for supreme court: