What does structural linguistics mean?

Definitions for structural linguistics
struc·tural linguis·tics

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word structural linguistics.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. structuralism, structural linguisticsnoun

    linguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse

Wikipedia

  1. Structural linguistics

    Structural linguistics, or structuralism, in linguistics, denotes schools or theories in which language is conceived as a self-contained, self-regulating semiotic system whose elements are defined by their relationship to other elements within the system. It is derived from the work of Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure and is part of the overall approach of structuralism. Saussure's Course in General Linguistics, published posthumously in 1916, stressed examining language as a dynamic system of interconnected units. Saussure is also known for introducing several basic dimensions of semiotic analysis that are still important today. Two of these are his key methods of syntagmatic and paradigmatic analysis, which define units syntactically and lexically, respectively, according to their contrast with the other units in the system. Structuralism as a term, however, was not used by Saussure, who called the approach semiology. The term structuralism is derived from sociologist Émile Durkheim's anti-Darwinian modification of Herbert Spencer's organic analogy which draws a parallel between social structures and the organs of an organism which have different functions or purposes. Similar analogies and metaphors were used in the historical-comparative linguistics that Saussure was part of. Saussure himself made a modification of August Schleicher's language–species analogy, based on William Dwight Whitney's critical writings, to turn focus to the internal elements of the language organism, or system. Nonetheless, structural linguistics became mainly associated with Saussure's notion of language as a dual interactive system of symbols and concepts. The term structuralism was adopted to linguistics after Saussure's death by the Prague school linguists Roman Jakobson and Nikolai Trubetzkoy; while the term structural linguistics was coined by Louis Hjelmslev.

ChatGPT

  1. structural linguistics

    Structural linguistics is a branch of linguistics that involves systematic study of language structures, focusing on the underlying patterns and rules that govern the way words and sentences are formed and used. The approach emphasizes the examination of syntax, phonology, morphology, and semantics, and seeks to determine universal laws of language based on the structure. It uses scientific methodologies, treating language as a structured system of signs. This approach laid the foundation for other linguistic theories such as transformational grammar and cognitive linguistics.

Wikidata

  1. Structural linguistics

    Structural linguistics is an approach to linguistics originating from the work of Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. De Saussure's Course in General Linguistics, published posthumously in 1916, stressed examining language as a static system of interconnected units. He is thus known as a father of modern linguistics for bringing about the shift from diachronic to synchronic analysis, as well as for introducing several basic dimensions of semiotic analysis that are still important today, such as syntagmatic and paradigmatic analysis. Structural linguistics thus involves collecting a corpus of utterances and then attempting to classify all of the elements of the corpus at their different linguistic levels: the phonemes, morphemes, lexical categories, noun phrases, verb phrases, and sentence types. One of Saussure's key methods was syntagmatic and paradigmatic analysis that respectively define units syntactically and lexically, according to their contrast with the other units in the system. Structural linguistics is now overwhelmingly regarded by professional linguists as outdated and as superseded by developments such as cognitive linguistics and generative grammar: Jan Koster states, "Saussure, considered the most important linguist of the century in Europe until the 1950s, hardly plays a role in current theoretical thinking about language," while cognitive linguist Mark Turner reports that many of Saussure's concepts were "wrong on a grand scale" and Norman N. Holland notes that "Saussure's views are not held, so far as I know, by modern linguists, only by literary critics, Lacanians, and the occasional philosopher;" others have made similar observations.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of structural linguistics in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of structural linguistics in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

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"structural linguistics." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 18 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/structural+linguistics>.

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