What does spend mean?

Definitions for spend

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word spend.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. spend, passverb

    pass time in a specific way

    "how are you spending your summer vacation?"

  2. spend, expend, dropverb

    pay out

    "spend money"

  3. spendverb

    spend completely

    "I spend my pocket money in two days"


  1. spendnoun

    Amount spent (during a period), expenditure

    I'm sorry boss, but the advertising spend exceeded the budget again this month.

  2. spendnoun

    expenditures; money or pocket money.

  3. spendnoun

    Discharged semen

  4. spendverb

    to pay out (money)

  5. spendverb

    to exhaust, to wear out

  6. spendverb

    to consume, to use up (time)

  7. Etymology: From spenden, from * (attested in compounds aspendan, forspendan), from spendanan, borrowed from expendere. Cognate with spenton (whence spenden), spenden, Old spenna.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. To SPENDverb

    Etymology: spendan , Saxon; spendere, Italian.

    Our cannons malice vainly shall be spent
    Against th’ invulnerable clouds. William Shakespeare.

    I will very gladly spend and be spent for you. 2 Cor. xii. 15.

    There is oil in the dwelling of the wise, but a foolish man spendeth it up. Prov. xxi. 20.

    We must exasperate
    Th’ almighty Victor to spend all his rage. John Milton.

    Thus labour could at first begin a title of property in the common things of nature, and spending it upon our uses bound it. John Locke.

    Money is brought into England by nothing but spending here less of foreign commodities than what we carry to market can pay for. John Locke.

    Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? Is. lv. 2.

    Eleutherius, perceiving that he was unwilling to spend any more time upon the debate, thought not fit to make any mention to him of the proposed opinion. Boyle.

    Coward dogs
    Most spend their mouths, when what they seem to threaten
    Runs far before them. William Shakespeare, Henry V.

    They bend their bows, they whirl their slings around;
    Heaps of spent arrows fall, and strew the ground. Dryden.

    The whole of our reflections terminate in this, what course we are to take to pass our time; some to get, and others to spend their estates. William Wake.

    When we can intreat an hour to serve,
    Would spend it in some words upon that business,
    If you would grant the time. William Shakespeare, Macbeth.

    They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave. Job xxi. 13.

    He spends his life with his wife, and remembereth neither father nor mother. 1 Esdr. iv. 21.

    When he was of riper years, for his farther accomplishment, he spent a considerable part of his time in travelling. Alexander Pope.

    In those pastoral pastimes a great many days were spent, to follow their flying predecessors. Philip Sidney.

    The waves ascended and descended, ’till their violence being spent by degrees, they settled at last. Thomas Burnet, Theo. of the Earth.

    The winds are rais’d, the storm blows high;
    Be it your care, my friends, to keep it up
    In its full fury, and direct it right,
    ’Till it has spent itself on Cato’s head. Joseph Addison, Cato.

    Nothing but only the hope of spoil did relieve them, having scarce clothes to cover their nakedness, and their bodies spent with long labour and thirst. Richard Knolles, History of the Turks.

    Or come your shipping in our ports to lay,
    Spent and disabled in so long a way? John Dryden, Æn.

    Our walls are thinly mann’d, our best men slain;
    The rest, an heartless number, spent with watching,
    And harrass’d out with duty. Dryden.

    Some spent with toil, some with despair oppress’d,
    Leap’d headlong from the heights, the flames consum’d the rest. John Dryden, Æn.

    Thou oft hast seen me
    Wrestling with vice and faction; now thou see’st me
    Spent, overpower’d, despairing of success. Joseph Addison, Cato.

  2. To Spendverb

    Henceforth your tongue must spend at lesser rate,
    Than in its flames to wrap a nation’s fate. Dryden.

    He spends as a person who knows that he must come to a reckoning. South.

    Butter spent as if it came from the richer soil. William Temple.

    The sound spendeth and is dissipated in the open air; but in such concaves it is conserved and contracted. Francis Bacon.

    Oh mountains, it may be, many dews fall, that spend before they come to the valleys. Francis Bacon.

    There have been cups and an image of Jupiter made of wild vines; for the vines that they use for wine are so often cut, that their sap spendeth into the grapes. Francis Bacon.


  1. spend

    Consumption is the act of using resources to satisfy current needs and wants. It is seen in contrast to investing, which is spending for acquisition of future income. Consumption is a major concept in economics and is also studied in many other social sciences. Different schools of economists define consumption differently. According to mainstream economists, only the final purchase of newly produced goods and services by individuals for immediate use constitutes consumption, while other types of expenditure — in particular, fixed investment, intermediate consumption, and government spending — are placed in separate categories (see consumer choice). Other economists define consumption much more broadly, as the aggregate of all economic activity that does not entail the design, production and marketing of goods and services (e.g. the selection, adoption, use, disposal and recycling of goods and services).Economists are particularly interested in the relationship between consumption and income, as modelled with the consumption function. A similar realist structural view can be found in consumption theory, which views the Fisherian intertemporal choice framework as the real structure of the consumption function. Unlike the passive strategy of structure embodied in inductive structural realism, economists define structure in terms of its invariance under intervention.


  1. spend

    Spend refers to the act of using or consuming resources, typically in the form of money, time, or effort, to acquire goods, services, or experiences.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Spendverb

    to weigh or lay out; to dispose of; to part with; as, to spend money for clothing

  2. Spendverb

    to bestow; to employ; -- often with on or upon

  3. Spendverb

    to consume; to waste; to squander; to exhaust; as, to spend an estate in gaming or other vices

  4. Spendverb

    to pass, as time; to suffer to pass away; as, to spend a day idly; to spend winter abroad

  5. Spendverb

    to exhaust of force or strength; to waste; to wear away; as, the violence of the waves was spent

  6. Spendverb

    to expend money or any other possession; to consume, use, waste, or part with, anything; as, he who gets easily spends freely

  7. Spendverb

    to waste or wear away; to be consumed; to lose force or strength; to vanish; as, energy spends in the using of it

  8. Spendverb

    to be diffused; to spread

  9. Spendverb

    to break ground; to continue working

  10. Etymology: [AS. spendan (in comp.), fr. L. expendere or dispendere to weigh out, to expend, dispense. See Pendant, and cf. Dispend, Expend, Spence, Spencer.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Spend

    spend, v.t. to expend or weigh out: to give for any purpose: to consume: to waste: to pass, as time.—v.i. to make expense: to be lost, wasted, or dissipated: to emit milt, semen, &c.:—pr.p. spend′ing; pa.t. and pa.p. spent.—adj. Spen′dable, that may be spent.—ns. Spend′all, a spendthrift; Spen′der; Spen′ding; Spense=Spence (q.v.).—adj. Spent, exhausted: impotent: of fish, exhausted by spawning. [A.S. spendan—L. expendĕre or dispendĕre, to weigh out.]

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. spend

    This term is sometimes used in military matters to express the consumption of anything; as, to spend all your ammunition.

Editors Contribution

  1. spend

    To share time with.

    They loved to spend time with each other as they lived together and valued their lives and looked forward to their wedding whjch would happen earlier than planned.

    Submitted by MaryC on February 22, 2020  

  2. spend

    To buy or purchase.

    They did spend some money purchasing some paint for the house.

    Submitted by MaryC on March 19, 2020  

  3. spend

    To use time.

    We love to spend time together on the farm.

    Submitted by MaryC on April 28, 2020  

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'spend' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #1575

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'spend' in Written Corpus Frequency: #795

  3. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'spend' in Verbs Frequency: #99

How to pronounce spend?

How to say spend in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of spend in Chaldean Numerology is: 7

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of spend in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of spend in a Sentence

  1. Donald Trump:

    It's so sad for David Chalian and I country, david Chalian and I're fighting with Iran, David Chalian and I're fighting with all of these different places -- and in many cases doing great, making trade deals and doing so good -- but I have to spend, and my team has to spend, time on this stuff.

  2. Kim Min-gyu:

    Actually, what they spend isn't that much, their workforce works for free and, except for a few key imported parts, they make everything else.

  3. Ardeshir Amir-Arjomand:

    They spend their time praying, reading a limited number of books they have access to and also gardening.

  4. John Yarmuth:

    We have some members I believe in the caucus who believe in the theory that you can spend whatever you want to spend. And I don't think that's possible.

  5. Syed Saquib:

    So as much as we love to take care of people in the hospital, we'd much rather that they don't get injured and can spend the summer with their family, friends and loved ones.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for spend

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

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"spend." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 21 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/spend>.

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    malicious satisfaction
    A gloat
    B abrade
    C descant
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