What does somatic cell mean?

Definitions for somatic cell
so·matic cell

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word somatic cell.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. somatic cell, vegetative cellnoun

    any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes

    "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";

Wiktionary

  1. somatic cellnoun

    Any normal cell of an organism that is not involved in reproduction; a cell that is not on the germline.

Wikipedia

  1. Somatic cell

    In cellular biology, a somatic cell (from Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma) 'body'), or vegetal cell, is any biological cell forming the body of a multicellular organism other than a gamete, germ cell, gametocyte or undifferentiated stem cell. Such cells compose the body of an organism and divide through the process of binary fission and mitotic division. In contrast, gametes are cells that fuse during sexual reproduction, germ cells are cells that give rise to gametes, and stem cells are cells that can divide through mitosis and differentiate into diverse specialized cell types. For example, in mammals, somatic cells make up all the internal organs, skin, bones, blood and connective tissue, while mammalian germ cells give rise to spermatozoa and ova which fuse during fertilization to produce a cell called a zygote, which divides and differentiates into the cells of an embryo. There are approximately 220 types of somatic cell in the human body.Theoretically, these cells are not germ cells (the source of gametes); they transmit their mutations, to their cellular descendants (if they have any), but not to the organism's descendants. However, in sponges, non-differentiated somatic cells form the germ line and, in Cnidaria, differentiated somatic cells are the source of the germline. Mitotic cell division is only seen in diploid somatic cells. Only some cells like germ cells take part in reproduction.

ChatGPT

  1. somatic cell

    A somatic cell refers to any cell in an organism's body apart from reproductive cells (sperm or egg). These cells make up tissues, organs, skin, and other body parts. Each somatic cell typically contains the full set of an organism's DNA, except in the case of specific modifications such as those found in red blood cells. In humans, somatic cells are diploid, meaning they contain two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.

Wikidata

  1. Somatic cell

    A somatic cell is any biological cell forming the body of an organism; that is, in a multicellular organism, any cell other than a gamete, germ cell, gametocyte or undifferentiated stem cell. By contrast, gametes are cells that fuse during sexual reproduction, for organisms that reproduce sexually; Germ cells are cells that give rise to gametes; Stem cells are cells that can divide through mitosis and differentiate into diverse specialized cell types. For example, in mammals, somatic cells make up all the internal organs, skin, bones, blood and connective tissue. By contrast, mammalian germ cells give rise to spermatozoa and ova which fuse during fertilization to produce a cell called a zygote, which develops into an embryo. Somatic cells are diploid. The word "somatic" is derived from the Greek word sōma, meaning "body".

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of somatic cell in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of somatic cell in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of somatic cell in a Sentence

  1. Getty Images:

    The DNA from the somatic cell starts behaving like the DNA of an embryo, once activated, they are cultured in a lab for seven to eight days before being transferred to the uterus of a surrogate mother.


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"somatic cell." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 16 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/somatic+cell>.

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