What does shock mean?

Definitions for shock

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word shock.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. daze, shock, stupornoun

    the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally

    "his mother's death left him in a daze"; "he was numb with shock"

  2. shock, impactnoun

    the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat

    "the armies met in the shock of battle"

  3. electric shock, electrical shock, shocknoun

    a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body

    "subjects received a small electric shock when they made the wrong response"; "electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks"

  4. shocknoun

    (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor

    "loss of blood is an important cause of shock"

  5. shock, seismic disturbancenoun

    an instance of agitation of the earth's crust

    "the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch"

  6. shock, blownoun

    an unpleasant or disappointing surprise

    "it came as a shock to learn that he was injured"

  7. shocknoun

    a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field

    "corn is bound in small sheaves and several sheaves are set up together in shocks"; "whole fields of wheat in shock"

  8. shocknoun

    a bushy thick mass (especially hair)

    "he had an unruly shock of black hair"

  9. jolt, jar, jounce, shocknoun

    a sudden jarring impact

    "the door closed with a jolt"; "all the jars and jolts were smoothed out by the shock absorbers"

  10. shock absorber, shock, cushionverb

    a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses

    "the old car needed a new set of shocks"

  11. shock, floor, ball over, blow out of the water, take abackverb

    surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off

    "I was floored when I heard that I was promoted"

  12. shock, offend, scandalize, scandalise, appal, appall, outrageverb

    strike with disgust or revulsion

    "The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends"

  13. shockverb

    strike with horror or terror

    "The news of the bombing shocked her"

  14. shockverb

    collide violently

  15. shockverb

    collect or gather into shocks

    "shock grain"

  16. shockverb

    subject to electrical shocks

  17. traumatize, traumatise, shockverb

    inflict a trauma upon


  1. shocknoun

    Sudden, heavy impact.

    The train hit the buffers with a great shock.

  2. shocknoun

    An arrangement of sheaves for drying, a stook.

  3. shockverb

    To cause to be emotionally shocked.

    The disaster shocked the world.

  4. shockverb

    To give an electric shock.

  5. Etymology: From schokken or choquer; both from schokken, from *, from skukkanan. Of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to skakanan, from (s)kAg'-; see shake. Cognate with schocken, scoc, schocken, skykkr, skykkjun, schiggen. More at shog.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Shocknoun

    Etymology: choc, French; schocken, Dutch.

    Thro’ the shock
    Of fighting elements on all sides round
    Environ’d, wins his way. John Milton.

    It is inconceptible how any such man that hath stood the shock of an eternal duration, without corruption or alteration, should after be corrupted or altered. Matthew Hale.

    These strong unshaken mounds resist the shocks
    Of tides and seas tempestuous, while the rocks,
    That secret in a long continu’d vein
    Pass through the earth, the pon’drous pile sustain. Richard Blackmore.

    Such is the haughty man, his tow’ring soul,
    Midst all the shocks and injuries of fortune,
    Rises superior and looks down on Cæsar. Addison.

    Long at the head of his few faithful friends,
    He stood the shock of a whole host of foes. Addison.

    The tender apples from their parents rent,
    By stormy shocks must not neglected lye,
    The prey of worms. Philips.

    The adverse legions, not less hideous join’d
    The horrid shock. John Milton.

    Those that run away are in more danger than the others that stand the shock. Roger L'Estrange.

    The mighty force
    Of Edward twice o’erturn’d their desp’rate king:
    Twice he arose, and join’d the horrid shock. Philips.

    Fewer shocks a statesman gives his friend. Edward Young.

    Corn tithed, sir parson, together to get,
    And cause it on shocks to be by and by set. Thomas Tusser.

    In a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in, in his season. Job.

    Thou, full of days, like weighty shocks of corn,
    In season reap’d, shall to thy grave be born. George Sandys.

    Behind the master walks, builds up the shocks,
    Feels his heart heave with joy. James Thomson.

    I would fain know why a shock and a hound are not distinct species. John Locke.

  2. To Shockverb

    Etymology: schocken, Dutch.

    These her princes are come home again:
    Come the three corners of the world in arms,
    And we will shock them. William Shakespeare, K. John.

    Supposing verses are never so beautiful, yet if they contain any thing that shocks religion or good manners, they are
    Versus inotes rerum nugæquæ canoræ. Dryden.

    Those who in reading are shock’d that ’tis always a lion, may as well be angry that ’tis always a man. Alexander Pope.

    My son,
    I bade him love, and bid him now forbear:
    If you have any kindness for him, still
    Advise him not to shock a father’s will. Dryden.

  3. To Shockverb

    To be offensive.

    The French humour, in regard of the liberties they take in female conversations, is very shocking to the Italians, who are naturally jealous. Joseph Addison, Remarks on Italy.

  4. To Shockverb

    To build up piles of sheaves.

    Etymology: from the noun.

    Reap well, scatter not, gather clean that is shorn,
    Bind fast, shock apace, have an eye to thy corn. Thomas Tusser.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Shocknoun

    a pile or assemblage of sheaves of grain, as wheat, rye, or the like, set up in a field, the sheaves varying in number from twelve to sixteen; a stook

  2. Shocknoun

    a lot consisting of sixty pieces; -- a term applied in some Baltic ports to loose goods

  3. Shockverb

    to collect, or make up, into a shock or shocks; to stook; as, to shock rye

  4. Shockverb

    to be occupied with making shocks

  5. Shocknoun

    a quivering or shaking which is the effect of a blow, collision, or violent impulse; a blow, impact, or collision; a concussion; a sudden violent impulse or onset

  6. Shocknoun

    a sudden agitation of the mind or feelings; a sensation of pleasure or pain caused by something unexpected or overpowering; also, a sudden agitating or overpowering event

  7. Shocknoun

    a sudden depression of the vital forces of the entire body, or of a port of it, marking some profound impression produced upon the nervous system, as by severe injury, overpowering emotion, or the like

  8. Shocknoun

    the sudden convulsion or contraction of the muscles, with the feeling of a concussion, caused by the discharge, through the animal system, of electricity from a charged body

  9. Shock

    to give a shock to; to cause to shake or waver; hence, to strike against suddenly; to encounter with violence

  10. Shock

    to strike with surprise, terror, horror, or disgust; to cause to recoil; as, his violence shocked his associates

  11. Shockverb

    to meet with a shock; to meet in violent encounter

  12. Shocknoun

    a dog with long hair or shag; -- called also shockdog

  13. Shocknoun

    a thick mass of bushy hair; as, a head covered with a shock of sandy hair

  14. Shockadjective

    bushy; shaggy; as, a shock hair

  15. Etymology: [OE. schokken; cf. D. schokken, F. choquer, Sp. chocar. 161. Cf. Chuck to strike, Jog, Shake, Shock a striking, Shog, n. & v.]


  1. Shock

    Circulatory shock, commonly known simply as shock, is a life-threatening medical condition that occurs due to inadequate substrate for aerobic cellular respiration. In the early stages this is generally an inadequate tissue level of oxygen. The typical signs of shock are low blood pressure, a rapid heartbeat and signs of poor end-organ perfusion or "decompensation/peripheral shut down". There are times that a person's blood pressure may remain stable, but may still be in circulatory shock, so it is not always a sign. Circulatory shock is not related to the emotional state of shock. Circulatory shock is a life-threatening medical emergency and one of the most common causes of death for critically ill people. Shock can have a variety of effects, all with similar outcomes, but all relate to a problem with the body's circulatory system. For example, shock may lead to hypoxemia or cardiac arrest. One of the key dangers of shock is that it progresses by a positive feedback mechanism. Once shock begins, it tends to make itself worse, so immediate treatment of shock is critical to the survival of the sufferer.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Shock

    shok, n. a violent shake: a sudden dashing of one thing against another: violent onset: an offence: a condition of prostration of voluntary and involuntary functions caused by trauma, a surgical operation, or excessive sudden emotional disturbance: (coll.) a sudden attack of paralysis, a stroke: an electrical stimulant to sensory nerves, &c.: any very strong emotion.—v.t. to shake by violence: to offend: to disgust: to dismay.—v.i. to collide with violence.—n. Shock′er (coll.), a very sensational tale.—adj. Shock′ing, offensive, repulsive.—adv. Shock′ingly.—n. Shock′ingness. [Prof. Skeat explains M. E. schokken, to shock, as from O. Fr. choc, a shock, choquer, to give a shock—Old High Ger. scoc, a shock, shaking movement. Cf. A.S. scóc, pa.t. of sceacan, to shake.]

  2. Shock

    shok, n. a heap or pile of sheaves of corn.—v.t. to make up into shocks or stooks.—n. Shock′er. [M. E. schokke—Old Dut. schocke.]

  3. Shock

    shok, n. a dog with long, shaggy hair: a mass of shaggy hair.—n. Shock′-dog, a rough-haired dog, a poodle.—adjs. Shock′-head, -ed, having a thick and bushy head of hair. [A variant of shag.]

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Shock

    A pathological condition that can suddenly affect the hemodynamic equilibrium, usually manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.

Suggested Resources

  1. shock

    Song lyrics by shock -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by shock on the Lyrics.com website.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'shock' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2487

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'shock' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2743

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'shock' in Nouns Frequency: #1021

How to pronounce shock?

How to say shock in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of shock in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of shock in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of shock in a Sentence

  1. Jamie Squire/Getty Images:

    I think it's going to be close. I don't know if they have enough magic left. I mean, what they've done to get here, it's been a shock. There's so much talent on that LA Rams team. There is so much depth. There’s so much star power. There’s game-changers, jalen Ramsey can change the game in one interception for a touchdown. Aaron Donald can change the game in one sack. Von Miller has taken over a Super Bowl (in the past). They have so many game-changing, game-wrecking players everywhere. There’s so many players in that defense, and it’s tough to overcome.

  2. Elizabeth Gaskell:

    My heart burnt within me with indignation and grief; we could think of nothing else. All night long we had only snatches of sleep, waking up perpetually to the sense of a great shock and grief. Every one is feeling the same. I never knew so universal a feeling.

  3. Michael Madsen:

    I am in shock as my son, whom I just spoke with a few days ago, said he was happy — my last text from him was 'I love you dad,' i didn't see any signs of depression.

  4. Bill Bateman:

    It was a complete shock. Complete shock.

  5. Don Henley:

    We are all in a state of shock, disbelief and profound sorrow, i'm not sure I believe in fate, but I know that crossing paths with Glenn Lewis Frey in 1970 changed my life forever, and it eventually had an impact on the lives of millions of other people all over the planet.

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Translations for shock

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    a protective covering (as for a knife or sword)
    • A. secession
    • B. leaven
    • C. sheath
    • D. scholastic

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