What does scopolamine mean?

Definitions for scopolamine
skəˈpɒl əˌmin, -mɪn, ˌskoʊ pəˈlæm ɪnscopo·lamine

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word scopolamine.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. scopolamine, hyoscinenoun

    an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures

    "transdermal scopolamine is used to treat motion sickness"; "someone sedated with scopolamine has difficulty lying"

Wiktionary

  1. scopolaminenoun

    A tropane alkaloid obtained from plants of the nightshade family, used as a sedative, to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils for ophthalmic examination.

Wikipedia

  1. Scopolamine

    Scopolamine, also known as hyoscine, or Devil's Breath, is a natural or synthetically produced tropane alkaloid and anticholinergic drug that is formally used as a medication for treating motion sickness and postoperative nausea and vomiting. It is also sometimes used before surgery to decrease saliva. When used by injection, effects begin after about 20 minutes and last for up to 8 hours. It may also be used orally and as a transdermal patch since it has been long known to have transdermal bioavailability.Scopolamine is in the antimuscarinic family of drugs and works by blocking some of the effects of acetylcholine within the nervous system. Scopolamine was first written about in 1881 and started to be used for anesthesia around 1900. Scopolamine is also the main active component produced by certain plants of the nightshade family, which historically have been used as psychoactive drugs (known as deliriants) due to their antimuscarinic-induced hallucinogenic effects in higher doses. In these contexts, its mind-altering effects have been utilized for recreational, criminal and occult purposes. The name "scopolamine" is derived from one type of nightshade known as Scopolia, while the name "hyoscine" is derived from another type known as Hyoscyamus niger. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines.

ChatGPT

  1. scopolamine

    Scopolamine is a type of drug known as an anticholinergic. It works by blocking the action of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter in the brain. It's used to treat various forms of nausea, vomiting, and dizziness, specifically motion sickness and post-operative nausea and vomiting. This drug also has an effect on the respiratory system and may be used to reduce secretions in the lungs. In addition, scopolamine is used in cognitive research to temporarily induce memory deficits as a model of Alzheimer's disease. It is usually administered via patches placed behind the ear, oral tablets, or injections. Its potential side effects include drowsiness, dry mouth, blurred vision, and urinary retention.

Wikidata

  1. Scopolamine

    Scopolamine, also known as levo-duboisine and hyoscine, sold as Scopoderm, is a tropane alkaloid drug with muscarinic antagonist effects. It is among the secondary metabolites of plants from Solanaceae family of plants, such as henbane, jimson weed, angel's trumpets, and corkwood. Scopolamine exerts its effects by acting as a competitive antagonist at muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, specifically M1 receptors; it is thus classified as an anticholinergic, antimuscarinic drug. Although scopolamine is a dangerous drug, its anticholinergic properties give it some legitimate medical applications in very minute doses. As an example, in the treatment of motion sickness, the dose, gradually released from a transdermal patch, is only 330 micrograms per day. In rare cases, unusual reactions to ordinary doses of scopolamine have occurred, including confusion, agitation, rambling speech, hallucinations, paranoid behaviors, and delusions. Scopolamine is named after the plant genus Scopolia. The name "hyoscine" is from the scientific name for henbane, Hyoscyamus niger.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Scopolamine

    An alkaloid from SOLANACEAE, especially DATURA and SCOPOLIA. Scopolamine and its quaternary derivatives act as antimuscarinics like ATROPINE, but may have more central nervous system effects. Among the many uses are as an anesthetic premedication, in URINARY INCONTINENCE, in MOTION SICKNESS, as an antispasmodic, and as a mydriatic and cycloplegic.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of scopolamine in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of scopolamine in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

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"scopolamine." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 21 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/scopolamine>.

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