What does schizophrenia mean?

Definitions for schizophrenia
ˌskɪt səˈfri ni ə, -ˈfrin yəschizophre·ni·a

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word schizophrenia.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. schizophrenia, schizophrenic disorder, schizophrenic psychosis, dementia praecoxnoun

    any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact

Wiktionary

  1. schizophrenianoun

    A psychiatric diagnosis denoting a persistent, often chronic, mental illness variously affecting behavior, thinking, and emotion.

  2. schizophrenianoun

    Any condition in which disparate or mutually exclusive activities coexist.

Wikipedia

  1. Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by continuous or relapsing episodes of psychosis. Major symptoms include hallucinations (typically hearing voices), delusions, and disorganized thinking. Other symptoms include social withdrawal, decreased emotional expression, and apathy. Symptoms typically develop gradually, begin during young adulthood, and in many cases never become resolved. There is no objective diagnostic test; diagnosis is based on observed behavior, a psychiatric history that includes the person's reported experiences, and reports of others familiar with the person. To be diagnosed with schizophrenia, symptoms and functional impairment need to be present for six months (DSM-5) or one month (ICD-11). Many people with schizophrenia have other mental disorders, especially substance use disorders, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, and obsessive–compulsive disorder.About 0.3% to 0.7% of people are diagnosed with schizophrenia during their lifetime. In 2017, there were an estimated 1.1 million new cases and in 2022 a total of 24 million cases globally. Males are more often affected and on average have an earlier onset. The causes of schizophrenia include genetic and environmental factors. Genetic factors include a variety of common and rare genetic variants. Possible environmental factors include being raised in a city, childhood adversity, cannabis use during adolescence, infections, the ages of a person's mother or father, and poor nutrition during pregnancy.About half of those diagnosed with schizophrenia will have a significant improvement over the long term with no further relapses, and a small proportion of these will recover completely. The other half will have a lifelong impairment. In severe cases people may be admitted to hospitals. Social problems such as long-term unemployment, poverty, homelessness, exploitation, and victimization are commonly correlated with schizophrenia. Compared to the general population, people with schizophrenia have a higher suicide rate (about 5% overall) and more physical health problems, leading to an average decrease in life expectancy by 20 to 28 years. In 2015, an estimated 17,000 deaths were linked to schizophrenia.The mainstay of treatment is antipsychotic medication, along with counseling, job training, and social rehabilitation. Up to a third of people do not respond to initial antipsychotics, in which case clozapine may be used. In a network comparative meta-analysis of 15 antipsychotic drugs, clozapine was significantly more effective than all other drugs, although clozapine's heavily multimodal action may cause more side effects. In situations where doctors judge that there is a risk of harm to self or others, they may impose short involuntary hospitalization. Long-term hospitalization is used on a small number of people with severe schizophrenia. In some countries where supportive services are limited or unavailable, long-term hospital stays are more common.

ChatGPT

  1. schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. It is characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotions, language, sense of self, and behavior. Common symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, disordered thinking and speech, and impaired cognitive abilities. Although it can be managed with treatment, schizophrenia often involves chronic issues with behavior and emotion, and often disrupts a person's ability to function normally in their daily life. The illness may not be as common as other mental disorders, but the symptoms can be very disabling. The specific causes are still not known, but it is thought to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and brain chemistry factors.

Wikidata

  1. Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and by a deficit of typical emotional responses. Common symptoms include auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction. The onset of symptoms typically occurs in young adulthood, with a global lifetime prevalence of about 0.3–0.7%. Diagnosis is based on observed behavior and the patient's reported experiences. Genetics, early environment, neurobiology, and psychological and social processes appear to be important contributory factors; some recreational and prescription drugs appear to cause or worsen symptoms. Current research is focused on the role of neurobiology, although no single isolated organic cause has been found. The many possible combinations of symptoms have triggered debate about whether the diagnosis represents a single disorder or a number of discrete syndromes. Despite the etymology of the term from the Greek roots skhizein and phrēn, phren-, schizophrenia does not imply a "split personality", or "multiple personality disorder" —a condition with which it is often confused in public perception. Rather, the term means a "splitting of mental functions", because of the symptomatic presentation of the illness.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Schizophrenia

    A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.

How to pronounce schizophrenia?

How to say schizophrenia in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of schizophrenia in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of schizophrenia in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

Examples of schizophrenia in a Sentence

  1. Carsten Hjorthøj:

    I think it is highly important to use both our study and other studies to highlight and emphasize that cannabis use is not harmless, there is, unfortunately, evidence to suggest that cannabis is increasingly seen as a somewhat harmless substance. This is unfortunate, since we see links with schizophrenia, poorer cognitive function, substance use disorders, etc.

  2. Ronald David Laing:

    There is no such condition as schizophrenia, but the label is a social fact and the social fact a political event.

  3. Alessio Fasano:

    There is a possibility that some groups of individuals with other chronic inflammatory conditions, including autoimmune diseases like diabetes or multiple sclerosis, of course autism ... and schizophrenia ... there could be a subgroup of these individuals that could benefit from embracing a gluten-free diet, for schizophrenia, for example, we're talking about 20% or 25%. That's not a trivial number.

  4. Thomas Szasz:

    If you talk to God, you are praying. If God talks to you, you have schizophrenia.

  5. The CDC:

    Having mood disorders, including depression, and schizophrenia spectrum disorders can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

schizophrenia#10000#15788#100000

Translations for schizophrenia

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for schizophrenia »

Translation

Find a translation for the schizophrenia definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:


Citation

Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"schizophrenia." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 24 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/schizophrenia>.

Discuss these schizophrenia definitions with the community:

0 Comments

    Are we missing a good definition for schizophrenia? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Image or illustration of

    schizophrenia

    Credit »

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Browse Definitions.net

    Quiz

    Are you a words master?

    »
    separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument
    A abash
    B loom
    C cleave
    D denudate

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for schizophrenia: