What does sand mean?

Definitions for sand
sænd; Fr. sɑ̃d, sɑ̃sand

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word sand.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. sandnoun

    a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral

  2. Sand, George Sand, Amandine Aurore Lucie Dupin, Baroness Dudevantnoun

    French writer known for works concerning women's rights and independence (1804-1876)

  3. backbone, grit, guts, moxie, sand, gumptionverb

    fortitude and determination

    "he didn't have the guts to try it"

  4. sandpaper, sandverb

    rub with sandpaper

    "sandpaper the wooden surface"


  1. sandnoun

    Rock that is ground more finely than gravel, but is not as fine as silt (more formally, see grain sizes chart), forming beaches and deserts and also used in construction.

  2. sandnoun

    A beach or other expanse of sand.

    The Canadian tar sands are a promising source of oil.

  3. sandnoun

    Personal courage (used before or around 1920s).

  4. sandnoun

    A particle from 62.5 microns to 2 mm in diameter, following the Wentworth scale.

  5. sandverb

    To abrade the surface of (something) with sand or sandpaper in order to smooth or clean it.

  6. sandverb

    To cover with sand.

  7. sandadjective

    Of a light beige colour, like that of typical sand.

  8. Etymology: See the verb sendan

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. SANDnoun

    Etymology: sand, Danish and Dutch.

    That finer matter called sand, is no other than very small pebbles. John Woodward.

    Here i’ th’ sands
    Thee I’ll rake up, the post unsanctified. William Shakespeare, K. Lear.

    Hark, the fatal followers do pursue!
    The sands are number’d that make up my life:
    Here must I stay, and here my life must end. William Shakespeare, H. VI.

    Sand hath always its root in clay, and there be no veins of sand any great depth within the earth. Francis Bacon.

    Calling for more paper to rescribe, king Philip shewed him the difference betwixt the ink box and sand box. James Howell.

    If quicksilver be put into a convenient glass vessel, and that vessel exactly stopped, and kept for ten weeks in a sand furnace, whose heat may be constant, the corpuscles that constitute the quicksilver will, after innumerable revolutions, be so connected to one another, that they will appear in the form of a red powder. Boyle.

    Engag’d with money bags, as bold
    As men with sand bags did of old. Hudibras.

    The force of water casts gold out from the bowels of mountains, and exposes it among the sands of rivers. Dryden.

    Shells are found in the great sand pit at Woolwich. John Woodward.

    Celia and I, the other day,
    Walk’d o’er the sand hills to the sea. Matthew Prior.

    Most of his army being slain, he, with a few of his friends, sought to save themselves by flight over the desert sands. Richard Knolles.

    Her sons spread
    Beneath Gibraltar to the Lybian sands. John Milton.


  1. sand

    Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock, mineral particles, and other geological materials ranging in particle size from 0.063 to 2 millimeters. It is typically found in non-cohesive deposits in deserts, riverbeds, beaches, and oceans. It is often composed of silica, but can also contain other materials such as coral, rock, and shell fragments.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Sandnoun

    fine particles of stone, esp. of siliceous stone, but not reduced to dust; comminuted stone in the form of loose grains, which are not coherent when wet

  2. Sandnoun

    a single particle of such stone

  3. Sandnoun

    the sand in the hourglass; hence, a moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life

  4. Sandnoun

    tracts of land consisting of sand, like the deserts of Arabia and Africa; also, extensive tracts of sand exposed by the ebb of the tide

  5. Sandnoun

    courage; pluck; grit

  6. Sandverb

    to sprinkle or cover with sand

  7. Sandverb

    to drive upon the sand

  8. Sandverb

    to bury (oysters) beneath drifting sand or mud

  9. Sandverb

    to mix with sand for purposes of fraud; as, to sand sugar

  10. Etymology: [AS. sand; akin to D. zand, G. sand, OHG. sant, Icel. sandr, Dan. & Sw. sand, Gr. .]


  1. Sand

    Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles. The composition of sand is highly variable, depending on the local rock sources and conditions, but the most common constituent of sand in inland continental settings and non-tropical coastal settings is silica, usually in the form of quartz. The second most common form of sand is calcium carbonate, for example aragonite, which has mostly been created, over the past half billion years, by various forms of life, like coral and shellfish. It is, for example, the primary form of sand apparent in areas where reefs have dominated the ecosystem for millions of years like the Caribbean.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Sand

    sand, n. fine particles of crushed or worn rocks, used in founding: force of character: (pl.) lands covered with sand: a sandy beach: moments of time, from the use of sand in the hour-glass.—v.t. to sprinkle with sand.—ns. Sand′-bag (fort.), a canvas bag filled with sand or earth, forming a ready means of giving cover against an enemy's fire, or of tamping the charge in a mine: an engraver's leather cushion, &c.; Sand′-bag′ger, a robber who uses a sand-bag to stun his victims; Sand′-ball, a ball of soap mixed with fine sand for the toilet; Sand′-band, a guard-ring to keep sand from working into the axle-box; Sand′-bank, a bank of sand formed by tides and currents; Sand′-bath, a vessel of hot sand for heating vessels without direct exposure to the fire: a bath in which the body is covered with warm sea-sand: saburration; Sand′-bear, the Indian badger; Sand′-bed, the bed into which the iron from the blast-furnace is run; Sand′-bird, a sandpiper: a shore bird; Sand′-blast, sand driven by a blast of air or steam for cutting and engraving figures on glass or metal.—adj. Sand′-blind, afflicted with partial blindness, in which particles of sand seem to float before the eyes.—ns. Sand′-blind′ness; Sand′-blow′er, a sand bellows; Sand′-box, a box with a perforated top for sprinkling sand on writing, a contrivance formerly used by way of blotting-paper: a box with sand to prevent the wheels of a rail from slipping; Sand′-brake, a device for stopping trains automatically; Sand′-bug, a burrowing crustacean: a digger-wasp; Sand′-bur, a weed found in the plains of the western United States; Sand′-canal′, the stone canal of an echinoderm; Sand′-cherr′y, the dwarf cherry; Sand′-cock, the redshank; Sand′-crab, the lady-crab; Sand′-crack, a crack in a horse's hoof: a crack in a moulded brick before burning; Sand′-crick′et, a name applied to certain large crickets in the western United States; Sand′-dab, a kind of plaice; Sand′-dart, a British noctuid moth; Sand′-dart′er, -div′er, a small etheostomine fish of the Ohio valley; Sand′-doll′ar, a flat sea-urchin; Sand′-drift, a mound of drifted sand; Sand′-dune, a ridge of loose sand drifted by the wind.—adj. Sand′ed (Shak.), marked with yellow spots: sprinkled with sand: short-sighted.—ns. Sand′-eel, a small eel-like fish, which buries itself in the sand when the tide retires; Sand′erling, a genus of birds of the snipe family, characterised by the absence of a hind-toe, common on the coast, eating marine worms, small crustaceans, and bivalve molluscs; Sand′-fence, a barrier in a stream of stakes and iron wire; Sand′-fish, a fish of the genus Trichodon; Sand′-flag, sandstone which splits up into flagstones; Sand′-flea, the chigoe or jigger; Sand′-flood, a moving mass of desert sand; Sand′-floun′der, a common North American flounder; Sand′-fly, a small New England biting midge; Sand′-glass, a glass instrument for measuring time by the running out of sand; Sand′-grass, grass that grows by the sea-shore; Sand′-grouse, a small order of birds, quite distinct from the true grouse, having two genera, Pterocles and Syrrhaptes, with beautiful plumage, heavy body, long and pointed wings, very short legs and toes; Sand′-heat, the heat of warm sand in chemical operations; Sand′-hill, a hill of sand; Sand′-hill crane, the brown crane of North America; Sand′-hill′er, one of the poor whites living in the sandy hills of Georgia; Sand′-hop′per, a small crustacean in the order Amphipoda, often seen on the sandy sea-shore, like swarms of dancing flies, leaping up by bending the body together, and throwing it out with a sudden jerk: a sand-flea; Sand′-horn′et, a sand-wasp; Sand′iness, sandy quality, esp. as regards colour; Sand′ing, the process of testing the surface of gilding, after it has been fired, with fine sand and water: the process of burying oysters in sand.—adj. Sand′ish (obs.).—ns. Sand′-jet (see Sand′-blast); Sand′-lark, a wading-bird that runs along the sand: a sandpiper; Sand′-liz′ard, a common lizard; Sand′-lob, the common British lug or lob worm; Sand′-mar′tin, the smallest of British swallows, which builds its nest in sandy river-banks and gravel-pits; Sand′-mā′son, a common British tube-worm; Sand′-mole, a South African rodent; Sand′-mouse, the dunlin: a sandpiper; Sand′-natt′er, a sand-snake; Sand′-pā′per, paper covered with a kind of sand for smoothing and polishing; Sand′-peep, the American stint: the peetweet; Sand′-perch, the grass-bass; Sand′piper, a wading-bird of the snipe family, which frequents sandy river-banks, distinguished by its clear piping note.—n.pl. Sand′-pipes, perpendicular cylindrical hollows, tapering to a point, occurring in chalk deposits, and so called from being usually filled with sand, gravel, or clay.—ns. Sand′-pit, a place from which sand is extracted; Sand′-plov′er, a ring-necked plover; Sand′-pride, a very small species of lamprey found in the rivers of Britain; Sand′-pump, a long cylinder with valved piston for use in drilling rocks—a Sand′-sludg′er: a sand-ejector, modified from the jet-pump, used in caissons for sinking the foundations of bridges; Sand′-rat, a geomyoid rodent, esp. the camass rat; Sand′-reed, a shore grass; Sand′-reel, a windlass used in working a sand-pump; Sand′-ridge, a sand-bank; Sand′-roll, a metal roll cast in sand; Sand′-run′ner, a sandpiper; Sand′-sau′cer, a round mass of agglutinated egg-capsules of a naticoid gasteropod, found on beaches; Sand′-scoop, a dredge for scooping up sand; Sand′-screen, a sand-sifter; Sand′-screw, an amphipod which burrows in the sand; Sand′-shark, a small voracious shark; Sand′-shot, small cast-iron balls cast in sand; Sand′-shrimp, a shrimp; Sand′-skink, a European skink found in sandy places; Sand′-skip′per, a beach flea; Sand′-snake, a short-tailed boa-like serpent; Sand′-snipe, the sandpiper; Sand′-spout, a moving pillar of sand; Sand′star, a starfish: a brittle star; Sand′-stone, a rock formed of compacted and more or less indurated sand (Old Red Sandstone, a name given to a series of strata—along with the parallel but nowhere coexisting Devonian—intermediate in age between the Silurian and Carboniferous systems); Sand′-storm, a storm of wind carrying along clouds of sand; Sand′-suck′er, the rough dab; Sand′-throw′er, a tool for throwing sand on newly sized or painted surfaces; Sand′-trap, a device for separating sand from running water; Sand′-vī′per, a hog-nosed snake; Sand′-washer, an apparatus for separating sand from earthy substances; Sand′-wasp, a digger-wasp.—v.t. Sand′-weld, to weld iron with sand.—ns. Sand′-worm, a worm that lives in the sand; Sand′-wort, any plant of the genus Arenaria.—adj. Sand′y, consisting of, or covered with, sand: loose: of the colour of sand.—n. a nick-name for a Scotsman (from Alexander).—ns. Sand′y-car′pet, a geometrid moth; Sand′y-lav′erock (Scot.), a sand-lark. [A.S. sand; Dut. zand, Ger. sand, Ice. sand-r.]

Editors Contribution

  1. sand

    A type of material.

    Sand is found on beaches and is created from rock from quarries and the earth and used for a variety of purposes.

    Submitted by MaryC on January 1, 2017  

Suggested Resources

  1. sand

    The sand symbol -- In this Symbols.com article you will learn about the meaning of the sand symbol and its characteristic.

  2. SAND

    What does SAND stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the SAND acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. SAND

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Sand is ranked #6974 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Sand surname appeared 4,810 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 2 would have the surname Sand.

    90.5% or 4,353 total occurrences were White.
    3.2% or 157 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    2.4% or 117 total occurrences were Black.
    1.8% or 87 total occurrences were Asian.
    1.1% or 53 total occurrences were of two or more races.
    0.8% or 43 total occurrences were American Indian or Alaskan Native.

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'sand' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3317

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'sand' in Written Corpus Frequency: #3437

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'sand' in Nouns Frequency: #1261

How to pronounce sand?

How to say sand in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of sand in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of sand in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of sand in a Sentence

  1. Kaleel Jamison:

    Relationships--of all kinds--are like sand held in your hand. Held loosely, with an open hand, the sand remains where it is. The minute you close your hand and squeeze tightly to hold on, the sand trickles through your fingers. You may hold onto some of it, but most will be spilled. A relationship is like that. Held loosely, with respect and freedom for the other person, it is likely to remain intact. But hold too tightly, too possessively, and the relationship slips away and is lost.

  2. Princess DianaPrince Harry:

    My way of dealing with it was sticking my head in the sand. Refusing to ever think about my mum because why would that help? It's only going to make you sad. It's not going to bring her back.

  3. Erin Seney:

    We know this because the turtles are heavy and they leave very clear tracks and other signs in the sand, she emerged from the ocean, crawled up towards the landward part of the beach and attempted to dig several, several nests.

  4. Andrew Walsh:

    We're really blessed that he was still able to get himself to shore, i was a few feet behind him, and we grabbed him and got him ... up on the sand, and very quickly these doctors were there, helping out and calling 911.

  5. Israeli Ambassador Danny Danon:

    We cannot and we will not bury our heads in the sand in the hope that the Ayatollahs act responsibly.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for sand

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    separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument
    A abash
    B abase
    C cleave
    D elaborate

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