What does rough mean?

Definitions for rough

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word rough.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. roughadjective

    the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short

  2. rough, unsmoothadjective

    having or caused by an irregular surface

    "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"

  3. roughadjective

    (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse

    "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"

  4. approximate, approximative, roughadjective

    not quite exact or correct

    "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate"

  5. rocky, roughadjective

    full of hardship or trials

    "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time"

  6. boisterous, fierce, roughadjective

    violently agitated and turbulent

    "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas"

  7. grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchyadjective

    unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound

    "a gravelly voice"

  8. pugnacious, roughadjective

    ready and able to resort to force or violence

    "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men"

  9. roughadjective

    of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped

  10. rough, rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpyadjective

    causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements

    "a rough ride"

  11. uncut, roughadjective

    not shaped by cutting or trimming

    "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones"

  12. crude, roughadjective

    not carefully or expertly made

    "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry"

  13. roughadjective

    not perfected

    "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"

  14. harsh, roughadjective

    unpleasantly stern

    "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"

  15. harsh, roughverb

    unkind or cruel or uncivil

    "had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer"

  16. rough in, rough, rough outadverb

    prepare in preliminary or sketchy form

  17. roughly, roughadverb

    with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')

    "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough"

  18. roughly, roughadverb

    with rough motion as over a rough surface

    "ride rough"


  1. roughnoun

    The unmowed part of a golf course.

  2. roughnoun

    A crude person.

  3. roughnoun

    A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.

  4. roughnoun

    The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created.

  5. roughnoun

    A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail, but larger and more detailed. Meant for artistic brainstorming and a vital step in the design process.

  6. roughverb

    To create in an approximate form.

    Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.

  7. roughverb

    To physically assault someone in retribution for something specific.

    The gangsters roughed him up a little.

  8. roughverb

    To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.

  9. roughadjective

    Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.

  10. roughadjective


    A rough estimate.

  11. roughadjective


    The sea was rough.

  12. roughadjective

    Difficult; trying.

    Being a teenager these days can be rough.

  13. roughadjective

    Crude; unrefined

    His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.

  14. roughadjective

    Violent; not careful or subtle

    This box has been through some rough handling.

  15. Etymology: From ruh, cognate with West Frisian rûch, Low German rug.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary


  1. Rough

    Rough (Hangul: 시간을 달려서; RR: sigan-eul dallyeoseo) is a song recorded by South Korean girl group GFriend for their third extended play, Snowflake (2016). The song was released by Source Music on January 25, 2016, as the EP title track. The song topped the Gaon Digital Chart and was the most download song in 2016 with 1,903,126 downloads sold.


  1. rough

    Rough generally refers to a surface or texture that is not smooth or even, often due to uneven or coarse features. It can also describe an approximate or crude matter, something that is difficult or challenging, or describe behavior that is rude, harsh or unkind. The term tends to describe lack of refinement or sophistication in various contexts.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Roughnoun

    having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth

  2. Roughnoun

    not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road

  3. Roughnoun

    not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond

  4. Roughnoun

    tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water

  5. Roughnoun

    marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat

  6. Roughnoun

    hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish

  7. Roughnoun

    not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper

  8. Roughnoun

    marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions

  9. Roughnoun

    loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers

  10. Roughnoun

    austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine

  11. Roughnoun

    tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day

  12. Roughnoun

    hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught

  13. Roughnoun

    produced offhand

  14. Roughnoun

    boisterous weather

  15. Roughnoun

    a rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy

  16. Roughadverb

    in a rough manner; rudely; roughly

  17. Roughverb

    to render rough; to roughen

  18. Roughverb

    to break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes

  19. Roughverb

    to cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch

  20. Etymology: [OE. rou, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. rh; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. rh, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. 18. Cf. Rug, n.]


  1. Rough

    Rough is a romantic comedy swimming manga by Mitsuru Adachi. It was published by Shogakukan in Weekly Shōnen Sunday from 1987 to 1989, and collected in 12 tankōbon volumes. The series was adapted into a live action film in 2006, released in Japan by Toho. The story is about high school student Keisuke Yamato, a 100 m freestyle swimmer, and Ami Ninomiya, the diver he falls in love with. Their families own rival confectionery stores, and Ami hates Keisuke's family because she believes her grandfather was driven to an early death because of the Yamato "horned owl" manju, which outsold her family's owl manju because it had ears, making it larger.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Rough

    ruf, adj. not smooth: uneven: uncut: unpolished: unfinished: boisterous: tempestuous: violent: harsh: severe: rude: coarse: disordered in appearance: hasty, as a rough guess: stale: astringent: in Greek grammar, marking the stronger aspiration, equivalent to Eng. h.—n. rough condition, crudeness: a piece inserted in a horse's shoe to keep him from slipping: a bully, a ruffian, a rowdy.—v.t. to make rough: to roughen a horse's shoes to keep him from slipping: to shape roughly: to roughen.—v.i. to break the rules in boxing by too great violence.—n. Rough′age, coarse material for bedding cattle, &c.—adj. Rough′-billed, having a rough, horny excrescence on the beak.—v.t. Rough′-cast, to mould in a rough, unfinished way: to form anything in its first rudiments.—n. a rude model: a form in its rudiments: a kind of semi-fluid mortar containing fine gravel, thrown in a thin coating on outer walls.—vs.t. Rough′-cull, to cull oysters hastily; Rough′-draft, -draw, to trace roughly; Rough′-dry, to dry without smoothing.—adj. dry without having been smoothed.—v.t. Rough′en, to make rough.—v.i. to become rough.—n. Rough′er, a workman who shapes something preparatory to a finishing operation: a piece of woollen cloth in preparation for fulling.—adjs. Rough′-foot′ed, having feathered feet, as a grouse; Rough′-grained, coarse-grained.—v.t. Rough′-grind, to grind roughly.—n. Rough′-head, the iguanoid lizard.—v.t. Rough′-hew, to hew coarsely: (Shak.) to give to anything the first appearance of form.—n. Rough′-hew′er.—p.adj. Rough′-hewn, not yet nicely finished: unpolished: unrefined.—ns. Rough′-hound, the dogfish: a kind of shark; Rough′ie (Scot.), dried heath; Rough′ing-mill, a metal disc charged with wet emery, &c., for grinding gems.—adjs. Rough′ish, rather rough; Rough′-legged, having legs covered with feathers.—adv. Rough′ly, coarsely: harshly: rudely.—ns. Rough′ness, crudeness: rawness: harshness: asperity: physical or mental rudeness: (U.S.) fodder consisting of dried corn-stalks: (Scot.) plenty, esp. of food.—adj. Rough′-per′fect, of an actor when nearly perfect in the memorising of a part.—ns. Rough′-rid′er, one who rides rough or untrained horses: a horse-breaker; Rough′-scuff, a coarse fellow: the rabble.—adj. Rough′-shod, shod with roughened shoes, as a horse in frosty weather.—n. Rough′-slant, a shed partially enclosed, for shelter.—adj. Rough′-spun, rude, homely.—ns. Rough′-string, one of the supports for the steps of a wooden stairway; Rough′-stuff, coarse paint laid on after the priming, and before the finish; Rough′-tail, a shield-tail snake.—adj. Rough′-tailed.—n. Rough′-wing, a British moth: a rough-winged swallow.—adj. Rough′-winged.—v.t. Rough′-work, to work over hastily without attention to execution in detail—also n.Rough and ready, rough in manner but prompt in action; Rough and tumble, said of fighting in any style or by any means: indiscriminate, confused, not too particular about decorum, fairness, &c.; Rough diamond (see Diamond); Rough it, to take what comes.—Cut up rough, to become quarrelsome or violent; In the rough, in an unwrought or rude condition; Ride rough-shod (see Ride). [A.S. rúh, rough; Ger. rauch, rauh, Dut. ruig.]

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. ROUGH

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Rough is ranked #31516 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Rough surname appeared 734 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Rough.

    89.9% or 660 total occurrences were White.
    3.9% or 29 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    2% or 15 total occurrences were Asian.
    2% or 15 total occurrences were American Indian or Alaskan Native.
    1% or 8 total occurrences were Black.
    0.9% or 7 total occurrences were of two or more races.

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3126

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2032

  3. Adjectives Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Adjectives Frequency: #390

How to pronounce rough?

How to say rough in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of rough in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of rough in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of rough in a Sentence

  1. Yasir Batalvi:

    I actually had some pretty significant symptoms after I got the second dose, that evening was rough. I mean, I developed a low-grade fever and fatigue and chills.

  2. Bryson DeChambeau:

    If I can figure out how to make that driver go straight and figure out the jumpers out of the rough, it would be awesome, i just can't figure it out.

  3. Michael McCarthy:

    It's been a very rough week and so it's not impossible people are locking in ahead of the weekend, i would also point out that in the context of the recent moves it's not really a major move.

  4. Lexi Thompson:

    It was a bit of a rough day, i got off to a pretty bad start. Just overall wasnt as comfortable, I guess, over my shots.

  5. Nicholas Chamfort:

    An economist is a surgeon with an excellent scalpel and a rough-edged lancet, who operates beautifully on the dead and tortures the living.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for rough

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • خشنArabic
  • tosc, difícil, aproximat, rude, quasi, aspreCatalan, Valencian
  • neomalený, surový, bouřlivý, hrubý, nepříjemný, raf (vyšší tráva kolem fairwaye)Czech
  • ruDanish
  • rau, grob, RoughGerman
  • τραχύςGreek
  • malglataEsperanto
  • rudo, difícil, tosco, turbulento, casi, aproximado, aproximativo, ásperoSpanish
  • kare, ligilähedaneEstonian
  • زبر, زمخت, خشنPersian
  • kova, karkea, luonnostella, murjoa, aallokkoinen, rosoinen, väkivaltainen, hahmotella, kuoppainen, pahoinpidellä, väkivaltaisuus, karhea, karheikko, raffiFinnish
  • approximatif, rugueux, ébaucher, brutaliser, difficile, brut, rude, malmener, brutalFrench
  • rûchWestern Frisian
  • garbh, eascaoinIrish
  • असभ्यHindi
  • műveletlen, kemény, durva, nehéz, faragatlan, zord, hozzávetőleges, érdes, nyers, egyenetlenHungarian
  • կոպիտArmenian
  • kasarIndonesian
  • asperaIdo
  • difficile, approssimato, rugoso, rude, mosso, scabro, ruvidoItalian
  • מְחוּספָּסHebrew
  • 粗野, でこぼこJapanese
  • ಒರಟುKannada
  • 거친Korean
  • دڕKurdish
  • asper, rudisLatin
  • šiurkštusLithuanian
  • ass, raupjš, rupjš, negludsLatvian
  • kōkau, tuarangarangaMāori
  • ကြမ်းBurmese
  • ruig, ruwDutch
  • ujevnNorwegian
  • surowyPolish
  • ásperoPortuguese
  • dur, aspruRomanian
  • тяжёлый, грубый, трудный, жёсткий, шероховатый, суровый, черновой, приблизительный, бурный, примерныйRussian
  • ojämnSwedish
  • கரடுமுரடானTamil
  • గరుకు, సుమారు, కష్టమైన, ఉరామరికTelugu
  • ขรุขระThai
  • kabaTurkish
  • грубийUkrainian
  • کسی نہ کسی طرحUrdu
  • thôVietnamese
  • פּראָסטYiddish

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    incapable of being atoned for
    A inexpiable
    B flabby
    C dicotyledonous
    D currish

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