What does rough mean?

Definitions for rough

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word rough.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. rough(adj)

    the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short

  2. rough, unsmooth(adj)

    having or caused by an irregular surface

    "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"

  3. rough(adj)

    (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse

    "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"

  4. approximate, approximative, rough(adj)

    not quite exact or correct

    "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate"

  5. rocky, rough(adj)

    full of hardship or trials

    "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time"

  6. boisterous, fierce, rough(adj)

    violently agitated and turbulent

    "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas"

  7. grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchy(adj)

    unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound

    "a gravelly voice"

  8. pugnacious, rough(adj)

    ready and able to resort to force or violence

    "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men"

  9. rough(adj)

    of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped

  10. rough, rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpy(adj)

    causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements

    "a rough ride"

  11. uncut, rough(adj)

    not shaped by cutting or trimming

    "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones"

  12. crude, rough(adj)

    not carefully or expertly made

    "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry"

  13. rough(adj)

    not perfected

    "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"

  14. harsh, rough(adj)

    unpleasantly stern

    "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"

  15. harsh, rough(verb)

    unkind or cruel or uncivil

    "had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer"

  16. rough in, rough, rough out(adverb)

    prepare in preliminary or sketchy form

  17. roughly, rough(adverb)

    with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')

    "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough"

  18. roughly, rough(adverb)

    with rough motion as over a rough surface

    "ride rough"


  1. rough(Noun)

    The unmowed part of a golf course.

  2. rough(Noun)

    A crude person.

  3. rough(Noun)

    A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.

  4. rough(Noun)

    The raw material from which faceted or cabochon gems are created.

  5. rough(Noun)

    A quick sketch, similar to a thumbnail, but larger and more detailed. Meant for artistic brainstorming and a vital step in the design process.

  6. rough(Verb)

    To create in an approximate form.

    Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.

  7. rough(Verb)

    To physically assault someone in retribution for something specific.

    The gangsters roughed him up a little.

  8. rough(Verb)

    To commit the offense of roughing, i.e. to punch another player.

  9. rough(Adjective)

    Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.

  10. rough(Adjective)


    A rough estimate.

  11. rough(Adjective)


    The sea was rough.

  12. rough(Adjective)

    Difficult; trying.

    Being a teenager these days can be rough.

  13. rough(Adjective)

    Crude; unrefined

    His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.

  14. rough(Adjective)

    Violent; not careful or subtle

    This box has been through some rough handling.

  15. Origin: From ruh, cognate with West Frisian rûch, Low German rug.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Rough(noun)

    having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth

  2. Rough(noun)

    not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road

  3. Rough(noun)

    not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond

  4. Rough(noun)

    tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water

  5. Rough(noun)

    marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat

  6. Rough(noun)

    hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish

  7. Rough(noun)

    not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper

  8. Rough(noun)

    marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions

  9. Rough(noun)

    loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers

  10. Rough(noun)

    austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine

  11. Rough(noun)

    tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day

  12. Rough(noun)

    hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught

  13. Rough(noun)

    produced offhand

  14. Rough(noun)

    boisterous weather

  15. Rough(noun)

    a rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy

  16. Rough(adverb)

    in a rough manner; rudely; roughly

  17. Rough(verb)

    to render rough; to roughen

  18. Rough(verb)

    to break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes

  19. Rough(verb)

    to cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch

  20. Origin: [OE. rou, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. rh; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. rh, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. 18. Cf. Rug, n.]


  1. Rough

    Rough is a romantic comedy swimming manga by Mitsuru Adachi. It was published by Shogakukan in Weekly Shōnen Sunday from 1987 to 1989, and collected in 12 tankōbon volumes. The series was adapted into a live action film in 2006, released in Japan by Toho. The story is about high school student Keisuke Yamato, a 100 m freestyle swimmer, and Ami Ninomiya, the diver he falls in love with. Their families own rival confectionery stores, and Ami hates Keisuke's family because she believes her grandfather was driven to an early death because of the Yamato "horned owl" manju, which outsold her family's owl manju because it had ears, making it larger.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Rough

    ruf, adj. not smooth: uneven: uncut: unpolished: unfinished: boisterous: tempestuous: violent: harsh: severe: rude: coarse: disordered in appearance: hasty, as a rough guess: stale: astringent: in Greek grammar, marking the stronger aspiration, equivalent to Eng. h.—n. rough condition, crudeness: a piece inserted in a horse's shoe to keep him from slipping: a bully, a ruffian, a rowdy.—v.t. to make rough: to roughen a horse's shoes to keep him from slipping: to shape roughly: to roughen.—v.i. to break the rules in boxing by too great violence.—n. Rough′age, coarse material for bedding cattle, &c.—adj. Rough′-billed, having a rough, horny excrescence on the beak.—v.t. Rough′-cast, to mould in a rough, unfinished way: to form anything in its first rudiments.—n. a rude model: a form in its rudiments: a kind of semi-fluid mortar containing fine gravel, thrown in a thin coating on outer walls.—vs.t. Rough′-cull, to cull oysters hastily; Rough′-draft, -draw, to trace roughly; Rough′-dry, to dry without smoothing.—adj. dry without having been smoothed.—v.t. Rough′en, to make rough.—v.i. to become rough.—n. Rough′er, a workman who shapes something preparatory to a finishing operation: a piece of woollen cloth in preparation for fulling.—adjs. Rough′-foot′ed, having feathered feet, as a grouse; Rough′-grained, coarse-grained.—v.t. Rough′-grind, to grind roughly.—n. Rough′-head, the iguanoid lizard.—v.t. Rough′-hew, to hew coarsely: (Shak.) to give to anything the first appearance of form.—n. Rough′-hew′er.—p.adj. Rough′-hewn, not yet nicely finished: unpolished: unrefined.—ns. Rough′-hound, the dogfish: a kind of shark; Rough′ie (Scot.), dried heath; Rough′ing-mill, a metal disc charged with wet emery, &c., for grinding gems.—adjs. Rough′ish, rather rough; Rough′-legged, having legs covered with feathers.—adv. Rough′ly, coarsely: harshly: rudely.—ns. Rough′ness, crudeness: rawness: harshness: asperity: physical or mental rudeness: (U.S.) fodder consisting of dried corn-stalks: (Scot.) plenty, esp. of food.—adj. Rough′-per′fect, of an actor when nearly perfect in the memorising of a part.—ns. Rough′-rid′er, one who rides rough or untrained horses: a horse-breaker; Rough′-scuff, a coarse fellow: the rabble.—adj. Rough′-shod, shod with roughened shoes, as a horse in frosty weather.—n. Rough′-slant, a shed partially enclosed, for shelter.—adj. Rough′-spun, rude, homely.—ns. Rough′-string, one of the supports for the steps of a

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3126

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2032

  3. Adjectives Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'rough' in Adjectives Frequency: #390

How to pronounce rough?

  1. Alex
    US English

How to say rough in sign language?

  1. rough


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of rough in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of rough in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of rough in a Sentence

  1. Ron Howard:

    It's been a rough time.

  2. Elijah EJayy DeVaughn:

    It was a struggle. It was rough.

  3. Will Reiter:

    It's a pretty rough scene up here.

  4. Governor Bruce Rauner:

    We're going to have a rough summer.

  5. Dina Mays:

    I'm not going to sugarcoat it. It's rough.

Images & Illustrations of rough

  1. roughroughroughroughrough

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for rough

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • خشنArabic
  • tosc, difícil, aproximat, rude, quasi, aspreCatalan, Valencian
  • neomalený, surový, bouřlivý, hrubý, nepříjemný, raf (vyšší tráva kolem fairwaye)Czech
  • rau, grob, RoughGerman
  • rudo, difícil, tosco, turbulento, casi, aproximado, aproximativo, ásperoSpanish
  • kare, ligilähedaneEstonian
  • زبر, زمخت, خشنPersian
  • kova, karkea, luonnostella, murjoa, aallokkoinen, rosoinen, väkivaltainen, hahmotella, kuoppainen, pahoinpidellä, väkivaltaisuus, karhea, karheikko, raffiFinnish
  • approximatif, rugueux, ébaucher, brutaliser, difficile, brut, rude, malmener, brutalFrench
  • rûchWestern Frisian
  • garbh, eascaoinIrish
  • असभ्यHindi
  • műveletlen, kemény, durva, nehéz, faragatlan, zord, hozzávetőleges, érdes, nyers, egyenetlenHungarian
  • asperaIdo
  • difficile, approssimato, rugoso, rude, mosso, scabro, ruvidoItalian
  • 粗野, でこぼこJapanese
  • 거친Korean
  • دڕKurdish
  • asper, rudisLatin
  • šiurkštusLithuanian
  • ass, raupjš, rupjš, negludsLatvian
  • kōkau, tuarangarangaMāori
  • ကြမ်းBurmese
  • ruig, ruwDutch
  • ásperoPortuguese
  • dur, aspruRomanian
  • тяжёлый, грубый, трудный, жёсткий, шероховатый, суровый, черновой, приблизительный, бурный, примерныйRussian
  • ojämnSwedish
  • గరుకు, సుమారు, కష్టమైన, ఉరామరికTelugu
  • کسی نہ کسی طرحUrdu

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