the part of a song where a soloist is joined by a group of singers
resist doing something
"He refrained from hitting him back"; "she could not forbear weeping"
abstain, refrain, desist(verb)
choose not to consume
"I abstain from alcohol"
to hold back; to restrain; to keep within prescribed bounds; to curb; to govern
to abstain from
to keep one's self from action or interference; to hold aloof; to forbear; to abstain
the burden of a song; a phrase or verse which recurs at the end of each of the separate stanzas or divisions of a poetic composition
Origin: [OE. refreinen, OF. refrener, F. refrner, fr. L. refrenare; influenced by OF. refraindre to restrain, moderate, fr. LL. refrangere, for L. refringere to break up, break (see Refract). L. refrenare is fr. pref. re- back + frenum bridle; cf. Skr. dh to hold.]
A refrain from Vulgar Latin refringere, "to repeat", and later from Old French refraindre) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the "chorus" of a song. Poetic fixed forms that feature refrains include the villanelle, the virelay, and the sestina. The use of refrains is particularly associated with where the verse-chorus-verse song structure typically places a refrain in almost every song. The refrain or chorus often sharply contrasts the verse melodically, rhythmically, and harmonically, and assumes a higher level of dynamics and activity, often with added instrumentation. Chorus form, or strophic form, is a sectional and/or additive way of structuring a piece of music based on the repetition of one formal section or block played repeatedly. See also verse-chorus form.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
rē-frān′, n. a burden or chorus recurring at the end of each division of a poem: the musical form to which the burden of a song is set: an after-taste or other sense impression. [O. Fr. refrain—refraindre—L. refringĕre (refrangĕre).]
rē-frān′, v.t. to curb: to restrain.—v.i. to keep from action: to forbear.—ns. Refrain′er; Refrain′ment. [O. Fr. refraindre (Fr. refréner)—Low L. refrenāre—re-, back, frenum, a bridle.]
The numerical value of refrain in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of refrain in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
To refrain from imitation is the best revenge.
To err is human to refrain from laughing, humane.
In anger we should refrain both from speech and action.
In the best interest of profession, a writer should sometimes refrain from writing.
'We must do something' is the unanimous refrain. 'You begin' is the deadening refrain.
Images & Illustrations of refrain
Translations for refrain
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- Refrain, sich zurückhalten, Abstand nehmen vonGerman
- estribillo, retenerse, abstenerseSpanish
- خودداری کردنPersian
- pidättäytyä, pidätellä, kertosäeFinnish
- refrain, se retenir, s'abstenirFrench
- sèistScottish Gaelic
- リフレーン, 差し控える, 慎むJapanese
- bedwingen, zich niet inlaten met, tegenhouden, zich onthouden van, refrein, inhoudenDutch
- tilbake, avstå, refreng, holde, avholdeNorwegian
- refrão, abster-sePortuguese
- припе́в, воздержаться, рефре́н, воздерживаться, воздерRussian
- resploe, rifrinWalloon
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