### What does **random** mean?

# Definitions for random

ˈræn dəmran·dom

#### This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word **random**.

### Princeton's WordNet

randomadjective

lacking any definite plan or order or purpose; governed by or depending on chance

"a random choice"; "bombs fell at random"; "random movements"

### GCIDE

Randomadjective

(Statistics) Of, pertaining to, or resulting from a process of selection from a starting set of items, in which the probability of selecting any one object in the starting set is equal to the probability of selecting any other.

Randomadjective

(Construction) of unequal size or shape; made from components of unequal size or shape.

### Wiktionary

randomnoun

Speed, full speed; impetuosity, force.

randomnoun

The full range of a bullet or other projectile; hence, the angle at which a weapon is tilted to allow the greatest range.

randomnoun

An undefined, unknown or unimportant person; a person of no consequence.

The party was boring. It was full of randoms.

randomadjective

Having unpredictable outcomes and, in the ideal case, all outcomes equally probable; resulting from such selection; lacking statistical correlation.

randomadjective

Of or relating to probability distribution.

A toss of loaded dice is still random, though biased.

randomadjective

Pseudorandom in contrast to truly random; mimicking the result of random selection.

The function generates a random number from a seed.

randomadjective

Representative and undistinguished; typical and average; selected for no particular reason.

A random American off the street couldn't tell the difference.

randomadjective

Apropos of nothing; lacking context; unexpected; having apparent lack of plan, cause or reason.

randomadjective

Characterized by or often saying random things; habitually using non sequiturs.

You're so random!

### Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

Randomadjective

Done by chance; roving without direction.

Virtue borrow’d but the arms of chance,

And struck a*random*blow! ’twas fortune’s work,

And fortune take the praise.*Dryden.*Randomnoun

Want of direction; want of rule or method; chance; hazard; roving motion.

**Etymology:**randon, Fr.Thy words at

*random*argue thy inexperience.*John Milton.*He lies at

*random*carelesly diffus’d,

With languish’d head unpropt,

As one past hope abandon’d.*John Milton.*Fond love his darts at

*random*throws,

And nothing springs from what he sows.*Edmund Waller.*The striker must be dense, and in its best velocity: the angle, which the missive is to mount by, if we will have it go to its furthest

*random,*must be the half of a right one; and the figure of the missive must be such, as may give scope to the air to bear it.*Digby.*In the days of old the birds lived at

*random*in a lawless state of anarchy; but in time they moved for the setting up of a king.*Roger L'Estrange, Fables.*Who could govern the dependance of one event upon another, if that event happened at

*random,*and was not cast into a certain relation to some foregoing purpose to direct.*South.*’Tis one thing when a person of true merit is drawn as like as we can; and another, when we make a fine thing at

*random,*and persuade the next vain creature that ’tis his own likeness.*Alexander Pope.*

### Wikipedia

random

In common usage, randomness is the apparent or actual lack of pattern or predictability in events. A random sequence of events, symbols or steps often has no order and does not follow an intelligible pattern or combination. Individual random events are, by definition, unpredictable, but if the probability distribution is known, the frequency of different outcomes over repeated events (or "trials") is predictable. For example, when throwing two dice, the outcome of any particular roll is unpredictable, but a sum of 7 will tend to occur twice as often as 4. In this view, randomness is not haphazardness; it is a measure of uncertainty of an outcome. Randomness applies to concepts of chance, probability, and information entropy. The fields of mathematics, probability, and statistics use formal definitions of randomness. In statistics, a random variable is an assignment of a numerical value to each possible outcome of an event space. This association facilitates the identification and the calculation of probabilities of the events. Random variables can appear in random sequences. A random process is a sequence of random variables whose outcomes do not follow a deterministic pattern, but follow an evolution described by probability distributions. These and other constructs are extremely useful in probability theory and the various applications of randomness. Randomness is most often used in statistics to signify well-defined statistical properties. Monte Carlo methods, which rely on random input (such as from random number generators or pseudorandom number generators), are important techniques in science, particularly in the field of computational science. By analogy, quasi-Monte Carlo methods use quasi-random number generators. Random selection, when narrowly associated with a simple random sample, is a method of selecting items (often called units) from a population where the probability of choosing a specific item is the proportion of those items in the population. For example, with a bowl containing just 10 red marbles and 90 blue marbles, a random selection mechanism would choose a red marble with probability 1/10. A random selection mechanism that selected 10 marbles from this bowl would not necessarily result in 1 red and 9 blue. In situations where a population consists of items that are distinguishable, a random selection mechanism requires equal probabilities for any item to be chosen. That is, if the selection process is such that each member of a population, say research subjects, has the same probability of being chosen, then we can say the selection process is random.According to Ramsey theory, pure randomness is impossible, especially for large structures. Mathematician Theodore Motzkin suggested that "while disorder is more probable in general, complete disorder is impossible". Misunderstanding this can lead to numerous conspiracy theories. Cristian S. Calude stated that "given the impossibility of true randomness, the effort is directed towards studying degrees of randomness". It can be proven that there is infinite hierarchy (in terms of quality or strength) of forms of randomness.

### ChatGPT

random

Random refers to a phenomenon or procedure that follows no recognizable or predictable pattern and has outcomes that cannot be precisely determined. It can refer to any event, decision, or process where the outcome is uncertain or subject to chance.

### Webster Dictionary

Randomnoun

force; violence

Randomnoun

a roving motion; course without definite direction; want of direction, rule, or method; hazard; chance; -- commonly used in the phrase at random, that is, without a settled point of direction; at hazard

Randomnoun

distance to which a missile is cast; range; reach; as, the random of a rifle ball

Randomnoun

the direction of a rake-vein

Randomadjective

going at random or by chance; done or made at hazard, or without settled direction, aim, or purpose; hazarded without previous calculation; left to chance; haphazard; as, a random guess

**Etymology:**[OE. randon, OF. randon force, violence, rapidity, randon, de randon, violently, suddenly, rapidly, prob. of German origin; cf. G. rand edge, border, OHG. rant shield, edge of a shield, akin to E. rand, n. See Rand, n.]

### Wikidata

Random

Random is a fictional character and antihero created by writer Peter David for the Marvel Comics series X-Factor. He started out as a thorn in the side of X-Factor, but he later became a reluctant ally of theirs. The mystery of his life has yet to be completely revealed.

### Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

Random

ran′dum,

*adj.*done or uttered at haphazard: left to chance: aimless—(*obs.*)**Ran′don**.—*n.*something done without aim, chance—now only in phrase,**At random**, haphazard.—*adv.***Ran′domly**, without direction: by chance. [O. Fr.*randon*, urgency, haste; from Teut.; Ger.*rand*, a brim.]

### The New Hacker's Dictionary

random

1. Unpredictable (closest to mathematical definition); weird. “The system's been behaving pretty randomly.” 2. Assorted; undistinguished. “Who was at the conference?” “Just a bunch of random business types.” 3. (pejorative) Frivolous; unproductive; undirected. “He's just a random loser.” 4. Incoherent or inelegant; poorly chosen; not well organized. “The program has a random set of misfeatures.” “That's a random name for that function.” “Well, all the names were chosen pretty randomly.” 5. In no particular order, though deterministic. “The I/O channels are in a pool, and when a file is opened one is chosen randomly.” 6. Arbitrary. “It generates a random name for the scratch file.” 7. Gratuitously wrong, i.e., poorly done and for no good apparent reason. For example, a program that handles file name defaulting in a particularly useless way, or an assembler routine that could easily have been coded using only three registers, but redundantly uses seven for values with non-overlapping lifetimes, so that no one else can invoke it without first saving four extra registers. What randomness! 8. n. A random hacker; used particularly of high-school students who soak up computer time and generally get in the way. 9. n. Anyone who is not a hacker (or, sometimes, anyone not known to the hacker speaking); the noun form of sense 2. “I went to the talk, but the audience was full of randoms asking bogus questions”. 10. n. (occasional MIT usage) One who lives at Random Hall. See also J. Random, some random X. 11. [UK] Conversationally, a non sequitur or something similarly out-of-the-blue. As in: “Stop being so random!” This sense equates to ‘hatstand’, taken from the Viz comic character “Roger Irrelevant - He's completely Hatstand.”

### Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

random

Distance to which a missile is thrown or projected; range; reach; as, the farthest random of a missile weapon.

### Suggested Resources

random

Song lyrics by random -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by random on the

**Lyrics.com**website.

### British National Corpus

Spoken Corpus Frequency

Rank popularity for the word 'random' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4731

Adjectives Frequency

Rank popularity for the word 'random' in Adjectives Frequency: #647

### Anagrams for random »

mandor

rodman

### Numerology

Chaldean Numerology

The numerical value of random in Chaldean Numerology is:

**5**Pythagorean Numerology

The numerical value of random in Pythagorean Numerology is:

**2**

### Examples of random in a Sentence

The verdict came after a two-week trial at the Scott County Courthouse in Davenport, in a case that fueled public anger against illegal immigration and concerns about

**random**violence against women.This kind of entry into the tournament should be available only for players who were dropped in the ranking due to injury, illness or other

**random**accident, not for those suspended for doping. Maria should rebuild her career in a different way, beginning with smaller events.Look, anytime I can get work out of Asia — even

**random**suggestions... that’s a huge help to the show, i’d love to have her a continuing director. I just don’t think we can afford her. But, my God, I’d love nothing more than to repeat the experience. She made it incredible.We have two people confirmed shot in

**random**acts.That is not

**random**. That is not art. That is evidence, that is a confession.

### Popularity rank by frequency of use

### References

## Translations for **random**

### From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

- willekeurigAfrikaans
- عشوائيArabic
- aleatori, fulanoCatalan, Valencian
- nesouvisející, průměrný, náhodnýCzech
- ar hapWelsh
- tilfældig, ligegyldig, overflødigDanish
- zufälligGerman
- τυχαίοςGreek
- hazardeca, aleatora, arbitra, hazardaEsperanto
- fulano, mucho quilombo, aleatorioSpanish
- juhuslik, suvaline, suvakasEstonian
- تصادفیPersian
- satunnainen, asiaankuulumaton, näennäissatunnainen, irrallinen, tavallinen, tavisFinnish
- aléatoire, sans queue ni tête, pseudo-aléatoire, inconnu, moyen, stochastique, incohérentFrench
- teagmhasach, fánachIrish
- बिना सोचे समझेHindi
- véletlenszerű, véletlenHungarian
- պատահականArmenian
- acakIndonesian
- sconosciuto, nullità, fortuito, casuale, estraneoItalian
- אַקרַאִיHebrew
- 出任せ, 任意, 勝手気まま, 野次馬, 無作為, 適当, 平均的, 不可解, ランダムJapanese
- ಯಾದೃಚ್ om ಿಕKannada
- fortūitusLatin
- zoufällegLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- tupurangiMāori
- псевдослучаен, бесцелен, случаенMacedonian
- таамгаарMongolian
- rawakMalay
- lukraak, willekeurig, toevalligDutch
- tilfelleleg, tilfellelig, tilfeldigNorwegian
- przypadkowy, losowyPolish
- fulano, randômico, joão-ninguém, sicrano, pseudo-randômico, aleatório, beltranoPortuguese
- AleatoriuRomanian
- псевдослучайный, неуместный, произвольный, первый попавшийся, случайныйRussian
- proizvoljno, nasumiceSerbo-Croatian
- tillfällig, slumpmässigSwedish
- சீரற்றTamil
- สุ่มThai
- rasgeleTurkish
- випадковийUkrainian
- ngẫu nhiênVietnamese
- 随机Chinese

### Get even more translations for random »

### Translation

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