What does random mean?

Definitions for random
ˈræn dəmran·dom

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word random.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. randomadjective

    lacking any definite plan or order or purpose; governed by or depending on chance

    "a random choice"; "bombs fell at random"; "random movements"


  1. Randomadjective

    (Statistics) Of, pertaining to, or resulting from a process of selection from a starting set of items, in which the probability of selecting any one object in the starting set is equal to the probability of selecting any other.

  2. Randomadjective

    (Construction) of unequal size or shape; made from components of unequal size or shape.


  1. randomnoun

    Speed, full speed; impetuosity, force.

  2. randomnoun

    The full range of a bullet or other projectile; hence, the angle at which a weapon is tilted to allow the greatest range.

  3. randomnoun

    An undefined, unknown or unimportant person; a person of no consequence.

    The party was boring. It was full of randoms.

  4. randomadjective

    Having unpredictable outcomes and, in the ideal case, all outcomes equally probable; resulting from such selection; lacking statistical correlation.

  5. randomadjective

    Of or relating to probability distribution.

    A toss of loaded dice is still random, though biased.

  6. randomadjective

    Pseudorandom in contrast to truly random; mimicking the result of random selection.

    The function generates a random number from a seed.

  7. randomadjective

    Representative and undistinguished; typical and average; selected for no particular reason.

    A random American off the street couldn't tell the difference.

  8. randomadjective

    Apropos of nothing; lacking context; unexpected; having apparent lack of plan, cause or reason.

  9. randomadjective

    Characterized by or often saying random things; habitually using non sequiturs.

    You're so random!

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Randomadjective

    Done by chance; roving without direction.

    Virtue borrow’d but the arms of chance,
    And struck a random blow! ’twas fortune’s work,
    And fortune take the praise. Dryden.

  2. Randomnoun

    Want of direction; want of rule or method; chance; hazard; roving motion.

    Etymology: randon, Fr.

    Thy words at random argue thy inexperience. John Milton.

    He lies at random carelesly diffus’d,
    With languish’d head unpropt,
    As one past hope abandon’d. John Milton.

    Fond love his darts at random throws,
    And nothing springs from what he sows. Edmund Waller.

    The striker must be dense, and in its best velocity: the angle, which the missive is to mount by, if we will have it go to its furthest random, must be the half of a right one; and the figure of the missive must be such, as may give scope to the air to bear it. Digby.

    In the days of old the birds lived at random in a lawless state of anarchy; but in time they moved for the setting up of a king. Roger L'Estrange, Fables.

    Who could govern the dependance of one event upon another, if that event happened at random, and was not cast into a certain relation to some foregoing purpose to direct. South.

    ’Tis one thing when a person of true merit is drawn as like as we can; and another, when we make a fine thing at random, and persuade the next vain creature that ’tis his own likeness. Alexander Pope.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Randomnoun

    force; violence

  2. Randomnoun

    a roving motion; course without definite direction; want of direction, rule, or method; hazard; chance; -- commonly used in the phrase at random, that is, without a settled point of direction; at hazard

  3. Randomnoun

    distance to which a missile is cast; range; reach; as, the random of a rifle ball

  4. Randomnoun

    the direction of a rake-vein

  5. Randomadjective

    going at random or by chance; done or made at hazard, or without settled direction, aim, or purpose; hazarded without previous calculation; left to chance; haphazard; as, a random guess

  6. Etymology: [OE. randon, OF. randon force, violence, rapidity, randon, de randon, violently, suddenly, rapidly, prob. of German origin; cf. G. rand edge, border, OHG. rant shield, edge of a shield, akin to E. rand, n. See Rand, n.]


  1. Random

    Random is a fictional character and antihero created by writer Peter David for the Marvel Comics series X-Factor. He started out as a thorn in the side of X-Factor, but he later became a reluctant ally of theirs. The mystery of his life has yet to be completely revealed.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Random

    ran′dum, adj. done or uttered at haphazard: left to chance: aimless—(obs.) Ran′don.—n. something done without aim, chance—now only in phrase, At random, haphazard.—adv. Ran′domly, without direction: by chance. [O. Fr. randon, urgency, haste; from Teut.; Ger. rand, a brim.]

The New Hacker's Dictionary

  1. random

    1. Unpredictable (closest to mathematical definition); weird. “The system's been behaving pretty randomly.” 2. Assorted; undistinguished. “Who was at the conference?” “Just a bunch of random business types.” 3. (pejorative) Frivolous; unproductive; undirected. “He's just a random loser.” 4. Incoherent or inelegant; poorly chosen; not well organized. “The program has a random set of misfeatures.” “That's a random name for that function.” “Well, all the names were chosen pretty randomly.” 5. In no particular order, though deterministic. “The I/O channels are in a pool, and when a file is opened one is chosen randomly.” 6. Arbitrary. “It generates a random name for the scratch file.” 7. Gratuitously wrong, i.e., poorly done and for no good apparent reason. For example, a program that handles file name defaulting in a particularly useless way, or an assembler routine that could easily have been coded using only three registers, but redundantly uses seven for values with non-overlapping lifetimes, so that no one else can invoke it without first saving four extra registers. What randomness! 8. n. A random hacker; used particularly of high-school students who soak up computer time and generally get in the way. 9. n. Anyone who is not a hacker (or, sometimes, anyone not known to the hacker speaking); the noun form of sense 2. “I went to the talk, but the audience was full of randoms asking bogus questions”. 10. n. (occasional MIT usage) One who lives at Random Hall. See also J. Random, some random X. 11. [UK] Conversationally, a non sequitur or something similarly out-of-the-blue. As in: “Stop being so random!” This sense equates to ‘hatstand’, taken from the Viz comic character “Roger Irrelevant - He's completely Hatstand.”

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. random

    Distance to which a missile is thrown or projected; range; reach; as, the farthest random of a missile weapon.

Suggested Resources

  1. random

    Song lyrics by random -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by random on the Lyrics.com website.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'random' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4731

  2. Adjectives Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'random' in Adjectives Frequency: #647

Anagrams for random »

  1. mandor, rodman

  2. Mandor

  3. Rodman

How to pronounce random?

How to say random in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of random in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of random in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of random in a Sentence

  1. Link Starbureiy:

    The programming language of juking is random walks.

  2. Sarah Burd-Sharps:

    These are not random acts of violence, yet people have the perception that the killings come out of nowhere, that is simply not the truth.

  3. Thomas Bach:

    The athletes...will have to accept the Olympic standards during the next year prior to the Games and of course during the Games the first five will be tested on top of the random-testing and the targeted-testing during the Olympic period, i can only encourage the PGA Tour to follow and finally accept the WADA code and to be compliant with this so you have a harmonized anti-doping regime there for all the golf players and you have a ... level playing field for all golfers.

  4. Chantel Sims:

    It seemed a little excessive, like all you needed to do was say sorry and it would have been fine, we were not actually that upset about him mixing up our names. It was more so the random things he would throw into the response.

  5. Nikki Tate:

    I saw people and heard shots and my first though was Jesus, is this another mass shooting? i didnt know if this was a random thing or a domestic thing or if this was a mass shooting. Everything was happening so fast, I just wanted to get me and my kid to safety.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for random

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    manifestly demonstrative
    • A. repugnant
    • B. bristly
    • C. ostensive
    • D. commensal

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