What does rake mean?

Definitions for rake

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word rake.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. rake, rakehell, profligate, rip, blood, rouenoun

    a dissolute man in fashionable society

  2. pitch, rake, slantnoun

    degree of deviation from a horizontal plane

    "the roof had a steep pitch"

  3. rakeverb

    a long-handled tool with a row of teeth at its head; used to move leaves or loosen soil

  4. rakeverb

    move through with or as if with a rake

    "She raked her fingers through her hair"

  5. rakeverb

    level or smooth with a rake

    "rake gravel"

  6. rakeverb

    sweep the length of

    "The gunfire raked the coast"

  7. scan, skim, rake, glance over, run downverb

    examine hastily

    "She scanned the newspaper headlines while waiting for the taxi"

  8. rakeverb

    gather with a rake

    "rake leaves"

  9. graze, crease, rakeverb

    scrape gently

    "graze the skin"

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. RAKEnoun

    Etymology: rastrum, Lat. race , Sax. racehe, Dutch.

    The sire saw smiling his own virtues wake;
    The mother begg'd the blessing of a rake. Alexander Pope.

    At Midsummer down with the brembles and brakes,
    And after abroad with thy forkes and thy rakes. Thomas Tusser.

    O that thy bounteous deity wou’d please
    To guide my rake upon the chinking sound
    Of some vast treasure hidden under ground. Dryden.

    He examines his face in the stream, combs his ruful locks with a rake. Samuel Garth.

    The next came with her son, who was the greatest rake in the place, but so much the mother’s darling, that she left her husband for the sake of this graceless youth. Addison.

    Rakes hate sober grave gentlewomen. Arbuthnot.

    Men, some to bus’ness, some to pleasure take;
    But ev’ry woman is at heart a rake. Alexander Pope.

  2. To Rakeverb

    Etymology: from the noun.

    Mow barlie, and rake it, and set it on cocks. Thomas Tusser.

    Harrows iron teeth shall every where
    Rake helmets up. Thomas May, Virgil’s Georgicks.

    If it be such a precious jewel as the world takes it for, yet they are forced to rake it out of dunghills; and accordingly the apostle gives it a value suitable to its extract. South.

    As they rake the green appearing ground,
    The russet hay-cock rises. James Thomson.

    An eager desire to rake together whatsoever might prejudice or any way hinder the credit of apocryphal books, hath caused the collector’s pen so to run as it were on wheels, that the mind, which should guide it, had no leisure to think. Richard Hooker, b. v. s. 20.

    What piles of wealth hath he accumulated!
    How, i’ th’ the name of thrift,
    Does he rake this together. William Shakespeare, Henry VIII.

    A sport more formidable
    Had rak’d together village rabble. Hudibras, p. i.

    Ill-gotten goods are squandered away with as little conscience as they were raked together. Roger L'Estrange.

    The statesman rakes the town to find a plot. Jonathan Swift.

    Here i’ th’ sands
    Thee I’ll rake up, the post unsanctified
    Of murth’rous lechers. William Shakespeare, King Lear.

    The blazing wood may to the eye seem great,
    But ’tis the fire rak’d up that has the heat,
    And keeps it long. John Suckling.

  3. To Rakeverb

    If you hide the crown
    Ev’n in your hearts, there will he rake for it. William Shakespeare.

    It is as offensive, as to rake into a dunghill. South.

    Another finds the way to dye in grain;
    Or for the golden ore in rivers rakes,
    Then melts the mass. John Dryden, Persius.

    One is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words, which are never to be reviv’d, but when sound or significancy is wanting. Dryden.

    After having made essays into it, as they do for coal in England, they rake into the most promising parts. Addison.

    When Pas hand reached him to take,
    The fox on knees and elbows tumbled down:
    Pas could not stay, but over him did rake,
    And crown’d the earth with his first touching crown. Philip Sidney.

    The Belgians tack upon our rear,
    And raking chase-guns through our sterns they send. Dryd.


  1. rake

    A rake receiver is a radio receiver designed to counter the effects of multipath fading. It does this by using several "sub-receivers" called fingers, that is, several correlators each assigned to a different multipath component. Each finger independently decodes a single multipath component; at a later stage the contribution of all fingers are combined in order to make the most use of the different transmission characteristics of each transmission path. This could very well result in higher signal-to-noise ratio (or Eb/N0) in a multipath environment than in a "clean" environment. The multipath channel through which a radio wave transmits can be viewed as transmitting the original (line of sight) wave pulse through a number of multipath components. Multipath components are delayed copies of the original transmitted wave traveling through a different echo path, each with a different magnitude and time-of-arrival at the receiver. Since each component contains the original information, if the magnitude and time-of-arrival (phase) of each component is computed at the receiver (through a process called channel estimation), then all the components can be added coherently to improve the information reliability.


  1. rake

    A rake is a gardening tool with a series of rigid teeth or prongs connected to a long handle. It is used for gathering leaves, hay, grass, or other types of debris, or for loosening the soil, smoothing or leveling the ground in gardening and landscaping. In a broader context, it can also refer to a person leading a dissolute or immoral life.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Rakenoun

    an implement consisting of a headpiece having teeth, and a long handle at right angles to it, -- used for collecting hay, or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or for breaking and smoothing the earth

  2. Rakenoun

    a toothed machine drawn by a horse, -- used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake

  3. Rakenoun

    a fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so; -- called also rake-vein

  4. Rakeverb

    to collect with a rake; as, to rake hay; -- often with up; as, he raked up the fallen leaves

  5. Rakeverb

    to collect or draw together with laborious industry; to gather from a wide space; to scrape together; as, to rake together wealth; to rake together slanderous tales; to rake together the rabble of a town

  6. Rakeverb

    to pass a rake over; to scrape or scratch with a rake for the purpose of collecting and clearing off something, or for stirring up the soil; as, to rake a lawn; to rake a flower bed

  7. Rakeverb

    to search through; to scour; to ransack

  8. Rakeverb

    to scrape or scratch across; to pass over quickly and lightly, as a rake does

  9. Rakeverb

    to enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of; in naval engagements, to cannonade, as a ship, on the stern or head so that the balls range the whole length of the deck

  10. Rakeverb

    to use a rake, as for searching or for collecting; to scrape; to search minutely

  11. Rakeverb

    to pass with violence or rapidity; to scrape along

  12. Rakenoun

    the inclination of anything from a perpendicular direction; as, the rake of a roof, a staircase, etc

  13. Rakenoun

    the inclination of a mast or funnel, or, in general, of any part of a vessel not perpendicular to the keel

  14. Rakeverb

    to incline from a perpendicular direction; as, a mast rakes aft

  15. Rakenoun

    a loose, disorderly, vicious man; a person addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices; a debauchee; a roue

  16. Rakeverb

    to walk about; to gad or ramble idly

  17. Rakeverb

    to act the rake; to lead a dissolute, debauched life

  18. Etymology: [OE. rakel rash; cf. Icel. reikall wandering, unsettled, reika to wander.]


  1. Rake

    A rake, short for rakehell, is a historic term applied to a man who is habituated to immoral conduct, frequently a heartless womanizer. Often a rake was a prodigal who wasted his fortune on gambling, wine, women and song, incurring lavish debts in the process. The rake was also frequently a man who seduced a young woman and impregnated her before leaving, often to her social or financial ruin. The Restoration rake was a carefree, witty, sexually irresistible aristocrat whose heyday was during the English Restoration period at the court of Charles II. They were typified by the "Merry gang" of courtiers, who included as prominent members the Earl of Rochester; George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham; and the Earl of Dorset, who combined riotous living with intellectual pursuits and patronage of the arts. At this time the rake featured as a stock character in Restoration comedy. After the reign of Charles II, and especially after the Glorious Revolution of 1688, the cultural perception of the rake took a dive into squalor. The rake became the butt of moralistic tales in which his typical fate was debtor's prison, venereal disease, or, in the case of William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress, insanity in Bedlam.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Rake

    rāk, n. an instrument with teeth or pins for smoothing earth, &c.: any tool consisting of a flat blade at right angles to a long handle.—v.t. to scrape with something toothed: to draw together: to gather with difficulty: to level with a rake: to search diligently: to pass over violently and swiftly: (naut.) to fire into, as a ship, lengthwise: to inter or hide, as by raking earth over a body.—v.i. to work with a rake: to search minutely.—ns. Rā′ker; Rā′king, the act or operation of using a rake: the space raked at once: the quantity collected at once with a rake: sharp criticism.—adj. such as to rake, as a raking fire.—Rake hell, to search even hell to find a person equally bad; Rake up, to cover with material raked or scraped together: to draw from oblivion, to revive. [A.S. raca, a rake; Ger. rechen, Ice. reka, a shovel.]

  2. Rake

    rāk, n. [Contr. of rakehell.]

  3. Rake

    rāk, n. (naut.) the projection of the stem and stern of a ship beyond the extremities of the keel: the inclination of a mast from the perpendicular.—v.i. to incline from the perpendicular or the horizontal.—v.t. to cause to incline or slope.—adj. Rā′kish, having a rake or inclination of the masts.—adv. Rā′kishly. [Scand., Sw. raka, to reach.]

  4. Rake

    rāk, n. a dissolute person: a libertine.—v.i. to lead a debauched life, esp. to make a practice of lechery.—n. Rake′hell, a rascal or villain: a debauchee.—adjs. Rake′hell, -y, dissolute.—ns. Rakehellō′nian, a rakehell; Rā′kery, dissoluteness; Rake′shame (Milt.), a base, dissolute wretch.—adj. Rā′kish, like a rake: dissolute: debauched.—adv. Rā′kishly.—n. Rā′kishness, dissoluteness: the state of being rakish or dissolute: dissolute practices. [Corr. of M. E. rakel, corr. into rakehell, shortened to rake; Scand., as Sw. rakkel, a vagabond, Ice. reikall, unsettled—reika, to wander.]

  5. Rake

    rāk, v.i. (prov.) to wander, to take a course, proceed: (hunting) of a hawk, to fly wide of the game: of a dog, to follow a wrong course.—Rake about (Scot.), to gad or wander about. [M. E. raken—A.S. racian, to run; confused with M. E. raiken—Ice. reika, to wander.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. rake

    The projection of the upper parts of a ship, at both ends, beyond the extremities of the keel. Also, the deviation of the masts from the vertical line of position, reckoned from the keel forward or aft.

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. rake

    To enfilade; to fire in a direction with the length of; as, to rake the enemy’s ranks.

Suggested Resources

  1. RAKE

    What does RAKE stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the RAKE acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. RAKE

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Rake is ranked #16265 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Rake surname appeared 1,773 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 1 would have the surname Rake.

    90.7% or 1,609 total occurrences were White.
    2.7% or 49 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    2.4% or 44 total occurrences were of two or more races.
    1.8% or 33 total occurrences were Asian.
    1.1% or 21 total occurrences were Black.
    0.9% or 17 total occurrences were American Indian or Alaskan Native.

How to pronounce rake?

How to say rake in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of rake in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of rake in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of rake in a Sentence

  1. Commodore Everette Hoard:

    It is made exactly to scale from a set of blueprints, every arc, every angle, the graceful rake of the bow, the size and pitch of the propellers are all exact.

  2. Sergey Lavrov:

    There is a lot of rubble, it’s not easy to rake it up, but I felt that Antony Blinken and his team were determined to do this. It will not be a matter for us.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for rake

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    a male servant (especially a footman)
    A ventricle
    B imperviousness
    C flunkey
    D cazique

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