# Definitions for primesprimes

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1. primes

A prime number (or a prime) is a natural number greater than 1 that is not a product of two smaller natural numbers. A natural number greater than 1 that is not prime is called a composite number. For example, 5 is prime because the only ways of writing it as a product, 1 × 5 or 5 × 1, involve 5 itself. However, 4 is composite because it is a product (2 × 2) in which both numbers are smaller than 4. Primes are central in number theory because of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic: every natural number greater than 1 is either a prime itself or can be factorized as a product of primes that is unique up to their order. The property of being prime is called primality. A simple but slow method of checking the primality of a given number n {\displaystyle n} , called trial division, tests whether n {\displaystyle n} is a multiple of any integer between 2 and n {\displaystyle {\sqrt {n}}} . Faster algorithms include the Miller–Rabin primality test, which is fast but has a small chance of error, and the AKS primality test, which always produces the correct answer in polynomial time but is too slow to be practical. Particularly fast methods are available for numbers of special forms, such as Mersenne numbers. As of December 2018 the largest known prime number is a Mersenne prime with 24,862,048 decimal digits.There are infinitely many primes, as demonstrated by Euclid around 300 BC. No known simple formula separates prime numbers from composite numbers. However, the distribution of primes within the natural numbers in the large can be statistically modelled. The first result in that direction is the prime number theorem, proven at the end of the 19th century, which says that the probability of a randomly chosen large number being prime is inversely proportional to its number of digits, that is, to its logarithm. Several historical questions regarding prime numbers are still unsolved. These include Goldbach's conjecture, that every even integer greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two primes, and the twin prime conjecture, that there are infinitely many pairs of primes having just one even number between them. Such questions spurred the development of various branches of number theory, focusing on analytic or algebraic aspects of numbers. Primes are used in several routines in information technology, such as public-key cryptography, which relies on the difficulty of factoring large numbers into their prime factors. In abstract algebra, objects that behave in a generalized way like prime numbers include prime elements and prime ideals.

### Surnames Frequency by Census RecordsRate this definition:0.0 / 0 votes

1. PRIMES

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Primes is ranked #56444 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

The Primes surname appeared 362 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Primes.

66.5% or 241 total occurrences were Black.
29% or 105 total occurrences were White.
2.4% or 9 total occurrences were of two or more races.
1.6% or 6 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.

1. misper

2. simper

### Numerology

1. Chaldean Numerology

The numerical value of primes in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

2. Pythagorean Numerology

The numerical value of primes in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

### Examples of primes in a Sentence

1. I hate Disneyland. It primes our kids for Las Vegas.

2. The understanding of the general science of sports performance has allowed athletes to push their primes into much later stages, as we get older, it sucks hopping in those ice baths, but it's just part of the deal.

### Popularity rank by frequency of use

primes#10000#27879#100000

## Translations for primes

### From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

• les premiers
• מספרים ראשוניים

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