What does plume mean?

Definitions for plume

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word plume.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. plumenoun

    anything that resembles a feather in shape or lightness

    "a plume of smoke"; "grass with large plumes"

  2. plumenoun

    a feather or cluster of feathers worn as an ornament

  3. feather, plume, plumageverb

    the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds

  4. overcharge, soak, surcharge, gazump, fleece, plume, pluck, rob, hookverb

    rip off; ask an unreasonable price

  5. pride, plume, congratulateverb

    be proud of

    "He prides himself on making it into law school"

  6. plumeverb

    deck with a plume

    "a plumed helmet"

  7. preen, plumeverb

    clean with one's bill

    "The birds preened"

  8. plumeverb

    form a plume

    "The chimneys were pluming the sky"; "The engine was pluming black smoke"

  9. preen, primp, plume, dressverb

    dress or groom with elaborate care

    "She likes to dress when going to the opera"


  1. plumenoun

    A feather of a bird, especially a large or showy one.

  2. plumenoun

    The furry tail of certain dog breeds that stand erect or curl over their backs (eg Samoyed, Malteagle)

  3. plumenoun

    A cluster of feathers worn as an ornament, especially on a helmet.

  4. plumenoun

    An upward spray of water or mist.

  5. plumenoun

    An upwelling of molten material from the Earth's mantle.

  6. plumenoun

    An arc of glowing material erupting from the surface of a star.

  7. plumeverb

    To preen and arrange feathers.

  8. plumeverb

    To congratulate oneself proudly.

  9. plumeverb

    To form a plume

    Smoke plumed from his pipe then slowly settled towards the floor.

  10. plumeverb

    To write; to pen.

  11. Etymology: From pluma via plume

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. PLUMEnoun

    Etymology: plume, Fr. pluma, Lat.

    Let frantick Talbot triumph for a while,
    And, like a peacock, sweep along his tail;
    We’ll pull his plumes, and take away his train. William Shakespeare.

    Wings he wore of many a colour’d plume. John Milton.

    They appear made up of little bladders, like those in the plume or stalk of a quill. Nehemiah Grew, Musæum.

    Let every feeble rumour shake your hearts,
    Your enemies with nodding of their plumes
    Fan you into despair. William Shakespeare, Coriolanus.

    Eastern travellers know that ostridges feathers are common, and the ordinary plume of Janizaries. Brown.

    The fearful infant
    Daunted to see a face with steel o’erspread,
    And his high plume that nodded o’er his head. Dryden.

    Great duke of Lancaster, I come to thee
    From plume pluckt Richard, who with willing soul
    Adopts thee heir. William Shakespeare, Richard II.

    Ambitious to win from me some plume. John Milton.

  2. To Plumeverb

    Etymology: from the noun.

    Swans must be kept in some enclosed pond, where they may have room to come ashore and plume themselves. John Mortimer.

    Such animals, as feed upon flesh, devour some part of the feathers of the birds they gorge themselves with, because they will not take the pains fully to plume them. John Ray.

    They stuck not to say, that the king cared not to plume the nobility and people to feather himself. Francis Bacon.

    His stature reach’d the sky, and on his crest
    Sat horror plum’d. John Milton, Par. Lost, b. iv.

    Farewel the plumed troops, and the big war,
    That make ambition virtue. William Shakespeare, Othello.


  1. plume

    A plume is a long, feather-like cloud of smoke, dust, water, or other pollutants that rises from a source and spreads or floats in the air. In geology, it also refers to a column of molten rock that rises within the Earth to create a hotspot of volcanic activity. On a bird or other animal, a plume is a long, soft, and distinguished feather. Generally, it refers to something that spreads out in a shape resembling a feather.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Plume

    a feather; esp., a soft, downy feather, or a long, conspicuous, or handsome feather

  2. Plume

    an ornamental tuft of feathers

  3. Plume

    a feather, or group of feathers, worn as an ornament; a waving ornament of hair, or other material resembling feathers

  4. Plume

    a token of honor or prowess; that on which one prides himself; a prize or reward

  5. Plume

    a large and flexible panicle of inflorescence resembling a feather, such as is seen in certain large ornamental grasses

  6. Plumeverb

    to pick and adjust the plumes or feathers of; to dress or prink

  7. Plumeverb

    to strip of feathers; to pluck; to strip; to pillage; also, to peel

  8. Plumeverb

    to adorn with feathers or plumes

  9. Plumeverb

    to pride; to vaunt; to boast; -- used reflexively; as, he plumes himself on his skill

  10. Etymology: [F., fr. L. pluma. Cf. Fly, v.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Plume

    plōōm, n. a feather: a tuft of feathers: a feather worn as an ornament: a crest: a token of honour: a prize in a contest.—v.t. to dress the feathers of, as a bird: to adorn with plumes: to strip of feathers: to boast (used reflexively).—ns. Plumassier (plōō-ma-sēr′), one who prepares or deals in plumes; Plume′-bird, a term sometimes given to the Epimachidæ or long-tailed birds-of-Paradise.—adjs. Plumed, adorned with feathers; Plume′less.—n. Plume′let, a down-feather, a plumule: anything resembling a small plume.—adj. Plume′-plucked, stripped of plumes: (Shak.) humbled.—n. Plum′ery, a display of plumes.—adjs. Plumig′erous, plumaged; Plu′miped, having feathered feet.—n. Plu′mist, a feather-dresser.—adjs. Plu′mose, Plu′mous, feathery: plume-like; Plu′my, covered or adorned with plumes. [O. Fr.,—L. pluma, a small soft feather.]

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. plume

    A large and handsome feather worn as an ornament on a helmet, on a military hat, and the like.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. PLUME

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Plume is ranked #44653 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Plume surname appeared 481 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Plume.

    92.1% or 443 total occurrences were White.
    2.4% or 12 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    2% or 10 total occurrences were American Indian or Alaskan Native.
    1.8% or 9 total occurrences were Asian.

How to pronounce plume?

How to say plume in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of plume in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of plume in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of plume in a Sentence

  1. Civil Defense Agency:

    Laze is formed when hot lava hits the ocean sending hydrochloric acid and steam with fine glass particles into the air, health hazards of laze include lung, eye and skin irritation. Be aware that the laze plume travels with the wind and can change direction without warning.

  2. Omar Khayyam:

    By Fate full many a heart has been undone, And many a sprightly rose made woe-begone; Plume thee not on thy lusty youth and strength: Full many a bud is blasted ere its bloom.

  3. Danish Siddiqui:

    Photographs really helped highlight the plight (of Rohingya refugees), as a photojournalist you need to capture everything in one frame ... In that picture you can see the plume of smoke, the boat, the refugees ... All the elements were there to tell the story.

  4. Michael Schade:

    We were getting status updates so we knew there were high acuity patients, very, very critical patients, but in the back of our mind we could see a massive plume of [ smoke ] coming from White Island, but as our experience sort of shows, we sort of remain very open-minded, because situations always evolve.

  5. Hillsborough Mayor Frank Delcore:

    The smoke plume is diminishing rapidly.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for plume

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • شاه پرPersian
  • kynäillä, töyhtö, rehvastella, tupruta, pluumi, suihku, sukia, sulka, höyhen, kiehkura, pörröhäntäFinnish
  • plumeau, plume, nuage de fuméeFrench
  • פלומהHebrew
  • piumaItalian
  • ფრთაGeorgian
  • testans pluma commentumLatin
  • пе́ро, пердувMacedonian
  • veer, pluim, veder, stoffer, stofwolk, plumeau, rookwolkDutch
  • pămătuf (de pene), pană, fulg, mănunchi de peneRomanian
  • перо́, плюма́ж, хвали́ться, султа́н, [[чи́стить]] [[пёрышкоRussian
  • perjeSerbo-Croatian
  • lehätaplümäd, plümäd, plümVolapük

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"plume." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 22 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/plume>.

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    an unfortunate mishap; especially one causing damage or injury
    A rateables
    B downsizing
    C decline
    D accident

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