What does plinian eruption mean?

Definitions for plinian eruption
plini·an erup·tion

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word plinian eruption.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Plinian eruptionnoun

    a volcanic eruption in which a stream of gas and ash is violently ejected to a height of several miles

Wikipedia

  1. Plinian eruption

    Plinian eruptions or Vesuvian eruptions are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, which destroyed the ancient Roman cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii. The eruption was described in a letter written by Pliny the Younger, after the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder. Plinian/Vesuvian eruptions are marked by columns of volcanic debris and hot gases ejected high into the stratosphere, the second layer of Earth's atmosphere. The key characteristics are ejection of large amount of pumice and very powerful continuous gas-driven eruptions. According to the Volcanic Explosivity Index, Plinian eruptions have a VEI of 4, 5 or 6, sub-Plinian 3 or 4, and ultra-Plinian 6, 7 or 8. Short eruptions can end in less than a day, but longer events can continue for several days or months. The longer eruptions begin with production of clouds of volcanic ash, sometimes with pyroclastic surges. The amount of magma erupted can be so large that it depletes the magma chamber below, causing the top of the volcano to collapse, resulting in a caldera. Fine ash and pulverized pumice can deposit over large areas. Plinian eruptions are often accompanied by loud noises, such as those generated by the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa. The sudden discharge of electrical charges accumulated in the air around the ascending column of volcanic ashes also often causes lightning strikes as depicted by the English geologist George Julius Poulett Scrope in his painting of 1822 or observed during 2022 Hunga Tonga–Hunga Ha'apai eruption and tsunami.The lava is usually dacitic or rhyolitic, rich in silica. Basaltic, low-silica lavas rarely produce Plinian eruptions unless specific conditions are met (low magma water content <2%, moderate temperature, and rapid crystallization); a recent basaltic example is the 1886 eruption of Mount Tarawera on New Zealand's North Island.

ChatGPT

  1. plinian eruption

    A Plinian eruption is a type of volcanic eruption characterized by a long-lasting, often hours to days, explosive event that ejects large amounts of pumice, ash, and gas into the atmosphere in the form of a column which can rise up to several kilometers. These eruptions are named after Pliny the Younger, a Roman author who documented the catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Wikidata

  1. Plinian eruption

    Plinian eruptions, also known as 'Vesuvian eruptions', are volcanic eruptions marked by their similarity to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. Plinian eruptions are marked by columns of gas and volcanic ash extending high into the stratosphere, a high layer of the atmosphere. The key characteristics are ejection of large amount of pumice and very powerful continuous gas blast eruptions. Short eruptions can end in less than a day, but longer events can take several days to months. The longer eruptions begin with production of clouds of volcanic ash, sometimes with pyroclastic flows. The amount of magma erupted can be so large that the top of the volcano may collapse, resulting in a caldera. Fine ash can deposit over large areas. Plinian eruptions are often accompanied by loud noises, such as those generated by Krakatoa. The lava is usually rhyolitic and rich in silicates. Basaltic lavas are unusual for Plinian eruptions; the most recent example is the 1886 eruption of Mount Tarawera.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of plinian eruption in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of plinian eruption in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

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"plinian eruption." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 27 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/plinian+eruption>.

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    a medicinal liquid that is rubbed into the skin to relieve muscular stiffness and pain
    A hypostatization
    B liniment
    C calcaneus
    D meerschaum

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