What does plantagenet mean?

Definitions for plantagenet
plænˈtædʒ ə nɪtplan·ta·genet

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word plantagenet.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Plantagenet, Plantagenet linenoun

    the family name of a line of English kings that reigned from 1154 to 1485


  1. plantagenet

    The House of Plantagenet () was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France. The family held the English throne from 1154 (with the accession of Henry II at the end of the Anarchy) to 1485, when Richard III died in battle. Under the Plantagenets, England was transformed. The Plantagenet kings were often forced to negotiate compromises such as Magna Carta, which had served to constrain their royal power in return for financial and military support. The king was no longer considered an absolute monarch in the nation—holding the prerogatives of judgement, feudal tribute, and warfare—but now also had defined duties to the kingdom, underpinned by a sophisticated justice system. A distinct national identity was shaped by their conflict with the French, Scots, Welsh and Irish, as well as by the establishment of the English language as the primary language. In the 15th century, the Plantagenets were defeated in the Hundred Years' War and beset with social, political and economic problems. Popular revolts were common-place, triggered by the denial of numerous freedoms. English nobles raised private armies, engaged in private feuds and openly defied Henry VI. The rivalry between the House of Plantagenet's two cadet branches of York and Lancaster brought about the Wars of the Roses, a decades-long fight for the English succession, culminating in the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, when the reign of the Plantagenets and the English Middle Ages both met their end with the death of King Richard III. Henry VII of legitimised Lancastrian descent became king of England; five months later, he married Elizabeth of York, thus giving rise to the Tudor dynasty. The Tudors worked to centralise English royal power, which allowed them to avoid some of the problems that had plagued the last Plantagenet rulers. The resulting stability allowed for the English Renaissance and the advent of early modern Britain.


  1. plantagenet

    The Plantagenet dynasty is a royal house that originated from the lands of Anjou in France. The family held the English throne from the reign of Henry II in 1154 until the late 15th century, making them one of the longest-reigning dynasties in British history. Notable Plantagenet monarchs include Richard the Lionheart, Edward I, and Richard II. The family divided into several branches, including the Houses of York and Lancaster, which later fought the Wars of the Roses.

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. plantagenet

    The surname of a dynasty of English kings who ruled from 1154 to 1485. Henry II. was the founder, and Richard III., who was killed at Bosworth, the last of the line. They were generally warlike and ambitious rulers, being engaged in contests at home (see Roses, Wars of the) and in France. The name belonged to the house of Anjou, and is said to have been derived from the circumstance of the first count of this house having caused himself to be scourged with branches of broom (planta genista) as a penance for some crime. The name passed to the English line of kings through the extinction of the old Norman dynasty in the male line in the person of Henry II., and the marriage of Matilda, his daughter, to Geoffrey, count of Anjou, their son succeeding to the throne.

Etymology and Origins

  1. Plantagenet

    The family name of the House of Anjou, which succeeded to the throne of England at the extinction of the Norman dynasty. It was assumed by Fulke Martel, the first of this line, as a perpetual reminder of the incident of having allowed himself to be scourged by two attendants with branches of the genista, or broom plant, while on a pilgrimage to the Holy Sepulchre, as an atonement for his murder of the Earl of Brittany.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of plantagenet in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of plantagenet in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

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"plantagenet." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 24 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/plantagenet>.

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