What does plane mean?

Definitions for plane

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word plane.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. airplane, aeroplane, planenoun

    an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets

    "the flight was delayed due to trouble with the airplane"

  2. plane, sheetnoun

    (mathematics) an unbounded two-dimensional shape

    "we will refer to the plane of the graph as the X-Y plane"; "any line joining two points on a plane lies wholly on that plane"

  3. planenoun

    a level of existence or development

    "he lived on a worldly plane"

  4. plane, planer, planing machinenoun

    a power tool for smoothing or shaping wood

  5. plane, carpenter's plane, woodworking planeadjective

    a carpenter's hand tool with an adjustable blade for smoothing or shaping wood

    "the cabinetmaker used a plane for the finish work"

  6. flat, level, planeverb

    having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another

    "a flat desk"; "acres of level farmland"; "a plane surface"; "skirts sewn with fine flat seams"

  7. plane, shaveverb

    cut or remove with or as if with a plane

    "The machine shaved off fine layers from the piece of wood"

  8. plane, skimverb

    travel on the surface of water

  9. planeverb

    make even or smooth, with or as with a carpenter's plane

    "plane the top of the door"


  1. planenoun

    A tool for smoothing wood by removing thin layers from the surface.

  2. planeverb

    To smooth (wood) with a plane.

  3. planenoun

    An airplane; an aeroplane.

  4. planeverb

    To move in a way that lifts the bow of a boat out of the water.

  5. planeverb

    To glide or soar.

  6. planenoun

    A deciduous tree of the genus Platanus.

  7. planenoun

    A sycamore.

  8. Etymology: From planum, a noun use of the neuter of planus. The word was introduced in the seventeenth century to distinguish the geometrical senses from the other senses of plain.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Planenoun

    Plain is commonly used in popular language,

    Etymology: planus, Latin.

    Comets, as often as they are visible to us, move in planes inclined to the plane of the ecliptick in all kinds of angles. Richard Bentley.

    Projectils would ever move on in the same right line, did not the air, their own gravity, or the ruggedness of the plane, on which they move, stop their motion. George Cheyne.

    The iron is set to make an angle of forty-five degrees with the sole of the plane. Joseph Moxon, Mechanical Exercises.

  2. To Planeverb

    Etymology: planer, Fr. from the noun.

    The foundation of the Roman causeway was made of rough stone, joined with a most firm cement; upon this was laid another layer of small stones and cement, to plane the inequalities of rough stone, in which the stones of the upper pavement were fixt. John Arbuthnot, on Coins.

    These hard woods are more properly scraped than planed. Joseph Moxon, Mechanical Exercises.


  1. plane

    A plane in mathematics is a two-dimensional surface extending infinitely in all directions. It is usually defined as a flat surface with no thickness, where any two points on the plane can be connected by a straight line that also lies within the plane. It has a consistent direction and typically includes features such as length and width, but not depth. In geometry, it is often described as a two-dimensional subspace of a three-dimensional space.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Planenoun

    any tree of the genus Platanus

  2. Planeadjective

    without elevations or depressions; even; level; flat; lying in, or constituting, a plane; as, a plane surface

  3. Planeadjective

    a surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a like surface is a straight line; a surface without curvature

  4. Planeadjective

    an ideal surface, conceived as coinciding with, or containing, some designated astronomical line, circle, or other curve; as, the plane of an orbit; the plane of the ecliptic, or of the equator

  5. Planeadjective

    a block or plate having a perfectly flat surface, used as a standard of flatness; a surface plate

  6. Planeadjective

    a tool for smoothing boards or other surfaces of wood, for forming moldings, etc. It consists of a smooth-soled stock, usually of wood, from the under side or face of which projects slightly the steel cutting edge of a chisel, called the iron, which inclines backward, with an apperture in front for the escape of shavings; as, the jack plane; the smoothing plane; the molding plane, etc

  7. Planeadjective

    to make smooth; to level; to pare off the inequalities of the surface of, as of a board or other piece of wood, by the use of a plane; as, to plane a plank

  8. Planeadjective

    to efface or remove

  9. Planeadjective

    figuratively, to make plain or smooth

  10. Etymology: [L. planus: cf. F. plan. See Plan, a.]


  1. Plane

    In esoteric cosmology, a plane, other than the physical plane is conceived as a subtle state of consciousness that transcends the known physical universe. The concept may be found in religious, and esoteric teachings—e.g. Vedanta, Ayyavazhi, shamanism, Hermeticism, Neoplatonism, Gnosticism, Kashmir Shaivism, Sant Mat/Surat Shabd Yoga, Sufism, Druze, Kabbalah, Theosophy, Anthroposophy, Rosicrucianism, Eckankar, Ascended Master Teachings, etc.—which propound the idea of a whole series of subtle planes or worlds or dimensions which, from a center, interpenetrate themselves and the physical planet in which we live, the solar systems, and all the physical structures of the universe. This interpenetration of planes culminates in the universe itself as a physical structured, dynamic and evolutive expression emanated through a series of steadily denser stages, becoming progressively more material and embodied. The emanation is conceived, according to esoteric teachings, to have been originated, at the dawn of the universe's manifestation, in The Supreme Being Who sent out—from the unmanifested Absolute beyond comprehension—the dynamic force of creative energy, as sound-vibration, into the abyss of space. On the other hand, it states that this dynamic force is being sent forth, through the ages, framing all things that constitute and inhabit the universe.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Plane

    plān, n. (geom.) a surface on which, if any two points be taken, the straight line joining them will lie entirely on the surface: (astron.) a surface thought of as bounded by the line round which a heavenly body moves: any flat or level surface: any incline on which coal is lowered by the effect of gravity: any grade of life or of development.—adj. having the character of a plane: pertaining to, lying in, or forming a plane.—v.t. to make plane or smooth.—adj. Plā′nary, relating to a plane: flat.—n. Plane′-tā′ble, a topographical instrument used in field-mapping, and having a sighting-telescope for observing objects, whose angles may be noted on a paper on the table of the instrument: an inclined table on which ore is dressed.—v.t. to survey with a plane-table.—ns. Plan′igraph, an instrument for reducing or enlarging drawings; Planim′eter, an instrument for measuring the area of a plane figure.—adjs. Planimet′ric, -al.—n. Planim′etry, the mensuration of plane surfaces.—adj. Planipet′alous, having flat petals.—ns. Plan′isher, a thin flat-ended tool used for smoothing tin-plate and brasswork: a workman who planishes, esp. one who prepares copper-plates for engravers; Plan′isphere, a sphere projected on a plane.—adjs. Planispher′ic; Plāno-con′cave, plane on one side and concave on the other; Plā′no-con′ical, plane on one side and conical on the other; Plā′no-con′vex, plane on one side and convex on the other.—n. Planog′raphist, a map-maker.—adj. Plā′no-horizon′tal, having a plane horizontal surface or position.—ns. Planom′eter, a plane surface used in machine-making as a gauge for plane surfaces; Planom′etry, the measurement of plane surfaces.—adj. Plā′no-sub′ulate, smooth and awl-shaped.—Plane angle, an angle contained by two straight lines in a plane; Plane figure, a figure all of whose points lie in one plane; Plane geometry, the geometry of plane figures; Plane sailing, the calculation of a ship's place in its course, as if the earth were flat instead of spherical: easy work; Plane trigonometry, that branch of trigonometry which treats of triangles described on a plane.—Inclined plane (see Incline); Perspective plane (see Perspective). [Fr.,—L. planus, plain.]

  2. Plane

    plān, n. a carpenter's tool for producing a level or smooth surface.—v.t. to make a surface (as of wood) level by means of a plane.—ns. Plā′ner, a tool or machine for planing: a smooth wooden block used for levelling a form of type; Plān′ing-machine′, a machine for planing wood or metals.—v.t. Plan′ish, to make smooth: to polish. [Fr.,—Low L. planāre, to make level.]

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. plane

    In a general sense, a perfectly level surface; but it is a term used by shipwrights, implying the area or imaginary surface contained within any particular outlines, as the plane of elevation, or sheer-draught, &c.

Editors Contribution

  1. plane

    An aircraft

    The plane is simply to fly as its a glider plane

    Submitted by MaryC on February 3, 2021  


  1. Plane

    level, flat; applied to a surface.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. PLANE

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Plane is ranked #53419 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Plane surname appeared 387 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Plane.

    92.2% or 357 total occurrences were White.
    3.6% or 14 total occurrences were Black.
    3.3% or 13 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'plane' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2986

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'plane' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2910

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'plane' in Nouns Frequency: #1018

Anagrams for plane »

  1. alpen

  2. penal

  3. panel

  4. nepal

How to pronounce plane?

How to say plane in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of plane in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of plane in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of plane in a Sentence

  1. Airplane:

    Elaine Dickinson There's no reason to become alarmed, and we hope you'll enjoy the rest of your flight. By the way, is there anyone on board who knows how to fly a plane

  2. Michael Bloomberg:

    [He] did a masterful job of landing the plane in the river and then making sure that everybody got out. He walked the plane twice after everybody else was off and tried to verify that there was nobody else onboard, and he ... made sure that there was nobody behind him.

  3. Omare Lamrani:

    It’s a very old plane, but definitely one of the most capable, air Force has been moving toward multi-mission aircraft, but when Air Force comes to this particular mission this plane is unrivaled in Air Force ability. There is no weapon in our arsenal that offers more effective close-air support to American ground troops serving in harms way than the A-10 aircraft, - Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz. First designated for retirement in 2011, a planning document the Air Force published in mid-February reveals that 2022 is the flying branch's newest deadline for the last A-10 flight. The extension was announced by Secretary of Defense Ash Carter during a preview of the Pentagon’s budget at the Economic Club of Washington, D.C. according to the Arizona Daily Star. The venerable plane, first built for destroying Soviet tanks, has been on the chopping block since the sequester of 2011 mandated steep cuts in the Pentagon budget. Although the planes haven't been built in more than 30 years, the Department of Defense believes it can save maintenance costs by phasing them out. Air Force brass believes newer, faster aircraft like the F-16, F-15E, and, eventually, Lockheed Martin’s F-35 can do a better job of the Warthog’s mission of providing close air support to soldiers on the ground. But the Pentagon disagrees and has pushed back, leading to Air Force brass to extend the end date for a phase out. The plane has survived year-to-year, with powerful lawmakers such as Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman John McCain, R-Ariz., fighting to keep it alive.

  4. Tim Crowley:

    They told Mel Christler that it was the first plane used by Dwight Eisenhower as president, so Mel Christler decided to restore it with another fellow named Harry Oliver... and they flew it around in the early'90s. Attempts to sell the plane fell through and, after Mel Christler died, it eventually ended up at Marana Regional Airport where it now sits, after changing ownership to another group which includes Harry Oliver. They are now trying to sell it. Various entities have voiced interest, but nobody has yet come up with the money. Timothy Coons, who served as flight engineer on the plane's last flight 10 years ago, said.

  5. Lauree Simmons:

    His owners brought him to the plane and said, Please take our dog and get him the care he needs... we know he will die here if he stays, Simmons recalled. The group now hasover 70 rescued dogs, andthe number keeps climbing. Simmons said many Bahamians are still also looking for pets that were lost during the storm, not knowing whether they are dead are alive. Weve gotten nine pleas from owners sending us pictures and locations where their dog was left, we also got a desperate plea from a family of five who had lost their home and they tried to get on a plane and they wouldnt let them take their dogs, so they stayed behind and they wouldnt leave their dog. We found a way yesterday to get their family to Nassau because two of their children didnt have visas to come in and get them on a plane safely.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for plane

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

  • аҷандарAbkhaz
  • طائرةArabic
  • ribotCatalan, Valencian
  • plocha, letoun, rovina, rovinný, plochý, hoblík, letadlo, platan, hoblovat, plachtitCzech
  • plan, høvl, flyver, platan, høvleDanish
  • Flugzeug, Platane, Ebene, Flieger, Hobel, hobeln, gleiten, ebenGerman
  • επίπεδο, επίπεδος, πλάνη, αεροπλάνο, πλάτανος, ίσος, πλανίζωGreek
  • ebeno, rabotiloEsperanto
  • plano, cepillar, cepillo, avión, platanoSpanish
  • tasand, höövel, hööveldamaEstonian
  • رنده, چنارPersian
  • taso, siipi, höylätä, liukua, plaaniin, höylä, lentokone, plataanipuu, kone, plaanata, tasainen, nousta, liitääFinnish
  • høvilFaroese
  • planer, plan, rabot, avion, platane, platFrench
  • plána, plánáilIrish
  • plèana, itealan, plèanScottish Gaelic
  • מקצוע, מטוס, דולב, מישורי, הקציע, אווירוןHebrew
  • gyalu, repülőgép, platán, repülőHungarian
  • սոսի, տնջրի, հարթություն, ինքնաթիռ, չինարի, մակարդակ, օդանավ, չինար, հարթ, տափակArmenian
  • hefill, heflaIcelandic
  • planare, piano, pialla, aereo, platano, piallare, piallatrice, aeroplano, piallettoItalian
  • Japanese
  • ჭადარი, ჩინარი, თვითმფრინავი, ჭანდარიGeorgian
  • жонғыKazakh
  • 대패Korean
  • planumLatin
  • huwwelen, Huwwel, Fliger, PlatanLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
  • plokštumaLithuanian
  • plakneLatvian
  • waru, haupapa, kota, whakaeneMāori
  • авионMacedonian
  • varloppaMaltese
  • vlak, schaaf, vliegtuig, plataan, schaven, glijdenDutch
  • høvle, plane, plan, høvel, fly, platanNorwegian
  • chidí naatʼaʼíNavajo, Navaho
  • wymiar, strug, płaszczyzna, hebel, samolotPolish
  • plano, plátano, aeroplano, pairar, plaina, avião, aplainar, plainarPortuguese
  • rindea, rabota, platanRomanian
  • ровный, уровень, чинар, чинара, плоский, плоскость, рубанок, самолёт, платан, строгать, паритьRussian
  • rende, strugSerbo-Croatian
  • hobľovať, rovina, hoblík, lietadlo, platanSlovak
  • skobeljSlovene
  • zdrukthAlbanian
  • plan, hyvel, hyvla, planaSwedish
  • randa, ndegeSwahili
  • చిత్రిక పట్టుTelugu
  • rende, uçak, tayyareTurkish
  • літакUkrainian
  • mặt phẳng, cái bào, máy bay, cây, trình độ, tàu bay, tiêu huyền, phẳng, mức, bào, bằng phẳng, bằngVietnamese

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    (used of persons) bound to a tract of land; hence their service is transferable from owner to owner
    • A. appellative
    • B. contagious
    • C. adscripted
    • D. extroversive

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