What does pigment mean?

Definitions for pigment
ˈpɪg məntpig·ment

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word pigment.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. pigmentnoun

    dry coloring material (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint, etc.)

  2. pigmentnoun

    any substance whose presence in plant or animal tissues produces a characteristic color

  3. paint, pigmentverb

    a substance used as a coating to protect or decorate a surface (especially a mixture of pigment suspended in a liquid); dries to form a hard coating

    "artists use `paint' and `pigment' interchangeably"

  4. pigmentverb

    acquire pigment; become colored or imbued

  5. pigmentverb

    color or dye with a pigment

    "pigment a photograph"


  1. pigmentnoun

    Any color in plant or animal cells

    Chlorophyll is the pigment responsible for most plants' green colouring.

  2. pigmentnoun

    A dry colorant, usually an insoluble powder

    Umber is a pigment made from clay containing iron and manganese oxide.

  3. pigmentverb

    To add color or pigment to something.

  4. Etymology: From pigmentum, itself from pingo + -mentum; variants of this word may have been known in Old English (e.g. 12th century pyhmentum).

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Pigmentnoun

    Paint; colour to be laid on any body.

    Etymology: pigmentum, Lat.

    Consider about the opacity of the corpuscles of black pigment, and the comparative diaphaneity of white bodies. Boyle.


  1. Pigment

    A pigment is a colored material that is completely or nearly insoluble in water. In contrast, dyes are typically soluble, at least at some stage in their use. Generally dyes are often organic compounds whereas pigments are often inorganic compounds. Pigments of prehistoric and historic value include ochre, charcoal, and lapis lazuli.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Pigmentnoun

    any material from which a dye, a paint, or the like, may be prepared; particularly, the refined and purified coloring matter ready for mixing with an appropriate vehicle

  2. Pigmentnoun

    any one of the colored substances found in animal and vegetable tissues and fluids, as bilirubin, urobilin, chlorophyll, etc

  3. Pigmentnoun

    wine flavored with species and honey

  4. Etymology: [L. pigmentum, fr. the root of pingere to paint: cf. F. pigment. See Paint, and cf. Pimento, Orpiment.]


  1. Pigment

    A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption. This physical process differs from fluorescence, phosphorescence, and other forms of luminescence, in which a material emits light. Many materials selectively absorb certain wavelengths of light. Materials that humans have chosen and developed for use as pigments usually have special properties that make them ideal for coloring other materials. A pigment must have a high tinting strength relative to the materials it colors. It must be stable in solid form at ambient temperatures. For industrial applications, as well as in the arts, permanence and stability are desirable properties. Pigments that are not permanent are called fugitive. Fugitive pigments fade over time, or with exposure to light, while some eventually blacken. Pigments are used for coloring paint, ink, plastic, fabric, cosmetics, food and other materials. Most pigments used in manufacturing and the visual arts are dry colorants, usually ground into a fine powder. This powder is added to a vehicle, a relatively neutral or colorless material that suspends the pigment and gives the paint its adhesion.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Pigment

    pig′ment, n. paint: any substance used for colouring: that which gives colour to animal and vegetable tissues.—adjs. Pigment′al, Pig′mentary.—n. Pig′ment-cell, a cell which secrets pigment. [L. pigmentumpingĕre, to paint.]

Editors Contribution

  1. pigment

    A color of a form of human skin or human matter.

    Our skin pigment defines if we have a specific color on our skin.

    Submitted by MaryC on July 9, 2020  

  2. pigment

    A color of animal or plant matter.

    Carotene is found in carrots.

    Submitted by MaryC on January 25, 2020  


  1. Pigment

    any coloring matter or material that gives a color appearance. {Scanner's comment: sic}

Matched Categories

How to pronounce pigment?

How to say pigment in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of pigment in Chaldean Numerology is: 3

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of pigment in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of pigment in a Sentence

  1. Jennifer Glass:

    The big question, and a topic of active scientific debate, is whether the purple bacteria living on the ancient Earth had the ability to protect themselves from UV radiation well enough to inhabit vast expanses of the land surface, like plants do on the modern Earth, the spectral signature of the pigment would be much stronger if the pigmented bacteria covered the land surface.

  2. Dr Homer:

    The fundamental principle is that under every brown eye is a blue eye, the only difference between a brown eye and a blue eye is this very thin layer of pigment on the surface. Bright like the sky.

  3. Crystal Aguh:

    You may be completely normal, completely healthy, but there could be something about the red pigment that your body just does not like, if you've never been exposed to it before there would be no way for you to know before getting the tattoo.

  4. Chad Eliason:

    Hummingbirds have bright, iridescent feathers, but if you took a hummingbird feather and smashed it into tiny pieces, you’d only see black dust. The pigment in the feathers is black, but the shapes of the melanosomes that produce that pigment are what make the colors in hummingbird feathers that we see.

  5. Michael Vecchione:

    This animal was particularly unusual because it lacked the pigment cells, called chromatophores, typical of most cephalopods, and it did not seem very muscular.

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"pigment." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 31 May 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/pigment>.

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