What does phosphatase mean?

Definitions for phosphatase
ˈfɒs fəˌteɪs, -ˌteɪzphos·phatase

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word phosphatase.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. phosphatasenoun

    any of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates

Wiktionary

  1. phosphatasenoun

    Any of several enzymes that hydrolyze phosphate esters, and are important in the metabolism of carbohydrates, nucleotides and phospholipids, and in the formation of bone.

ChatGPT

  1. phosphatase

    A phosphatase is a type of enzyme that removes a phosphate group from its substrate by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl group. This process is called dephosphorylation. Phosphatases are involved in various biological functions, such as cell signaling, cell cycle regulation and metabolic regulation.

Wikidata

  1. Phosphatase

    A phosphatase is an enzyme that removes a phosphate group from its substrate by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl group. This action is directly opposite to that of phosphorylases and kinases, which attach phosphate groups to their substrates by using energetic molecules like ATP. A common phosphatase in many organisms is alkaline phosphatase. Protein phosphorylation is the most common and important form of reversible protein posttranslational modification, with up to 30% of all proteins being phosphorylated at any given time. Protein kinases are the effectors of phosphorylation and catalyse the transfer of a γ-phosphate from ATP to specific amino acids on proteins. Several hundred PKs exist in mammals and are classified into distinct super-families. Proteins are phosphorylated predominantly on Ser, Thr and Tyr residues, which account for 86, 12 and 2% respectively of the phosphoproteome, at least in mammals. In contrast, protein phosphatases are the primary effectors of dephosphorylation and can be grouped into three main classes based on sequence, structure and catalytic function. The largest class of PPs is the phosphoprotein phosphatase family comprising PP1, PP2A, PP2B, PP4, PP5, PP6 and PP7, and the protein phosphatase Mg2+- or Mn2+-dependent family, composed primarily of PP2C. The protein Tyr phosphatase super-family forms the second group, and the aspartate-based protein phosphatases the third.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of phosphatase in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of phosphatase in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

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"phosphatase." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 16 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/phosphatase>.

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