What does pessimism mean?

Definitions for pessimism
ˈpɛs əˌmɪz əmpes·simism

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word pessimism.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. pessimismnoun

    the feeling that things will turn out badly

  2. pessimismnoun

    a general disposition to look on the dark side and to expect the worst in all things


  1. pessimismnoun

    A general belief that bad things will happen.

  2. pessimismnoun

    The doctrine that this world is the worst of all possible worlds.


  1. Pessimism

    Pessimism is a negative mental attitude in which an undesirable outcome is anticipated from a given situation. Pessimists tend to focus on the negatives of life in general. A common question asked to test for pessimism is "Is the glass half empty or half full?"; in this situation, a pessimist is said to see the glass as half empty, while an optimist is said to see the glass as half full. Throughout history, the pessimistic disposition has had effects on all major areas of thinking.


  1. pessimism

    Pessimism is a general disposition or state of mind in which one anticipates negative outcomes or believes that bad things will happen. This belief system can apply to all aspects of life, including personal events, global events, relationships, health, finances, and general expectations of others. It is the opposite of optimism, where one generally expects positive outcomes.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Pessimismnoun

    the opinion or doctrine that everything in nature is ordered for or tends to the worst, or that the world is wholly evil; -- opposed to optimism

  2. Pessimismnoun

    a disposition to take the least hopeful view of things

  3. Etymology: [L. pessimus worst, superl. of pejor worse: cf. F. pessimisme. Cf. Impair.]


  1. Pessimism

    Pessimism is a state of mind in which one anticipates undesirable outcomes or believes that the evil or hardships in life outweigh the good or luxuries. Value judgments may vary dramatically between individuals, even when judgments of fact are undisputed. The most common example of this phenomenon is the "Is the glass half empty or half full?" situation. The degree in which situations like these are evaluated as something good or something bad can be described in terms of one's optimism or pessimism respectively. Throughout history, the pessimistic disposition has had effects on all major areas of thinking. Philosophical pessimism is the related idea that views the world in a strictly anti-optimistic fashion. This form of pessimism is not an emotional disposition as the term commonly connotes. Instead, it is a philosophy or worldview that directly challenges the notion of progress and what may be considered the faith-based claims of optimism. Philosophical pessimists are often existential nihilists believing that life has no intrinsic meaning or value. Their responses to this situation however are widely varied and are often life-affirming.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Pessimism

    pes′i-mizm, n. the doctrine that on the whole the world is bad rather than good: a temper of mind that looks too much on the dark side of things: a depressing view of life.—v.i. Pess′imise.—n. Pess′imist, one who believes that everything is tending to the worst: one who looks too much on the dark side of things—opp. to Optimist.—adjs. Pessimis′tic, -al. [L. pessimus, worst.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Pessimism

    a name given now to a habit of feeling, now to a system of opinion; as the former it denotes a tendency to dwell on the dark or gloomy side of things, culminating in a sense of their vanity and nothingness, while in the latter it is applied to all systems of opinion which lay the finger on some black spot in the structure of the life of the world or of the universe, which so long as it remains is thought to render it unworthy of existence.

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How to say pessimism in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of pessimism in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of pessimism in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Examples of pessimism in a Sentence

  1. Chris Beauchamp:

    US markets are down much more sharply over the last month, so much of the pessimism might be priced in.

  2. Emil Cioran:

    Only one endowed with restless vitality is susceptible to pessimism. You become a pessimist --a demonic, elemental, bestial pessimist --only when life has been defeated many times in its fight against depression.

  3. Finance Minister Heng Swee Keat:

    We must not let pessimism take hold, lest it creates self-fulfilling expectations.

  4. Ben Le Brun:

    Traders and investors are torn which way prices are going to break. It's a knife edge between optimism and pessimism.

  5. Steven Englander:

    The key driver is this immense pessimism in asset markets, unwillingness to hold anything but the safest assets.

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Translations for pessimism

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"pessimism." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 23 Jul 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/pessimism>.

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    (of especially persons) lacking sense or understanding or judgment
    A arbitrary
    B unsealed
    C aculeate
    D soft-witted

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