What does perennial mean?

Definitions for perennial
pəˈrɛn i əlperen·ni·al

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word perennial.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. perennialadjective

    (botany) a plant lasting for three seasons or more

  2. perennialadjective

    lasting three seasons or more

    "the common buttercup is a popular perennial plant"

  3. perennialadjective

    lasting an indefinitely long time; suggesting self-renewal

    "perennial happiness"

  4. perennial, recurrent, repeatedadjective

    recurring again and again

    "perennial efforts to stipulate the requirements"


  1. perennialnoun

    A perennial plant; a plant that is active throughout the year or survives for more than two growing seasons. Compare annual, biennial.

  2. perennialadjective

    Lasting or remaining active throughout the year, or all the time.

    a perennial stream

  3. perennialadjective

    Having a life cycle of more than two years. Compare annual, biennial.

  4. perennialadjective

    Continuing without cessation or intermission; perpetual; permanent; unceasing; never failing.

  5. perennialadjective

    Enduring; lasting; timeless.

    His artwork has a perennial beauty.

  6. perennialadjective

    Recurrent; appearing or recurring again and again.

    Change is a perennial theme in politics.

  7. Etymology: 1644, from perennis, from per- + annus.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Perennialadjective

    Etymology: perennis, Latin.

    If the quantity were precisely the same in these perennial fountains, the difficulty would be greater. George Cheyne.

    The matter wherewith these perennial clouds are raised, is the sea that surrounds them. Gideon Harvey.


  1. perennial

    A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant that lives more than two years. The term (per- + -ennial, "through the years") is often used to differentiate a plant from shorter-lived annuals and biennials. The term is also widely used to distinguish plants with little or no woody growth (secondary growth in girth) from trees and shrubs, which are also technically perennials.Perennials—especially small flowering plants—that grow and bloom over the spring and summer, die back every autumn and winter, and then return in the spring from their rootstock or other overwintering structure, are known as herbaceous perennials. However, depending on the rigours of local climate (temperature, moisture, organic content in the soil, microorganisms), a plant that is a perennial in its native habitat, or in a milder garden, may be treated by a gardener as an annual and planted out every year, from seed, from cuttings, or from divisions. Tomato vines, for example, live several years in their natural tropical/subtropical habitat but are grown as annuals in temperate regions because their above-ground biomass doesn't survive the winter. There is also a class of evergreen perennials which lack woody stems, such as Bergenia which retain a mantle of leaves throughout the year. An intermediate class of plants is known as subshrubs, which retain a vestigial woody structure in winter, e.g. Penstemon. The symbol for a perennial plant, based on Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, is represented by the symbol: , which is also the astronomical symbol for the planet Jupiter.


  1. perennial

    A perennial is a plant that lives for more than two years, often producing new growth and flowers each year. Unlike annuals that complete their life cycles within a single year, perennials have the ability to survive dormant periods and continue to grow and bloom for multiple years. These plants are known for their longevity and ability to adapt to various environmental conditions.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Perennialadjective

    ing or continuing through the year; as, perennial fountains

  2. Perennialadjective

    continuing without cessation or intermission; perpetual; unceasing; never failing

  3. Perennialadjective

    continuing more than two years; as, a perennial steam, or root, or plant

  4. Perennialnoun

    a perennial plant; a plant which lives or continues more than two years, whether it retains its leaves in winter or not

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Perennial

    pe-ren′i-al, adj. lasting through the year: perpetual: never failing: growing constantly: (bot.) lasting more than two years: of insects, living more than one year.—n. a plant which lives more than two years.—v.i. Perenn′ate, to live perennially.—n. Perennā′tion.—adv. Perenn′ially. [L. perennisper, through, annus, a year.]

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How to pronounce perennial?

How to say perennial in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of perennial in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of perennial in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of perennial in a Sentence

  1. President Biden:

    The soul of America is animated by the perennial battle between our worst instincts, which we've seen of late, and our better angels, between ‘me first’ and ‘we the people.’ Between greed and generosity. Cruelty and kindness. Captivity and freedom.

  2. Marty Wilson:

    We had to deal with that a lot in the Senate race, and there were employees that were disgruntled that would say bad things, it's a perennial challenge for business candidates to run for any office ... The fact is, business people have to make tough decisions.

  3. Clifford V. Villalon:

    There are still many unseen, unvisited places in the world where decency of life is needed. Poverty is not the problem, but access to better living is the perennial dilemma.

  4. Raj Dasgupta:

    It's unfortunate, but it's almost like a rite of passage in a college student to pull the perennial all-nighter even though we know that's not what you're supposed to do.

  5. Salim Furth:

    This is not just a President Trump phenomenon, job numbers come out and this is a perennial, it’s my job as an economist to say, well, let’s not read too much into it.

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Translations for perennial

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"perennial." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 18 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/perennial>.

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    one whose prevailing mental imagery takes the form of inner feelings of action
    A motile
    B bibulous
    C commensal
    D jejune

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