What does penitentiary mean?
Definitions for penitentiary
ˌpɛn ɪˈtɛn ʃə ripen·i·ten·tia·ry
This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word penitentiary.
a correctional institution for those convicted of major crimes
used for punishment or reform of criminals or wrongdoers
showing or constituting penance
"penitential tears"; "wrote a penitential letter apologizing for her hasty words"
A state or federal prison for convicted felons.
(Roman Catholic Church) A priest who administers the sacrament of penance.
of or relating to penance; penitential
of or relating to the punishment of criminals
Etymology: From penitentiaria, term used by the Quakers in Pennsylvania during the 1790s, describing a place for penitents to dwell upon their sins.
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
Etymology: penitencier, Fr. pœnitentiarius, low Latin.
Upon the loss of Urbin, the duke’s undoubted right, no penitentiary, though he had enjoined him never so straight pennance to expiate his first offence, would have counselled him to have given over pursuit of his right, which he prosperously re-obtained. Francis Bacon.
The great penitentiary with his counsellors prescribes the measure of pennance. John Ayliffe, Parergon.
A prison restrained John Northampton’s liberty, who, for abusing the same in his unruly mayoralty of London, was condemned hither as a perpetual penitentiary. Carew.
To maintain a painful fight against the law of sin, is the work of the penitentiary. Henry Hammond.
A prison, also known as a jail, gaol (dated, British English, Australian, South African and historically in Canada), penitentiary (American English and Canadian English), detention center (or detention centre outside the US), correction center, correctional facility, lock-up, hoosegow or remand center, is a facility in which inmates (or prisoners) are confined against their will and usually denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state as punishment for various crimes. Prisons are most commonly used within a criminal justice system: people charged with crimes may be imprisoned until their trial; those pleading or being found guilty of crimes at trial may be sentenced to a specified period of imprisonment. In simplest terms, a prison can also be described as a building in which people are legally held as a punishment for a crime they have committed. Prisons can also be used as a tool of political repression by authoritarian regimes. Their perceived opponents may be imprisoned for political crimes, often without trial or other legal due process; this use is illegal under most forms of international law governing fair administration of justice. In times of war, prisoners of war or detainees may be detained in military prisons or prisoner of war camps, and large groups of civilians might be imprisoned in internment camps. In American English, the terms prison and jail have separate definitions, though this is not always strictly adhered to in casual speech. A prison or penitentiary holds people for longer periods of time, such as many years, and is operated by a state or federal government. A jail holds people for shorter periods of time (e.g. for shorter sentences or pre-trial detention) and is usually operated by a local government, typically the county sheriff. Outside of North America, prison and jail often have the same meaning.
relating to penance, or to the rules and measures of penance
expressive of penitence; as, a penitentiary letter
used for punishment, discipline, and reformation
one who prescribes the rules and measures of penance
one who does penance
a small building in a monastery where penitents confessed
that part of a church to which penitents were admitted
an office of the papal court which examines cases of conscience, confession, absolution from vows, etc., and delivers decisions, dispensations, etc. Its chief is a cardinal, called the Grand Penitentiary, appointed by the pope
an officer in some dioceses since A. D. 1215, vested with power from the bishop to absolve in cases reserved to him
a house of correction, in which offenders are confined for punishment, discipline, and reformation, and in which they are generally compelled to labor
Etymology: [Cf. F. pnitentiaire.]
Etymology and Origins
The modern name for a “Magdalen Hospital,” designed as a home or refuge for fallen women who are penitent. This term was adopted also by the Quakers of Philadelphia in 1786 for a prison.
The numerical value of penitentiary in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of penitentiary in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Examples of penitentiary in a Sentence
Brazilian Justice Minister Sergio Moro:
If they return to Brazil, they will get a one-way ticket to a federal penitentiary.
He is his own most dangerous enemy if he gets on the witness stand, that's what could trigger a ride to the penitentiary. Judges do not like perjury.
Oakland Hills looked more like a penitentiary than a golf course.
My client and I hope that he is sentenced to the absolute maximum federal penitentiary time.
All [zoos] actually offer to the public in return for the taxes spent upon them is a form of idle and witless amusement, compared to which a visit to a penitentiary, or even to a State legislature in session, is informing, stimulating and ennobling.
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"penitentiary." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 26 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/penitentiary>.
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