What does over mean?

Definitions for over
ˈoʊ vərover

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word over.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. overadjective

    (cricket) the division of play during which six balls are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch

  2. complete, concluded, ended, over(p), all over, terminatedadverb

    having come or been brought to a conclusion

    "the harvesting was complete"; "the affair is over, ended, finished"; "the abruptly terminated interview"

  3. overadverb

    at or to a point across intervening space etc.

    "come over and see us some time"; "over there"

  4. overadverb

    throughout an area

    "he is known the world over"

  5. over, o'eradverb

    throughout a period of time

    "stay over the weekend"

  6. overadverb

    beyond the top or upper surface or edge; forward from an upright position

    "a roof that hangs over";

  7. all over, overadverb

    over the entire area

    "the wallpaper was covered all over with flowers"; "she ached all over"; "everything was dusted over with a fine layer of soot"


  1. Overadjective

    Excessive; too much or too great; -- chiefly used in composition; as, overwork, overhaste, overreaction.

  2. overadverb

    Excessively; too much or too greatly; -- chiefly used in composition; as, overwork, overhasty, overeager, overanxious, overreact, overcook.


  1. overnoun

    A set of six legal balls bowled.

  2. overnoun

    Any surplus amount of money, goods delivered, etc.

  3. overadverb

    Again; another time; once more.

    I lost my paper and I had to do the entire assignment over.

  4. overadverb

    Thoroughly; completely; from beginning to end.

  5. overadverb

    From an upright position to being horizontal.

  6. overadverb

    Horizontally; left to right or right to left.

  7. overadverb

    Overnight .

  8. overadjective

    Finished; ended or concluded.

    The show is over.

  9. overadjective

    (as a prefix): To excess.

  10. overpreposition

    On top of; above; higher than; further up.

  11. overpreposition

    Across or spanning.

    There is a bridge over the river.

  12. overpreposition

    In such a way as to cover.

  13. overpreposition

    More than; to a greater degree.

    I prefer the purple over the pink.

  14. overpreposition

    Beyond; past; exceeding; too much or too far.

    I think I'm over my limit for calories for today.

  15. overpreposition

    Divided by.

    four over two equals two over one.

  16. overpreposition

    As compared to.

    Sales are down this quarter over last.

  17. overpreposition

    From one position or state to another.

  18. overpreposition

    From one physical position to another via an obstacle that must be traversed vertically, first upwards and then downwards.

  19. overinterjection

    In radio communications: end of sentence, ready to receive reply.

    How do you receive? Over!

  20. overpreposition

    Finished with; done with; from one state to another via a hindrance that must be solved or defeated; or via a third state that represents a significant difference from the first two.

  21. overpreposition

    While using, while consuming.

  22. overpreposition

    concerning or regarding

  23. Etymology: ofer; akin to Dutch over, German über, ubir, ubar, Danish over, Swedish över, Icelandic yfir, Gothic 033F034603300342, Latin super, ὑπέρ, Albanian epër, Sanskrit उपरि.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Over

    hath a double signification in the names of places, according to the different situations of them. If the place be upon or near a river, it comes from the Saxon ofre , a brink or bank: but if there is in the neighbourhood another of the same name, distinguished by the addition of nether, then over is from the Gothick ufar, above. Edmund Gibson Camden.

  2. Overadverb

    Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down and shaken together and running over, shall men give. Luke vi. 38.

    Even here likewise the laws of nature and reason be of necessary use; yet somewhat over and besides them is necessary, namely human and positive law. Richard Hooker, b. i.

    And when they had mete it, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack. Ex. xvi. 18.

    The ordinary soldiers having all their pay, and a month’s pay over, were sent into their countries. John Hayward.

    The eastern people determined their digit by the breadth of barley corns, six making a digit, and twenty-four a hand’s breadth: a small matter over or under. Arbuthnot.

    The fan of an Indian king, made of the feathers of a peacock’s tail, composed into a round form, bound altogether with a circular rim, above a foot over. Nehemiah Grew.

    This golden cluster the herald delivereth to the Tirsan, who delivereth it over to that son that he had formerly chosen. Francis Bacon, New Atlantis.

    It hath a white berry, but is not brought over with the coral. Francis Bacon, Nat. History.

    They brought new customs and new vices o’er;
    Taught us more arts than honest men require. Philips.

    The first came out red all over, like an hairy garment. Gen. xxv. 25.

    Soliman pausing a little upon the matter, the heat of his fury being something over, suffered himself to be intreated. Richard Knolles, Hist. of the Turks.

    Meditate upon the effects of anger; and the best time to do this, is to look back upon anger when the fit is over. Francis Bacon.

    What the garden choicest bears
    To sit and taste, till this meridian heat
    Be over, and the sun more cool decline. John Milton.

    The act of stealing was soon over, and cannot be undone, and for it the sinner is only answerable to God or his vicegerent. Jeremy Taylor, Rule of Living Holy.

    He will, as soon as his first surprize is over, justly begin to wonder how such a favour came to be bestowed on him. Francis Atterbury, Sermons.

    There youths and nymphs in consort gay,
    Shall hail the rising, close the parting day;
    With me, alas! with me those joys are o’er,
    For me the vernal garlands bloom no more. Alexander Pope.

    Have you read o’er the letters I sent you? William Shakespeare.

    Let them argue over all the topicks of divine goodness and human weakness, yet how trifling must be their plea! Robert South, Sermons.

    He o’er and o’er divides him,
    ’Twixt his unkindness and his kindness. William Shakespeare.

    Sitting or standing still confin’d to roar,
    In the same verse, the same rules o’er and o’er. Dryden.

    Longing they look, and gaping at the sight,
    Devour her o’er and o’er with vast delight. Dryden.

    Thou, my Hector, art thyself alone,
    My parents, brothers, and my lord in one:
    O kill not all my kindred o’er again,
    Nor tempt the dangers of the dusty plain;
    But in this tow’r, for our defence, remain. Dryden.

    Whenever children forget, or do an action aukwardly, make them do it over and over again, till they are perfect. John Locke, on Education.

    If this miracle of Christ’s rising from the dead, be not sufficient to convince a resolved libertine, neither would the rising of one now from the dead be sufficient for that purpose; since it would only be the doing that over again which hath been done already. Francis Atterbury.

    The most learned will never find occasion to act over again what is fabled of Alexander the Great, that when he had conquered the eastern world, he wept for want of more worlds to conquer. Isaac Watts.

    The word symbol should not seem to be over difficult. Thomas Baker.

    Moses took the redemption money of them that were over and above. Numb. iii. 49.

    He gathered a great mass of treasure, and gained over and above the good will and esteem of all people wherever he came. Roger L'Estrange.

    In Ticinum is a church with windows only from above. It reporteth the voice thirteen times, if you stand by the close end of the wall, over against the door. Francis Bacon.

    I visit his picture, and place myself over against it whole hours together. Joseph Addison, Spectator, №. 241.

    Over against this church stands a large hospital, erected by a shoemaker. Joseph Addison, on Italy.

    Devilish Macbeth,
    By many of these trains hath sought to win me
    Into his pow’r: and modest wisdom plucks me
    From over-credulous haste. William Shakespeare, Macbeth.

    St. Hierom reporteth, that he saw a satyr; but the truth hereof I will not rashly impugn, or over-boldly affirm. Henry Peacham.

    These over-busy spirits, whose labour is their only reward, hunt a shadow and chase the wind. Decay of Piety.

    If the ferment of the breast be vigorous, an over-fermentation in the part, produceth a phlegmon. Richard Wiseman.

    A gangrene doth arise in phlegmons, through the unseasonable application of over-cold medicaments. Richard Wiseman.

    Poets, like lovers, should be bold and dare,
    They spoil their business with an over-care:
    And he who servilely creeps after sense,
    Is safe, but ne’er will reach an excellence. Dryden.

    Wretched man! o’erfeeds
    His cramm’d desires, with more than nature needs. Dryd.

    Bending o’er the cup, the tears she shed,
    Seem’d by the posture to discharge her head,
    O’er-fill’d before. John Dryden, Boccace.

    Crude humour or phlegm, are produced by over-digestion. John Floyer.

    As they are likely to over-flourish their own case, so their flattery is hardest to be discovered: for who would imagine that himself was guilty of putting tricks upon himself? Collier.

    He has afforded us only the twilight of probability; suitable to that state of mediocrity he has placed us in here; wherein to check our over-confidence and presumption, we might, by every day’s experience, be made sensible of our shortsightedness. John Locke.

    This part of grammar has been much neglected, as some others over-diligently cultivated. It is easy for men to write one after another, of cases and genders. John Locke.

    It is an ill way of establishing this truth, and silencing atheists, to take some men’s having that idea of God in their minds, for the only proof of a deity; and out of an over-fondness of that darling invention, cashier all other arguments. John Locke.

    A grown person surfeiting with honey, no sooner hears the name of it, but his fancy immediately carries sickness and qualms to his stomach: had this happened to him by an over-dose of honey, when a child, all the same effects would have followed, but the cause would have been mistaken, and the antipathy counted natural. John Locke.

    He over-acted his part; his passions, when once let loose, were too impetuous to be managed. Francis Atterbury.

    Take care you over-burn not the turf; it is only to be burnt so as may make it break. John Mortimer.

    Don’t over-fatigue the spirits, lest the mind be seized with a lassitude, and thereby nauseate and grow tir’d of a particular subject. Isaac Watts.

    The memory of the learner should not be too much crowded with a tumultuous heap of ideas, one idea effaces another.
    An over-greedy grasp does not retain the largest handful. Isaac Watts.

  3. Overprep.

    Etymology: ufar, Gothick; ofre , Saxon.

    How happy some, o’er other some can be!
    Thro’ Athens I am thought as fair as she. William Shakespeare.

    Young Pallas shone conspicuous o’er the rest;
    Gilded his arms, embroider’d was his vest. Dryden.

    High, over all, was your great conduct shown,
    You sought our safety, but forgot your own. Dryden.

    The commentary which attends this poem, will have one advantage over most commentaries, that it is not made upon conjectures. Alexander Pope, Dunciad. Advert. to.

    And it will afford field enough for a divine to enlarge on, by shewing the advantages which the Christian world has over the Heathen. Jonathan Swift.

    The church has over her bishops, able to silence the factious, no less by their preaching than by their authority. South.

    Captain, yourself are the fittest to live and reign not over, but next and immediately under the people. Dryden.

    He was more than over shoes in love. William Shakespeare.

    The street should see as she walkt over head. William Shakespeare.

    Thrice happy is that humble pair,
    Beneath the level of all care;
    Over whose heads those arrows fly,
    Of sad distrust and jealousy. Edmund Waller.

    Certain lakes and pits, such as that of Avennes poison birds which fly over them. Francis Bacon, Nat. Hist.

    The geese fly o’er the barn, the bees in arms
    Drive headlong from their waxen cells in swarms. Dryd.

    All the world over, those that received not the commands of Christ and his doctrines of purity and perseverance, were signally destroyed. Henry Hammond.

    Wise governours have as great a watch over fames, as they have of the actions and designs. Francis Bacon.

    Angelic quires
    Sung heav’nly anthems of his victory
    O’er temptation and the tempter proud. John Milton.

    On their intended journey to proceed,
    And o’er night whatso thereto did need. Hubberd.


  1. Over

    Over is a song written by Paul Jenkins and David Elliott Johnson and recorded by American country music artist Blake Shelton. It was released in May 2012 as the fourth and final single from Shelton's 2011 album Red River Blue. The song reached number one on the US Billboard Hot Country Songs chart in September 2012. It was originally released in 2007 as a track on Burn Out Bright, the debut and only album released by Jenkins's band, The Royce.


  1. over

    Over can be used as a preposition, adverb, adjective, or prefix, and it generally refers to something that is above or beyond a certain point or limit. It can indicate a spatial or physical position, a quantity or measurement exceeding a specific amount, or a concept or action that surpasses or transcends a particular condition or expectation.


  1. Over

    In the sport of cricket, an over is a set of six balls bowled from one end of a cricket pitch. In a normal over, a single bowler delivers six balls in succession, from one end of the pitch, to the batsman at the other end. After six deliveries, the umpire calls 'over'; the fielding team switches ends, and a different bowler is selected to bowl an over from the opposite end of the pitch, while the batsmen do not change ends. The captain of the fielding team decides which bowler will bowl any given over, and no bowler may bowl two overs in succession. An over must consist of six legal deliveries. If the bowler bowls a wide or a no ball, that illegal delivery is not counted towards the six-ball tally, and another delivery will need to be bowled in its place. In the event that a bowler is injured, or is sent out of the attack by the umpire, during the middle of an over, a team-mate completes any remaining deliveries. Because a bowler may not bowl consecutive overs, the general tactic is for the captain to appoint two bowlers to alternate overs from opposite ends. When one bowler tires or becomes ineffective, the captain will replace that bowler with another. The period of time during which a bowler bowls every alternate over is known as a spell.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Over

    ō′vėr, prep. higher than in place, rank, value, &c.: across: on the surface of: upon the whole surface of: through: concerning: on account of: longer than.—adv. on the top: above: across: from one side, person, &c. to another: above in measure: too much: in excess: left remaining: at an end: completely.—adj. upper or superior (often used as a prefix, as in overcoat, overlord, &c.): beyond: past.—n. the number of balls delivered at cricket between successive changes of bowlers: an excess, overplus.—v.t. to go, leap, or vault over.—v.i. to go over.—Over again, afresh, anew; Over against, opposite; Over and above, in addition to: besides; Over and over, several times: repeatedly; Over head and ears, beyond one's depth: completely; Over seas, to foreign lands.—All over, completely: at an end. [A.S. ofer; Ger. über, L. super, Gr. huper.]

Military Dictionary and Gazetteer

  1. over

    Above in place, position, or authority; as, he was placed in command over Lord Monkton.

Suggested Resources

  1. OVER

    What does OVER stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the OVER acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. OVER

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Over is ranked #24112 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Over surname appeared 1,044 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Over.

    87.5% or 914 total occurrences were White.
    6.2% or 65 total occurrences were Black.
    3.3% or 35 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    2.1% or 22 total occurrences were of two or more races.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'over' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #109

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'over' in Written Corpus Frequency: #211

  3. Adverbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'over' in Adverbs Frequency: #23

How to pronounce over?

How to say over in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of over in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of over in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6

Examples of over in a Sentence

  1. Joyce Lawson:

    Half the night I've got troopers all over the place, and all day, too.

  2. Bernhard Langer:

    Its always special to walk down 18 in a major, but especially over here, the people are so knowledgeable about golf, and its tremendous how they even came out in these conditions and cheered us on in the rain.

  3. Phil Thomas:

    Saturday night after the ASU footballgame...we took down our 24-foot inflatable Chick-Fil-A cow that says ‘Eat More Chicken’…and stowed it my truck for a few hours until we could get over to the storage unit.

  4. Kim Alexander:

    We’ve done this for over 50 years, ever since software was first introduced into the vote-counting process, many counties are in the process of conducting their post-election manual tallies right now and the public can watch.

  5. Jeff Volek:

    The vast majority of adults in the U.S. (well over 100 million people) are consuming too many carbs relative to their tolerance, which is why low-fat diets don’t work for most people. A strong body of research demonstrates that cutting back on carbs is a safe, effective and sustainable approach to improving weight and metabolic health.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for over

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    relating to a technique that does not involve puncturing the skin or entering a body cavity
    A suspicious
    B profound
    C abrupt
    D noninvasive

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