What does nihilism mean?

Definitions for nihilism
ˈnaɪ əˌlɪz əm, ˈni-ni·hilism

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word nihilism.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. nihilismnoun

    a revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake

  2. nihilistic delusion, nihilismnoun

    the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist; a sense that everything is unreal

  3. nihilismnoun

    complete denial of all established authority and institutions

Wiktionary

  1. nihilismnoun

    Extreme skepticism, maintaining that nothing has a real existence.

    Etymology: From Nihilismus, itself from nihil + German -ismus '-ism', coined in 1817 by German philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, but repeatedly 'reinvented'.

  2. nihilismnoun

    The rejection of all moral principles.

    Etymology: From Nihilismus, itself from nihil + German -ismus '-ism', coined in 1817 by German philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, but repeatedly 'reinvented'.

  3. nihilismnoun

    (capitalized by protagonist Turgenev) A Russian anarchistic revolutionary doctrine (1860-1917) holding that conditions in the social organization are so bad as to make destruction desirable for its own sake, independent of any constructive program or possibility.

    Etymology: From Nihilismus, itself from nihil + German -ismus '-ism', coined in 1817 by German philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, but repeatedly 'reinvented'.

  4. nihilismnoun

    The belief that all endeavors are ultimately futile and devoid of meaning.

    "...the band members sweat hard enough to earn their pretensions, and maybe even their nihilism" (rock critic Dave Marsh, reviewing the band XTC's album Go)

    Etymology: From Nihilismus, itself from nihil + German -ismus '-ism', coined in 1817 by German philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, but repeatedly 'reinvented'.

  5. nihilismnoun

    Contradiction (not always deliberate) between behavior and espoused principle, to such a degree that all possible espoused principle is voided.

    Etymology: From Nihilismus, itself from nihil + German -ismus '-ism', coined in 1817 by German philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, but repeatedly 'reinvented'.

  6. nihilismnoun

    The deliberate refusal of belief, to the point that belief itself is rejected as untenable.

    Etymology: From Nihilismus, itself from nihil + German -ismus '-ism', coined in 1817 by German philosopher Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, but repeatedly 'reinvented'.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Nihilismnoun

    nothingness; nihility

    Etymology: [L. nihil nothing: cf. F. nihilisme. See Annihilate.]

  2. Nihilismnoun

    the doctrine that nothing can be known; scepticism as to all knowledge and all reality

    Etymology: [L. nihil nothing: cf. F. nihilisme. See Annihilate.]

  3. Nihilismnoun

    the theories and practices of the Nihilists

    Etymology: [L. nihil nothing: cf. F. nihilisme. See Annihilate.]

Freebase

  1. Nihilism

    Nihilism is the philosophical doctrine suggesting the negation of one or more putatively meaningful aspects of life. Most commonly, nihilism is presented in the form of existential nihilism, which argues that life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value. Moral nihilists assert that morality does not inherently exist, and that any established moral values are abstractly contrived. Nihilism can also take epistemological or metaphysical/ontological forms, meaning respectively that, in some aspect, knowledge is not possible, or that reality does not actually exist. The term nihilism is sometimes used in association with anomie to explain the general mood of despair at a perceived pointlessness of existence that one may develop upon realising there are no necessary norms, rules, or laws. Movements such as Futurism and deconstruction, among others, have been identified by commentators as "nihilistic" at various times in various contexts. Nihilism is also a characteristic that has been ascribed to time periods: for example, Jean Baudrillard and others have called postmodernity a nihilistic epoch, and some Christian theologians and figures of religious authority have asserted that postmodernity and many aspects of modernity represent a rejection of theism, and that rejection of their theistic doctrine entails nihilism.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Nihilism

    the principles of a movement on the part of the educated classes in Russia which repudiates the existing creed and organisation of society, and insists on a root and branch wholesale abolition of them and a reconstruction of them on communistic principles, and for the purely secular and everyday ends of common life, subordinating everything in the first place to the feeding, clothing, and lodging of human beings in a manner worthy of their rank in the scale of being. The term Nihilism is also applied to those philosophical systems which sweep the course clear of all incredibilities and irrationalities, but leave us bare of all our inherited spiritual possessions.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of nihilism in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of nihilism in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3

Examples of nihilism in a Sentence

  1. Scott C. Holstad:

    seeing is believing they say and if boundaries are limitless are we? or is existence twofold and doomed before the sights are set and if so does God really weep for humanity and must we continue to seek sustenance through escapism and do sporting events in all their microcosmic glory refute the tenets of nihilism or should we simply accept and wallow in our ignorance unbearable lightness of being creatures who feelwhat -- I don’t know

  2. Irving Kristol:

    The enemy of liberal capitalism today is not so much socialism as nihilism.

  3. Iggy Pop:

    Nihilism is best done by professionals.

  4. Jaroslaw Kaczynski:

    If someone fights this system, then regardless of whether they are a believer or nor, they favor nihilism.

  5. !Maybe?:

    Being a person in this world I'm am confused about how one could have everything and be upset. But in reality to have everything you must have the worst too. I recently have been researching nihilism and I have related since I was very young around 5 or 6 I've always know that the only certain thing is death and wondered why we must live by an unspoken law that stops us from being happy during our time in earth. I never understood how people find God to be more reliable then themselves when we are taught that for things to be credible you must know they exist. If I have known that nothing matters why the hell do I care so much. The people that act like they don't care what people think, know they are lying. So don't feel bad if you put in effort. Humans must care about unimportant things to have a will to live. It gives us a meaning even though the meaning is imaginary. It is a comfort. A blanket sheilding ones eyes from a horror film.

Images & Illustrations of nihilism

  1. nihilismnihilismnihilismnihilismnihilism

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Translations for nihilism

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    given to or marked by the consumption of alcohol
    • A. bibulous
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