What does neural mean?

Definitions for neural
ˈnʊər əl, ˈnyʊər-neu·ral

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word neural.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. nervous, neuraladjective

    of or relating to the nervous system

    "nervous disease"; "neural disorder"

  2. neural, neuronal, neuronicadjective

    of or relating to neurons

    "neural network"

Wiktionary

  1. neuraladjective

    Of, or relating to the nerves, neurons or the nervous system.

  2. neuraladjective

    Modelled on the arrangement of neurons in the brain.

  3. Etymology: From + -al.

Wikipedia

  1. Neural

    In biology, the nervous system is the highly complex part of an animal that coordinates its actions and sensory information by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body. The nervous system detects environmental changes that impact the body, then works in tandem with the endocrine system to respond to such events. Nervous tissue first arose in wormlike organisms about 550 to 600 million years ago. In vertebrates it consists of two main parts, the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. The PNS consists mainly of nerves, which are enclosed bundles of the long fibers or axons, that connect the CNS to every other part of the body. Nerves that transmit signals from the brain are called motor nerves or efferent nerves, while those nerves that transmit information from the body to the CNS are called sensory nerves or afferent. Spinal nerves are mixed nerves that serve both functions. The PNS is divided into three separate subsystems, the somatic, autonomic, and enteric nervous systems. Somatic nerves mediate voluntary movement. The autonomic nervous system is further subdivided into the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems. The sympathetic nervous system is activated in cases of emergencies to mobilize energy, while the parasympathetic nervous system is activated when organisms are in a relaxed state. The enteric nervous system functions to control the gastrointestinal system. Both autonomic and enteric nervous systems function involuntarily. Nerves that exit from the cranium are called cranial nerves while those exiting from the spinal cord are called spinal nerves. At the cellular level, the nervous system is defined by the presence of a special type of cell, called the neuron. Neurons have special structures that allow them to send signals rapidly and precisely to other cells. They send these signals in the form of electrochemical impulses traveling along thin fibers called axons, which can be directly transmitted to neighboring cells through electrical synapses or cause chemicals called neurotransmitters to be released at chemical synapses. A cell that receives a synaptic signal from a neuron may be excited, inhibited, or otherwise modulated. The connections between neurons can form neural pathways, neural circuits, and larger networks that generate an organism's perception of the world and determine its behavior. Along with neurons, the nervous system contains other specialized cells called glial cells (or simply glia), which provide structural and metabolic support. Nervous systems are found in most multicellular animals, but vary greatly in complexity. The only multicellular animals that have no nervous system at all are sponges, placozoans, and mesozoans, which have very simple body plans. The nervous systems of the radially symmetric organisms ctenophores (comb jellies) and cnidarians (which include anemones, hydras, corals and jellyfish) consist of a diffuse nerve net. All other animal species, with the exception of a few types of worm, have a nervous system containing a brain, a central cord (or two cords running in parallel), and nerves radiating from the brain and central cord. The size of the nervous system ranges from a few hundred cells in the simplest worms, to around 300 billion cells in African elephants.The central nervous system functions to send signals from one cell to others, or from one part of the body to others and to receive feedback. Malfunction of the nervous system can occur as a result of genetic defects, physical damage due to trauma or toxicity, infection, or simply senesence. The medical specialty of neurology studies disorders of the nervous system and looks for interventions that can prevent or treat them. In the peripheral nervous system, the most common problem is the failure of nerve conduction, which can be due to different causes including diabetic neuropathy and demyelinating disorders such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Neuroscience is the field of science that focuses on the study of the nervous system.

ChatGPT

  1. neural

    Neural refers to anything pertaining to nerves or the nervous system, which is the network of nerve cells in the body responsible for transmitting signals that control various functions and processes. In the context of artificial intelligence, a neural network is a system of hardware and/or software designed to mimic the human brain's capability of recognizing patterns and making decisions.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Neuraladjective

    relating to the nerves or nervous system; taining to, situated in the region of, or on the side with, the neural, or cerebro-spinal, axis; -- opposed to hemal. As applied to vertebrates, neural is the same as dorsal; as applied to invertebrates it is usually the same as ventral. Cf. Hemal

  2. Etymology: [Gr. ney^ron nerve.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Neural

    nū′ral, adj. pertaining to the nerves—also Neur′ic.—ns. Neuric′ity, nerve-force; Neuril′ity, the function of the nervous system—that of conducting stimuli.—Neural arch, the arch of a vertebra protecting the spinal cord. [Gr. neuron, a nerve.]

Anagrams for neural »

  1. Lauren

  2. ulnare

  3. unreal

  4. lunare

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of neural in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of neural in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of neural in a Sentence

  1. Ichiro Kobayashi:

    We aim to understand how the brain represents information about the real world, toward such a goal, we demonstrated that our algorithm can model and read out perceptual contents in the form of sentences from human brain activity. To do this, we modified an existing network model that could generate sentences from images using a deep neural network, a model of visual system, followed by an RNN (recurrent neural network), a model that can generate sentences. Specifically, using our dataset of movies and movie-evoked brain activity, we trained a new model that could infer activation patterns of DNN from brain activity.

  2. Joanna Steinglass:

    This study was the first to test the hypothesis that the behaviors in anorexia nervosa meet the cognitive neuroscience definition of ‘habit’, we found that while patients with anorexia nervosa make choices about food, they show related activity in the dorsal striatum, whereas healthy individuals do not. This suggests different neural mechanisms are active for these individuals.

  3. Simon Portegies Zwart:

    We now know that our method works, but we would certainly like to delve deeper in the research with a better neural network and with more input, the tricky part is that small disruptions in the orbit calculations can lead to major changes in the conclusions.

  4. Sebastien Tremblay:

    Being able to extract and read the neuronal code from higher-level areas of the brain could also lead to important breakthroughs in the emerging field of neural prosthetics, where people who are paralyzed used their thoughts to control objects in their environment.

  5. Abidemi Bolu Ajiboye:

    We had him watch the virtual arm move, he attempted to move his arm in the same way, and that elicited some patterns of cortical activity -- some patterns of electrical neural activity.

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Translations for neural

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"neural." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 12 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/neural>.

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