What does near mean?

Definitions for near

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word near.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. near, close, nighadjective

    not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances

    "near neighbors"; "in the near future"; "they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb"; "she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a close call"

  2. near(a), nigh(a)adjective

    being on the left side

    "the near or nigh horse is the one on the left"; "the animal's left side is its near or nigh side"

  3. nearadjective

    closely resembling the genuine article

    "near beer"; "a dress of near satin"

  4. cheeseparing, close, near, penny-pinching, skinnyadjective

    giving or spending with reluctance

    "our cheeseparing administration"; "very close (or near) with his money"; "a penny-pinching miserly old man"

  5. dear, good, nearadjective

    with or in a close or intimate relationship

    "a good friend"; "my sisters and brothers are near and dear"

  6. approximate, nearverb

    very close in resemblance

    "sketched in an approximate likeness"; "a near likeness"

  7. approach, near, come on, go up, draw near, draw close, come nearadverb

    move towards

    "We were approaching our destination"; "They are drawing near"; "The enemy army came nearer and nearer"

  8. near, nigh, closeadverb

    near in time or place or relationship

    "as the wedding day drew near"; "stood near the door"; "don't shoot until they come near"; "getting near to the true explanation"; "her mother is always near"; "The end draws nigh"; "the bullet didn't come close"; "don't get too close to the fire"

  9. about, almost, most, nearly, near, nigh, virtually, well-nighadverb

    (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; all but

    "the job is (just) about done"; "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"; "we're almost finished"; "the car all but ran her down"; "he nearly fainted"; "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"; "the recording is well-nigh perfect"; "virtually all the parties signed the contract"; "I was near exhausted by the run"; "most everyone agrees"


  1. nearverb

    To decrease the distance to something.

  2. nearadverb

    Having a small intervening distance with regard to something.

    I'm near sighted.

  3. nearadverb


  4. nearadjective

    physically close.

  5. nearadjective


    The end is near.

  6. nearadjective

    approximate, almost

    The two words are near synonyms.

  7. nearpreposition

    close to, in close proximity to.

  8. nearpreposition

    close to in time.

    The voyage was near completion.

  9. Etymology: From nere, ner, from near, influenced by nær, both originating from nēhwizô, comparative of the adverb nēhw, and from meg'hr-. Cognate with niar, nahor.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Nearadjective

    This city is near to flee unto. Gen. xix. 20.

    The will, free from the determination of such desires, is left to the pursuit of nearer satisfactions. John Locke.

    After he has continued his doubling in his thoughts, and enlarged his idea as much as he pleases, he is not one jot nearer the end of such addition than at first setting out. John Locke.

    Unless they add somewhat else to define more certainly what ceremonies shall stand for best, in such sort that all churches in the world shall know them to be the best, and so know them that there may not remain any question about this point; we are not a whit the nearer for that they have hitherto said. Richard Hooker, b. iv. s. 13.

    Hannibal Caro’s, in the Italian, is the nearest, the most poetical, and the most sonorous of any translation of the Æneid. Yet though he takes the advantage of blank verse, he commonly allows two lines for one in Virgil , and does not always hit his sense. Dryden.

    If one shall approach to any that is near of kin to him. Lev. xviii. 6.

    If I had a suit to master Shallow, I would humour his men with the imputation of being near their master. William Shakespeare.

    Ev’ry minute of his being thrusts
    Against my near’st of life. William Shakespeare, Macbeth.

    He could never judge that it was better to be deceived than not, in a matter of so great and near concernment. John Locke.

  2. Nearadverb

    Thou art near in their mouth, and far from their reins. Jer. xii. 2.

    He serv’d great Hector, and was ever near,
    Not with his trumpet only, but his spear. John Dryden, Æn.

    Self-pleasing and humourous minds are so sensible of every restraint, as they will go near to think their girdles and garters to be bonds and shackles. Francis Bacon, Essays, №. 8.

    This eagle shall go near, one time or other, to take you for a hare. Roger L'Estrange, Fable 107.

    He that paid a bushel of wheat per acre, would pay now about twenty-five pounds per annum; which would be near about the yearly value of the land. John Locke.

    The Castilian would rather have died in slavery himself, than paid such a sum as he found would go near to ruin him. Joseph Addison, Spectator.

  3. NEARprep.

    At no great distance from; close to; nigh.

    Etymology: ner , Saxon; naer, Dutch and Scottish.

    I have heard thee say,
    No grief did ever come so near thy heart,
    As when thy lady and thy true love died. William Shakespeare.

    Thou thought’st to help me, and such thanks I give,
    As one near death to those that wish him live. William Shakespeare.

    With blood the dear alliance shall be bought,
    And both the people near destruction brought. Dryden.

    To the warlike steed thy studies bend,
    Near Pisa’s flood the rapid wheels to guide. John Dryden, Virg.

    This child was very near being excluded out of the species of man, barely by his shape. John Locke.


  1. near

    Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous – Shoemaker (NEAR Shoemaker), renamed after its 1996 launch in honor of planetary scientist Eugene Shoemaker, was a robotic space probe designed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory for NASA to study the near-Earth asteroid Eros from close orbit over a period of a year. It was the first spacecraft to successfully orbit an asteroid and also land on an asteroid. In February 2000, the mission succeeded in closing in with the asteroid and afterwards orbited it several times. On February 12, 2001, the mission succeeded in touching down on the asteroid. It was terminated just over two weeks later.The primary scientific objective of NEAR was to return data on the bulk properties, composition, mineralogy, morphology, internal mass distribution and magnetic field of Eros. Secondary objectives include studies of regolith properties, interactions with the solar wind, possible current activity as indicated by dust or gas, and the asteroid spin state. This data will be used to help understand the characteristics of asteroids in general, their relationship to meteoroids and comets, and the conditions in the early Solar System. To accomplish these goals, the spacecraft was equipped with an X-ray/gamma-ray spectrometer, a near-infrared imaging spectrograph, a multi-spectral camera fitted with a CCD imaging detector, a laser rangefinder, and a magnetometer. A radio science experiment was also performed using the NEAR tracking system to estimate the gravity field of the asteroid. The total mass of the instruments was 56 kg (123 lb), requiring 80 watts of power.


  1. near

    Near refers to a short distance away from a specific point or place, in terms of physical space or time. It can also refer to being closely related or connected to something, as in ideas or relationships. Furthermore, it can describe a close resemblance or similarity. In general, 'near' describes close proximity or approximation in various contexts.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Nearadverb

    at a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh

  2. Nearadverb

    nearly; almost; well-nigh

  3. Nearadverb

    closely; intimately

  4. Nearadverb

    not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh

  5. Nearadverb

    closely connected or related

  6. Nearadverb

    close to one's interests, affection, etc.; touching, or affecting intimately; intimate; dear; as, a near friend

  7. Nearadverb

    close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling; as, a version near to the original

  8. Nearadverb

    so as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow; as, a near escape

  9. Nearadverb

    next to the driver, when he is on foot; in the Unted States, on the left of an animal or a team; as, the near ox; the near leg. See Off side, under Off, a

  10. Near

    immediate; direct; close; short

  11. Near

    close-fisted; parsimonious

  12. Near

    adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, the ship sailed near the land. See the Note under near, a

  13. Nearadverb

    to approach; to come nearer; as, the ship neared the land

  14. Nearverb

    to draw near; to approach

  15. Etymology: [See Near, adv.]


  1. Near

    Nate River, universally referred to by the mononym Near, is a fictional character in the manga and anime series Death Note. Near is the younger of the two successors of L who was investigating the methods and identity of Kira, the in-universe name given to the mysterious serial killer who murdered criminals by means of the eponymous Death Note. He becomes the leader of the SPK, an organization that looks into the Kira case, and in the end, succeeds in uncovering Kira's identity. He is voiced by Noriko Hidaka in the Japanese version anime, and Cathy Weseluck in the English dubbed version of the anime.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Near

    nēr, adj. nigh: not far away in place or time: close in kin or friendship: dear: following or imitating anything closely: close, narrow, so as barely to escape: short, as a road: greedy, stingy: on the left in riding or driving.—adv. at a little distance: almost: closely,—prep. close to.—v.t. and v.i. to approach: to come nearer.—adjs. Near′-by, adjacent; Near′-hand (Scot.), near—also adv. nearly.—adv. Near′ly, at no great distance: closely: intimately: pressingly: almost: stingily.—n. Near′ness, the state of being near: closeness: intimacy: close alliance: stinginess.—adj. Near′-sight′ed, seeing distinctly only when near, myopic, short-sighted.—n. Near′-sight′edness.—Near point, the nearest point the eye can focus. [A.S. neár, comp. of neáh, nigh; Ice. nær; Ger. näher.]

Suggested Resources

  1. NEAR

    What does NEAR stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the NEAR acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. NEAR

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Near is ranked #16349 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Near surname appeared 1,762 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 1 would have the surname Near.

    90.8% or 1,601 total occurrences were White.
    3.3% or 59 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    2.6% or 46 total occurrences were Asian.
    2.1% or 38 total occurrences were Black.
    0.7% or 13 total occurrences were of two or more races.
    0.2% or 5 total occurrences were American Indian or Alaskan Native.

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'near' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #714

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'near' in Written Corpus Frequency: #908

  3. Adverbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'near' in Adverbs Frequency: #330

  4. Adjectives Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'near' in Adjectives Frequency: #308

Anagrams for near »

  1. Arne

  2. earn

  3. nare

  4. Nera

How to pronounce near?

How to say near in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of near in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of near in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Examples of near in a Sentence

  1. State Senator Tom Davis:

    I made some headway yesterday in making a bad bill better, but it's nowhere near the point where I can support it, and I recognize to a significant degree that I'm breaking with my Senate Republicans brethren.

  2. James Macleod:

    I noticed you've got Candy keeping guard because, as we came down the corridor, she was not going to let us get anywhere near you, she gave a little growl as we came in.

  3. Tamer Kamal:

    Technically we are close to stable levels at which markets should pass through a consolidation phase before returning to rally to fair valuation levels in the near term.

  4. Societe Generale Andrew Holland:

    It's nowhere near fast enough to make up for the loss of mainstream, such as Budweiser or Bud Light.

  5. Bob Jenkins:

    As these near-term economic shocks subside, the very real [ ESG ] issues of things like climate change and equality will still be very present.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for near

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for near »


Find a translation for the near definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:


Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:


"near." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 23 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/near>.

Discuss these near definitions with the community:


    Are we missing a good definition for near? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Image or illustration of


    Credit »

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Browse Definitions.net


    Are you a words master?

    come up with (an idea, plan, explanation, theory, or principle) after a mental effort
    A huff
    B caddie
    C knead
    D excogitate

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for near: