civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
the entire body of physically fit civilians eligible by law for military service
"their troops were untrained militia"; "Congress shall have power to provide for calling forth the militia"--United States Constitution
An army of trained civilians, which may be an official reserve army, called upon in time of need; the national police force of a country (e.g. Russia, Ukraine, etc.); the entire able-bodied population of a state; or a private force, not under government control.
Origin: From militia, from miles.
in the widest sense, the whole military force of a nation, including both those engaged in military service as a business, and those competent and available for such service; specifically, the body of citizens enrolled for military instruction and discipline, but not subject to be called into actual service except in emergencies
military service; warfare
Origin: [L., military service, soldiery, fr. miles, militis, soldier: cf. F. milice.]
A militia, generally refers to an army or other fighting force that is composed of non-professional fighters; citizens of a nation or subjects of a state or government that can be called upon to enter a combat situation, as opposed to a professional force of regular soldiers or, historically, members of the fighting nobility. Some of the ways the term is used include: ⁕Defense activity or service, to protect a community, its territory, property, and laws. ⁕The entire able-bodied population of a community, town, county, or state, available to be called to arms. ⁕A subset of these who may be legally penalized for failing to respond to a call-up. ⁕A subset of these who actually respond to a call-up, regardless of legal obligation. ⁕A private, non-government force, not necessarily directly supported or sanctioned by its government. ⁕An official reserve army, composed of citizen soldiers. Called by various names in different countries such as; the Army Reserve, National Guard, or state defense forces. ⁕The national police forces in several former communist states such as the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries, but also in the non-aligned SFR Yugoslavia. The term was inherited in Russia, and other former CIS countries. See: Militia.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
mi-lish′a, n. a body of men enrolled and drilled as soldiers, but only liable to home service: (U.S.) the whole body of citizens capable of bearing arms.—n. Milit′iaman, a man or soldier in the militia force. [L. militia—miles, militis.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a body of troops in the British service for home defence, the members of which have as a rule never served in the regular army, nor have, except for a short period each year, any proper military training.
Dictionary of Nautical Terms
A military force raised by ballot.
Military Dictionary and Gazetteer
From the Latin miles, a “soldier,” a term which was formerly synonymous with “military,” or the whole fighting force of a country, but in modern times has come to signify the domestic force for the defense of a nation, as distinguished from the regular army, which can be employed at home or abroad in either aggressive or defensive operations. Every nation has a reserve, under its law military, upon which its defense would fall on the discomfiture of the regular army; but the system differs in each country. France has her Gardes Nationaux, Prussia the Landwehr and Landsturm, and similar organizations exist in other European states. It also comprehends the volunteer organizations of Great Britain and the United States. The laws of the United States require the enrollment into the militia of all able-bodied males between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, with certain exceptions specified in general and State laws. The militia of each State is required to be arranged into companies, battalions, regiments, brigades, and divisions, as the Legislature of the State may direct, and it shall be subject to military duty and shall serve a definite time. These organizations are to be officered by the respective States, the grades and number of officers being named in the laws requiring enrollment. The Constitution of the United States has given the power to Congress to provide for “calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions.” Congress by legislation has given the President the authority to call forth the militia under certain exigencies, as has been frequently done. When called into actual service of the United States, the militia receive pay from the government, and are subject to the Rules and Articles of War. The militia is therefore a part and parcel of the army of the United States, although in common use the term is limited to mean the regular army alone. The organized militia of the United States numbers 125,906 men, the number of men available for military duty unorganized, is 6,598,105.
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The numerical value of militia in Chaldean Numerology is: 6
The numerical value of militia in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
Examples of militia in a Sentence
Separate divisions of the (separatist) militia were subordinated to them.
They spray-painted (Shi’ite) on the gate to alert the other militia groups.
Let's not lump them all into an armed militia, imbonerakure is not a unitary actor.
I ask, Who are the militia They consist now of the whole people, except for a few public officers.
He is well and directing the southern and popular resistance in order to prevent the entrance of the militia forces into Aden.
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Translations for militia
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- милиция, народное ополчениеRussian
- милиција, milicijaSerbo-Croatian
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