What does mercury mean?

Definitions for mercury
ˈmɜr kyə rimer·cu·ry

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word mercury.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. mercury, quicksilver, hydrargyrum, Hg, atomic number 80noun

    a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures

  2. Mercurynoun

    (Roman mythology) messenger of Jupiter and god of commerce; counterpart of Greek Hermes

  3. Mercurynoun

    the smallest planet and the nearest to the sun

  4. mercurynoun

    temperature measured by a mercury thermometer

    "the mercury was falling rapidly"


  1. mercurynoun

    A metal.

  2. mercurynoun

    A plant.

  3. Mercurynoun

    The Roman god associated with speed, sometimes used as a messenger. He wore winged sandals. Mercury corresponded to the Greek god Hermes.

  4. Mercurynoun

    The planet in the solar system with the closest orbit to the Sun, named after the god; represented by .

  5. Etymology: From Mercury.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. MERCURYnoun

    1.The chemist’s name for quicksilver is mercury. Hill.

    Etymology: mercurius, Latin.

    The gall of animals and mercury kill worms; and the water in which mercury is boiled has this effect. Arbuthnot.

    Thus the mercury of man is fix’d,
    Strong grows the virtue with his nature mix’d;
    The dross cements what else were too refin’d,
    And in one int’rest body acts with mind. Alexander Pope.

  2. Mercurynoun

    A plant.

    Etymology: mercurialis, Latin.

    The leaves of the mercury are crenated, and grow by pairs opposite: the cup of the flower consists of one leaf, which expands and is cut into three segments; these are male and female in different places: the flowers of the male grow in long spikes, and consist of many stamina and apices, which are loaded with farina: the ovary of the female plant becomes a testiculated fruit, having a single round seed in each cell. Philip Miller.

    Herb mercury is of an emollient nature, and is eaten in the manner of spinach, which, when cultivated in a garden, it greatly excels. John Hill, Mat. Med.


  1. Mercury

    Mercury is a song by Bloc Party. It was produced by Jacknife Lee. Like "Flux", the band's previous single, the song uses mostly electronic instruments. The song was first played on Zane Lowe's show on Radio 1 on 7 July 2008 and was uploaded to the Radio 1 website about fifteen minutes later. The single was made available for digital download on 10 July 2008. The track was named Single of the Week by Drowned in Sound on 11 August 2008. It peaked at number 16 on the UK Singles Chart. The song also appeared in the EA Sports game Fight Night Round 4 as well as Rockstar Games game Midnight Club: Los Angeles. An official remix by Hervé, subtitled "Hervé Is in Disarray Remix", was released on 2009's Intimacy Remixed.


  1. mercury

    Mercury is a chemical element with the symbol Hg and atomic number 80. It is commonly known as quicksilver and is a heavy, silvery-white liquid metal at standard conditions, the only elemental metal to be so. It is categorized among the transition metals on the periodic table and demonstrates properties of high surface tension, high density, and low electrical resistivity. Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, florescent lamps, and other devices. It is also highly toxic to humans and the environment.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Mercurynoun

    a Latin god of commerce and gain; -- treated by the poets as identical with the Greek Hermes, messenger of the gods, conductor of souls to the lower world, and god of eloquence

  2. Mercurynoun

    a metallic element mostly obtained by reduction from cinnabar, one of its ores. It is a heavy, opaque, glistening liquid (commonly called quicksilver), and is used in barometers, thermometers, ect. Specific gravity 13.6. Symbol Hg (Hydrargyrum). Atomic weight 199.8. Mercury has a molecule which consists of only one atom. It was named by the alchemists after the god Mercury, and designated by his symbol, /

  3. Mercurynoun

    one of the planets of the solar system, being the one nearest the sun, from which its mean distance is about 36,000,000 miles. Its period is 88 days, and its diameter 3,000 miles

  4. Mercurynoun

    a carrier of tidings; a newsboy; a messenger; hence, also, a newspaper

  5. Mercurynoun

    sprightly or mercurial quality; spirit; mutability; fickleness

  6. Mercurynoun

    a plant (Mercurialis annua), of the Spurge family, the leaves of which are sometimes used for spinach, in Europe

  7. Mercuryverb

    to wash with a preparation of mercury

  8. Etymology: [L. Mercurius; akin to merx wares.]


  1. Mercury

    Mercury was an automobile marque of the Ford Motor Company launched in 1938 by Edsel Ford, son of Henry Ford, to market entry-level luxury cars slotted between Ford-branded regular models and Lincoln-branded luxury vehicles, similar to General Motors' Buick brand, and Chrysler's namesake brand. From 1945 to 2011, it was the Mercury half of the Lincoln - Mercury division of Ford. Using badge engineering, the majority of Mercury models were based on Ford platforms. The name "Mercury" is derived from the messenger of the gods of Roman mythology, and during its early years, the Mercury brand was known for performance, which was briefly revived in 2003 with the Mercury Marauder. The brand was sold in the United States, Mexico, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Middle East. In 1999, the Mercury brand was dropped in Canada, although the Grand Marquis was still marketed there wearing a Mercury badge through 2007. The Mercury brand was phased out in 2011, as Ford Motor Company refocused its marketing and engineering efforts on the Ford and Lincoln brands. Production of Mercury vehicles ceased in the fourth quarter of 2010. The final Mercury automobile, a Grand Marquis, rolled off the assembly line on January 4, 2011.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Mercury

    mėr′kū-ri, n. the god of merchandise and eloquence, and the messenger of the gods: the planet nearest the sun: a white, liquid metal, also called quicksilver: the column of mercury in a thermometer or barometer: a messenger: a newspaper.—adj. Mercū′rial, having the qualities said to belong to the god Mercury: active: sprightly: often changing: of or pertaining to trade: containing, or consisting of, mercury—also Mercū′ric.—v.t. Mercū′rialise (med.), to affect with mercury: to expose to the vapour of mercury.—n. Mercū′rialist.—adv. Mercū′rially.—n. Mercurificā′tion.—v.t. Mercū′rify.—adj. Mer′cūrous. [Fr.,—L. Mercuriusmerx, mercis, merchandise.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Mercury

    the Roman name for the Greek Hermes, the son of Jupiter and Maia, the messenger of the gods, the patron of merchants and travellers, and the conductor of the souls of the dead to the nether world.

  2. Mercury

    an interior planet of the Solar system, whose orbit is nearest the sun, the greatest distance being nearly 43,000,000 m. and the least over 28,000,000, is one-seventeenth the size of the earth, but is of greater density, and accomplishes its revolution in about 84 days; it is visible just before the sun rises and after it sets, but that very seldom owing to the sun's neighbourhood.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Mercury

    A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. mercury

    One of the ancient inferior planets, and the nearest to the sun, as far as we yet know. (See TRANSIT OF.) Also, a name for quicksilver; the fluid metal so useful in the construction of the marine barometer, thermometer, and artificial horizon.

Editors Contribution

  1. mercury

    A planet in the solar system.

    Mercury is a planet in the Solar System.

    Submitted by MaryC on May 3, 2015  

Suggested Resources

  1. mercury

    The mercury symbol -- In this Symbols.com article you will learn about the meaning of the mercury symbol and its characteristic.

  2. mercury

    Song lyrics by mercury -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by mercury on the Lyrics.com website.


  1. Mercury

    (Mer′cury), the son of Jupiter and Maia, was the messenger of the gods, and the conductor of the souls of the dead to Hades. He was the supposed inventor of weights and measures, and presided over orators and merchants. Mercury was accounted a most cunning thief, for he stole the bow and quiver of Apollo, the girdle of Venus, the trident of Neptune, the tools of Vulcan, and the sword of Mars, and he was therefore called the god of thieves. He is the supposed inventor of the lyre, which he exchanged with Apollo for the Caduceus. There was also an Egyptian Mercury under the name of Thoth, or Thaut, who is credited with having taught the Egyptians geometry and hieroglyphics. Hermes is the Greek name of Mercury. In art he is usually represented as having on a winged cap, and with wings on his heels.

    “And there, without the power to fly, Stands fix’d a tip-toe Mercury.” (Lloyd, 1750.)

    “Then fiery expedition be my wing, Jove’s Mercury, and herald for a king.”

    “Be Mercury, set feathers to thy heels And fly, like thought, from them to me again.” (Shakespeare.)

Who Was Who?

  1. Mercury

    Errand boy for the gods. Wore a pair of winged feet and feathers in his hat. Was also an artist's model. Ambition: A telegraph. Recreation: Same as the gods. Address: General delivery.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records


    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Mercury is ranked #76768 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Mercury surname appeared 250 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Mercury.

    50% or 125 total occurrences were White.
    42% or 105 total occurrences were Black.
    6.8% or 17 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.

How to pronounce mercury?

How to say mercury in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of mercury in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of mercury in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of mercury in a Sentence

  1. Mary Higgins Clark, Kitchen Privileges, A Memoir:

    Happines is like mercury. Hard to hold, and when we drop it, it shatters into a million pieces. Maybe the bravest of all are those who have the courage to reach for it again.

  2. David Blewett:

    MESSENGER has been a fantastic mission that has given humans our first global look at one of Earth's closest relatives, mercury turned out to be stranger than anyone would have guessed. It looks roughly like the moon, but MESSENGER has shown that Mercury is vastly different from the moon in just about every way.

  3. Mike Kirkland:

    Mercury is a natural occurring element in the environment and it is high in the Everglades, mercury bioaccumulates in the environment and you will find high levels of mercury at the top of the food chain where pythons have unfortunately positioned themselves.

  4. David Blewett:

    I am very lucky to have been part of the MESSENGER science team since before the first Mercury flyby, i was among the first humans to see the stark beauty of what was once 'Mercury incognito.' I have been working with a super team of scientists and engineers, and made good friends. It will be sad when the radio tracking tells us that the spacecraft made its final orbit, knowing that a tiny new impact crater has appeared on the surface.

  5. Kevin Powell:

    This certainly began with Magic Johnson, an American sports hero and icon, announcing he was HIV-positive, this was dramatic, historic, a game-changer because other men, like Rock Hudson, Freddie Mercury, and Arthur Ashe, kept their HIV status mostly to themselves because of oppressive definitions of manhood, because of homophobia in the cases of Hudson and Mercury.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for mercury

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for mercury »


Find a translation for the mercury definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:


Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:


"mercury." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 10 Dec. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/mercury>.

Discuss these mercury definitions with the community:


    Are we missing a good definition for mercury? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Browse Definitions.net


    Are you a words master?

    actively or fully engaged or occupied
    • A. busy
    • B. dependable
    • C. abrupt
    • D. alternate

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for mercury: