What does melancholy mean?

Definitions for melancholy
ˈmɛl ənˌkɒl imelan·cho·ly

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word melancholy.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. melancholynoun

    a feeling of thoughtful sadness

  2. melancholynoun

    a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

  3. black bile, melancholyadjective

    a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness and melancholy

  4. melancholy, melancholicadjective

    characterized by or causing or expressing sadness

    "growing more melancholy every hour"; "her melancholic smile"; "we acquainted him with the melancholy truth"

  5. somber, sombre, melancholyadjective

    grave or even gloomy in character

    "solemn and mournful music"; "a suit of somber black"; "a somber mood"

Wiktionary

  1. melancholynoun

    Black bile, formerly thought to be one of the four "cardinal humours" of animal bodies.

    Etymology: From μελαγχολία, from μέλας, μελαν- + χολή. Compare the Latin atra bilis.

  2. melancholynoun

    Great sadness or depression, especially of a thoughtful or introspective nature.

    Etymology: From μελαγχολία, from μέλας, μελαν- + χολή. Compare the Latin atra bilis.

  3. melancholyadjective

    Affected with great sadness or depression.

    Etymology: From μελαγχολία, from μέλας, μελαν- + χολή. Compare the Latin atra bilis.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Melancholynoun

    depression of spirits; a gloomy state continuing a considerable time; deep dejection; gloominess

    Etymology: [OE. melancolie, F. mlancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las, me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall.]

  2. Melancholynoun

    great and continued depression of spirits, amounting to mental unsoundness; melancholia

    Etymology: [OE. melancolie, F. mlancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las, me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall.]

  3. Melancholynoun

    pensive maditation; serious thoughtfulness

    Etymology: [OE. melancolie, F. mlancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las, me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall.]

  4. Melancholynoun

    ill nature

    Etymology: [OE. melancolie, F. mlancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las, me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall.]

  5. Melancholyadjective

    depressed in spirits; dejected; gloomy dismal

    Etymology: [OE. melancolie, F. mlancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las, me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall.]

  6. Melancholyadjective

    producing great evil and grief; causing dejection; calamitous; afflictive; as, a melancholy event

    Etymology: [OE. melancolie, F. mlancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las, me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall.]

  7. Melancholyadjective

    somewhat deranged in mind; having the jugment impaired

    Etymology: [OE. melancolie, F. mlancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las, me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall.]

  8. Melancholyadjective

    favorable to meditation; somber

    Etymology: [OE. melancolie, F. mlancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las, me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall.]

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Melancholy

    mel′an-kol-i, n. continued depression of spirits: dejection: a gloomy state of mind causing groundless fears: (Milt.) pensiveness.—adj. gloomy: producing grief.—n. Melanchō′lia, a form of insanity, in which there is continued depression or pain of mind.—adjs. Melanchol′ic, Melanchō′lious, affected with, or caused by, melancholy: dejected: mournful. [Through Fr.,—L.,—Gr. melancholiamelan, black, cholē, bile.]

Editors Contribution

  1. melancholy

    You describe something that you see or hear as melancholy when it gives you an intense feeling of sadness. If someone feels or looks melancholy, they feel or look very sad.sadness that lasts for a long period of time, often without any obvious reason.feeling or expressing sadness;a feeling of sadness and of being without hope;Sadness and unhappiness,depression,grief;A feeling or spell of dismally low spirits:blues, dejection, despondence, despondency, doldrums, dolefulness, downheartedness, dumps, dysphoria, funk, gloom, glumness, heavy-heartedness, mope (used in plural), mournfulness,unhappiness.In low spirits:blue,depressed, desolate, dispirited, down, downcast, downhearted, dull, dysphoric, gloomy, heavy-hearted, low, melancholic,spiritless, tristful, unhappy, wistful.suggestive or expressive of sadness or depression of mind or spirit; causing or tending to cause sadness or depression of mind or spirit : DISMAL; depressed in spirits : DEJECTED, SAD;blue devils,desolation, despond,disconsolateness, dispiritedness,dreariness, down in the dumps (informal), forlornness,gloominess, heartsickness, joylessness, miserableness, mopes,oppression,sorrowfulness;Idiom: down at the mouth.Tending to cause sadness or low spirits:blue, cheerless, depressing,dispiriting,joyless,down,miserable, moody,sombre, woeful, glum, mournful,despondent,lugubrious, pensive, sorrowful, disconsolate,doleful, heavy-hearted, woebegone, down in the mouth, low-spirited depression, misery,sorrow, woe, the hump (Brit. informal),low spirits,pensiveness,a gloomy state of mind, especially when habitual or prolonged;sober thoughtfulness;affected with, characterized by, or showing melancholy;depressed,causing melancholy or sadness; saddening;soberly thoughtful;Great sadness or depression, especially of a thoughtful or introspective nature.

    Somber and laconic can be eliminated right away—there are too many exclamation points for the work to be melancholy and laid back in the way those words suggest.

    Submitted by anonymous on June 14, 2020  

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of melancholy in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of melancholy in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

Examples of melancholy in a Sentence

  1. James Henry Leigh Hunt:

    Affection, like melancholy, magnifies trifles; but the magnifying of the one is like looking through a telescope at heavenly objects; that of the other, like enlarging monsters with a microscope.

  2. George Santayana:

    Nothing is really so poor and melancholy as art that is interested in itself and not in its subject.

  3. Czon:

    I'm like that, I love the melancholy, with all fragility, the beauty in the ugly.Can only create in chaos and darkness.

  4. Aristotle:

    Melancholy men are of all others the most witty.

  5. Charles Krauthammer:

    As [ Duke of ] Wellington said, ‘ nothing save a battle loss is quite so melancholy as a battle won. ’ We won the battle and now we have to watch the movie.

Images & Illustrations of melancholy

  1. melancholymelancholymelancholymelancholymelancholy

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Translations for melancholy

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    formal separation from an alliance or federation
    • A. abandon
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