What does medieval mean?

Definitions for medieval
ˌmi diˈi vəl, ˌmɛd i-, ˌmɪd i-, mɪdˈi vəlme·dieval

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word medieval.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. medieval, mediaevaladjective

    relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages

    "Medieval scholars"; "Medieval times"

  2. medieval, mediaeval, gothicadjective

    as if belonging to the Middle Ages; old-fashioned and unenlightened

    "a medieval attitude toward dating"

  3. chivalric, knightly, medievaladjective

    characteristic of the time of chivalry and knighthood in the Middle Ages

    "chivalric rites"; "the knightly years"

Wiktionary

  1. medievalnoun

    Someone living in the Middle Ages.

  2. medievalnoun

    A medieval one.

  3. medievaladjective

    of or relating to the Middle Ages, perhaps circa 500 to circa 1500 .

  4. medievaladjective

    having characteristics associated with the Middle Ages.

  5. medievaladjective

    archaic.

  6. medievaladjective

    brutal.

  7. Etymology: medium aevum

Wikipedia

  1. medieval

    In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period (also spelled mediæval or mediaeval) lasted approximately from the late 5th to the late 15th centuries, similar to the post-classical period of global history. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. Population decline, counterurbanisation, the collapse of centralized authority, invasions, and mass migrations of tribes, which had begun in late antiquity, continued into the Early Middle Ages. The large-scale movements of the Migration Period, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire. In the 7th century, North Africa and the Middle East – most recently part of the Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire – came under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, an Islamic empire, after conquest by Muhammad's successors. Although there were substantial changes in society and political structures, the break with classical antiquity was not complete. The still-sizeable Byzantine Empire, Rome's direct continuation, survived in the Eastern Mediterranean and remained a major power. Secular law was advanced greatly by the Code of Justinian. In the West, most kingdoms incorporated extant Roman institutions, while new bishoprics and monasteries were founded as Christianity expanded in Europe. The Franks, under the Carolingian dynasty, briefly established the Carolingian Empire during the later 8th and early 9th centuries. It covered much of Western Europe but later succumbed to the pressures of internal civil wars combined with external invasions: Vikings from the north, Magyars from the east, and Saracens from the south. During the High Middle Ages, which began after 1000, the population of Europe increased greatly as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and the Medieval Warm Period climate change allowed crop yields to increase. Manorialism, the organisation of peasants into villages that owed rent and labour services to the nobles, and feudalism, the political structure whereby knights and lower-status nobles owed military service to their overlords in return for the right to rent from lands and manors, were two of the ways society was organised in the High Middle Ages. This period also saw the formal division of the Catholic and Orthodox churches, with the East–West Schism of 1054. The Crusades, which began in 1095, were military attempts by Western European Christians to regain control of the Holy Land from Muslims, and also contributed to the expansion of Latin Christendom in the Baltic region and the Iberian Peninsula. Kings became the heads of centralised nation states, reducing crime and violence but making the ideal of a unified Christendom more distant. In the West, intellectual life was marked by scholasticism, a philosophy that emphasised joining faith to reason, and by the founding of universities. The theology of Thomas Aquinas, the paintings of Giotto, the poetry of Dante and Chaucer, the travels of Marco Polo, and the Gothic architecture of cathedrals such as Chartres mark the end of this period. The Late Middle Ages was marked by difficulties and calamities including famine, plague, and war, which significantly diminished the population of Europe; between 1347 and 1350, the Black Death killed about a third of Europeans. Controversy, heresy, and the Western Schism within the Catholic Church paralleled the interstate conflict, civil strife, and peasant revolts that occurred in the kingdoms. Cultural and technological developments transformed European society, concluding the Late Middle Ages and beginning the early modern period.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Medieval

    alt. of Medievalist

Freebase

  1. Medieval

    Medieval is heavy metal group Tierra Santa´s 1997 debut album, and is mainly inspired by mediaeval stories.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Medieval

    Mediæval, mē-di-ē′val, adj. relating to the Middle Ages.—ns. Mediē′valism, the spirit of the Middle Ages, devotion to medieval ideals; Mediē′valist, Mediæ′valist, one versed in the history of the Middle Ages.—Medieval architecture, Medieval art, the style of architecture and art used in public buildings in Europe from the 4th to the 16th century. [L. medius, middle, ævum, age.]

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'medieval' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #3785

  2. Adjectives Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'medieval' in Adjectives Frequency: #506

How to pronounce medieval?

How to say medieval in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of medieval in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of medieval in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

Examples of medieval in a Sentence

  1. Freya Harrison:

    The Middle Ages are often seen as the 'Dark Ages' -- we use the term 'medieval' these days ... as pejorative -- and I just wanted to do something that explains to me how people in the Middle Ages looked at science.

  2. Dr Jones:

    The Canterbury Roll is the most significant and substantial medieval artefact in New Zealand. For 100 years, UC has been the guardian of this unique 600-year-old treasure, which tells the history of England from its mythical origins to the late Middle Ages, no-one has anything like this in New Zealand or Australia. And it’s utterly bonkers that no-one really knows we have it, because it’s magnificent!

  3. Nicholas Saunders:

    Identities were complex in the medieval period, and the story of Borkovský and the Prague Castle warrior grave reminds us that the identities of such past people frequently fuel modern political conflicts.

  4. Alfred Hawkins:

    This, combined with the documentary evidence and sherds( yes' sherds' not' shards') of medieval glazed tile, resulted in the possibility that we had found the floor of Edward I's lost chapel which burnt down in 1513.

  5. Marion Dowd:

    He’s 5-foot-10, for early medieval society that’s pretty tall.

Popularity rank by frequency of use

medieval#1#7248#10000

Translations for medieval

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