What does manichaeism mean?

Definitions for manichaeism
manichaeism

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word manichaeism.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Manichaeism, Manichaeanismnoun

    a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000

Wiktionary

  1. Manichaeismnoun

    A syncretic, dualistic religion that combined elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought, founded by the Iranian prophet Mani in 3rd century AD.

  2. Manichaeismnoun

    A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles, or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.

  3. Etymology: From Manichaeus, from ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ, from the name of its founder, Mani, from and (Modern مانی).

Wikipedia

  1. Manichaeism

    Manichaeism (; in New Persian آیینِ مانی Āyīn-e Mānī; Chinese: 摩尼教; pinyin: Móníjiào) is a former major religion founded in the 3rd century AD by the Parthian prophet Mani (AD 216–274), in the Sasanian Empire.Manichaeism teaches an elaborate dualistic cosmology describing the struggle between a good, spiritual world of light, and an evil, material world of darkness. Through an ongoing process that takes place in human history, light is gradually removed from the world of matter and returned to the world of light, whence it came. Its beliefs are based on local Mesopotamian religious movements and Gnosticism. It reveres Mani as the final prophet after Zoroaster, Gautama Buddha, and Jesus. Manichaeism was quickly successful and spread far through the Aramaic-speaking regions. It thrived between the third and seventh centuries, and at its height was one of the most widespread religions in the world. Manichaean churches and scriptures existed as far east as China and as far west as the Roman Empire. It was briefly the main rival to Christianity in the competition to replace classical polytheism before the spread of Islam. Beginning with the emperor Diocletian, a follower of Roman Religion, Manichaeism was persecuted by the Roman state and was eventually stamped out in the Roman Empire.Manichaeism has survived longer in the east than it did in the west. Although it was thought to have finally faded away after the 14th century in south China, contemporary to the decline of the Church of the East in Ming China, there is a growing corpus of evidence that shows Manichaeism persists in some areas of China, especially in Fujian province, where numerous Manichaean relics have been discovered over time. The currently known sects are notably secretive and protective of their belief system, which has aided in them going relatively undetected. This stems from fears relating to persecution and suppression during various periods of Chinese history.While most of Manichaeism's original writings have been lost, numerous translations and fragmentary texts have survived.An adherent of Manichaeism is called a Manichaean or Manichean, or Manichee, especially in older sources.

ChatGPT

  1. manichaeism

    Manichaeism is a dualistic religious system originated by the Persian prophet Mani in the third century AD, combining elements of Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, and other religions. It centers on a cosmology divided equally between good and evil, with the physical world being evil and the spiritual world being good. The aim for followers is to free their souls from the material world through knowledge and ascetic practices. Although once widespread, it is now virtually extinct.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Manichaeismnoun

    alt. of Manicheism

Wikidata

  1. Manichaeism

    Manichaeism was a major gnostic religion, originating in Sassanid-era Babylonia. Although most of the original writings of the founding prophet Mani have been lost, numerous translations and fragmentary texts have survived. Manichaeism taught an elaborate cosmology describing the struggle between a good, spiritual world of light, and an evil, material world of darkness. Through an ongoing process which takes place in human history, light is gradually removed from the world of matter and returned to the world of light from which it came. Its beliefs were based on local Mesopotamian gnostic and religious movements. Manichaeism was quickly successful and spread far through the Aramaic-Syriac speaking regions. It thrived between the third and seventh centuries, and at its height was one of the most widespread religions in the world. Manichaean churches and scriptures existed as far east as China and as far west as the Roman Empire. It was briefly the main rival to Christianity in the competition to replace classical paganism. Manichaeism survived longer in the East than in the West, and it appears to have finally faded away after the 14th century in southern China, contemporary to the decline in China of the Church of the East – see Ming Dynasty.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of manichaeism in Chaldean Numerology is: 6

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of manichaeism in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5

Popularity rank by frequency of use

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"manichaeism." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 20 Jun 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/manichaeism>.

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