What does loanword mean?

Definitions for loanword
ˈloʊnˌwɜrdloan·word

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word loanword.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. loanword, loannoun

    a word borrowed from another language; e.g. `blitz' is a German word borrowed into modern English

Wiktionary

  1. loanwordnoun

    A word directly taken into one language from another one with little or no translation.

    The word exit is a loanword from Latin.

  2. Etymology: ; a calque of the Lehnwort,

Wikipedia

  1. Loanword

    A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word at least partly assimilated from one language (the donor language) into another language. This is in contrast to cognates, which are words in two or more languages that are similar because they share an etymological origin, and calques, which involve translation. Loanwords from languages with different scripts are usually transliterated (between scripts), but they are not translated. Additionally, loanwords may be adapted to phonology, phonotactics, orthography, and morphology of the target language. When a loanword is fully adapted to the rules of the target language, it is distinguished from native words of the target language only by its origin. However, often the adaptation is incomplete, so loanwords may conserve specific features distinguishing them from native words of the target language: loaned phonemes and sound combinations, partial or total conserving of the original spelling, foreign plural or case forms or indeclinability.

ChatGPT

  1. loanword

    A loanword is a word that is adopted from a foreign language and incorporated into another language without translation. It often retains its original spelling or pronunciation characteristics and can be adapted to the borrowing language over time.

Wikidata

  1. Loanword

    A loanword is a word borrowed from a donor language and incorporated into a recipient language. By contrast, a calque or loan translation is a related concept where the meaning or idiom is borrowed rather than the lexical item itself. The word loanword is itself a calque of the German Lehnwort, while calque is a loanword from French. The terms borrow and loanword, although traditional, conflict with the ordinary meaning of those words because nothing is returned to the donor languages. However, note that this metaphor is not isolated to the concept of loanwords, but also found in the idiom "to borrow an idea." An additional issue with the term loanword is that it implies that the loaning is limited to one single word as opposed to phrases such as déjà vu, an English loanword from French. While this phrase may be used as one lexical item by English speakers, that is to say, an English speaker would not say only déjà to convey the meaning associated with the full term déjà vu, in the donor language, speakers would be aware of the phrase consisting of two words. For simplicity, adopt/adoption or adapt/adaption are used by many linguists, either in parallel to, or in preference to, these words. Some researchers also use the term lexical borrowing.

Matched Categories

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How to say loanword in sign language?

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of loanword in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of loanword in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3


Translations for loanword

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"loanword." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 21 Apr. 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/loanword>.

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