What does kulak mean?

Definitions for kulak
kʊˈlɑk, -ˈlæk; ˈku lɑk, -lækku·lak

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word kulak.


  1. kulak(Noun)

    A prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers.

  2. Origin: 1877. From кулак, from Turkic. Compare also Russian раскулачивание, подкулачник.


  1. Kulak

    Kulaks were a category of relatively affluent farmers in the later Russian Empire, Soviet Russia, and early Soviet Union. The word kulak originally referred to independent farmers in the Russian Empire who emerged from the peasantry and became wealthy following the Stolypin reform, which began in 1906. The label of kulak was broadened in 1918 to include any peasant who resisted handing over their grain to detachments from Moscow. During 1929-1933, the Stalin leadership's total campaign to collectivize the peasantry meant that "peasants with a couple of cows or five or six acres more than their neighbors" were being labeled 'kulaks'. According to the political theory of Marxism-Leninism of the early 20th century, the kulaks were class enemies of the poorer peasants. Vladimir Lenin described them as "bloodsuckers, vampires, plunderers of the people and profiteers, who batten on famine.” Marxism-Leninism had intended a revolution to liberate poor peasants and farm laborers alongside the proletariat. In addition, the planned economy of Soviet Bolshevism required the collectivization of farms and land to allow industrialization or conversion to large-scale agricultural production. In practice, these Marxist-Leninist theories led to the ruination of the agricultural economy as government officials violently seized kulak farms and murdered resistors; others were deported to labor camps. Beginning in 1932-33, great famines ensued, with several million dying in the Ukraine famine alone. Documents uncovered in recent decades from this time period show that "the Stalin leadership" was aware of what was occurring in the countryside, and were actually using the "famine as a means of terror, and of revenge, against the peasantry."


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of kulak in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of kulak in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2

Images & Illustrations of kulak

  1. kulakkulakkulak

Popularity rank by frequency of use



Find a translation for the kulak definition in other languages:

Select another language:

Discuss these kulak definitions with the community:

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:     


Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:


"kulak." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2018. Web. 17 Nov. 2018. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/kulak>.

Are we missing a good definition for kulak? Don't keep it to yourself...

Free, no signup required:

Add to Chrome

Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

Free, no signup required:

Add to Firefox

Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

Nearby & related entries:

Alternative searches for kulak:

Thanks for your vote! We truly appreciate your support.