Definitions for kidney
Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word kidney.
either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
"urine passes out of the kidney through ureters to the bladder"
Habit; disposition; sort; kind; as, a man of a different kidney. Shak.
An organ in the body that filters the blood, producing urine.
This organ (of an animal) cooked as food
constitution, temperament, nature
Etymology: From kednei, kidenei, from earlier kidnere, kidenere. Of uncertain origin. Probably a compound consisting of *, from cwiþ, cwiþa + nere, from *, from neuran, from negʷh-r-. If so, then related to nier, Niere, nyre, njure.
Samuel Johnson's Dictionary
1.These are two in number, one on each side: they have the same figure as kidneybeans: their length is four or five fingers, their breadth three, and their thickness two: the right is under the liver, and the left under the spleen. The use of the kidneys is to separate the urine from the blood, which, by the motion of the heart and arteries, is thrust into the emulgent branches, which carry it to the little glands, by which the serosity being separated, is received by the orifice of the little tubes, which go from the glands to the pelvis, and from thence it runs by the ureters into the bladder. John Quincy
Etymology: Etymology unknown.
A youth laboured under a complication of diseases, from his mesentery and kidneys. Richard Wiseman, Surgery.
Think of that, a man of my kidney; think of that, that am as subject to heat as butter; a man of continual dissolution and thaw. William Shakespeare, Merry Wives of Windsor.
There are millions in the world of this man’s kidney, that take up the same resolution without noise. Roger L'Estrange.
a glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body; a urinary gland
habit; disposition; sort; kind
Etymology: [OE. kidnei, kidnere, from Icel. koir belly, womb (akin to Goth. gipus, AS. cwi womb) + OE. nere kidney; akin to D. nier, G. niere, OHG. nioro, Icel. nra, Dan. nyre, Sw. njure, and probably to Gr. nefro`s Cf. Kite belly.]
The kidneys are organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in most animals, including vertebrates and some invertebrates. They are essential in the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid–base balance, and regulation of blood pressure. They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove wastes which are diverted to the urinary bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium, and they are also responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol, erythropoietin, and the enzyme renin. Located at the rear of the abdominal cavity in the retroperitoneum, the kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. Each kidney excretes urine into a ureter, itself a paired structure that empties into the urinary bladder. Renal physiology is the study of kidney function, while nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with kidney diseases. Diseases of the kidney are diverse, but individuals with kidney disease frequently display characteristic clinical features. Common clinical conditions involving the kidney include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, renal cysts, acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract obstruction. Various cancers of the kidney exist; the most common adult renal cancer is renal cell carcinoma. Cancers, cysts, and some other renal conditions can be managed with removal of the kidney, or nephrectomy. When renal function, measured by glomerular filtration rate, is persistently poor, dialysis and kidney transplantation may be treatment options. Although they are not severely harmful, kidney stones can be painful and a nuisance. The removal of kidney stones involves ultrasound treatment to break up the stones into smaller pieces, which are then passed through the urinary tract. One common symptom of kidney stones is a sharp pain in the medial/lateral segments of the lower back.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
kid′ni, n. one of two flattened glands, on each side of the loins, which secrete the urine: temperament, humour, disposition—hence, sort or kind, as in 'of the same kidney,' &c.—ns. Kid′ney-bean, a kind of bean shaped like a kidney; Kid′ney-potā′to, one of various kidney-shaped varieties of the common potato; Kid′ney-vetch, a genus of leguminous plants, the only British species being called Lady's Fingers; Kid′ney-wort, a plant of the genus Saxifrage. [M. E. kidnere—Ice. kviðr, the womb, the belly, Ice. nýra (Ger. niere, a kidney).]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Dictionary of Nautical Terms
Men of the same kidney, i.e. of a similar disposition.
An organ in the human body.
We have two kidneys but some people function healthily with one.
Submitted by MaryC on December 22, 2019
The numerical value of kidney in Chaldean Numerology is: 9
The numerical value of kidney in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5
They got me to hospital where they took bloods, and very quickly I was in a hospital bed with catheters and things coming out of my arms. I was diagnosed with stage-four kidney disease.
About a million people worldwide are in need of a kidney. So they have end-stage renal failure, and they have to go on dialysis, once you go on dialysis, you have essentially five years to live, and every year, your mortality rate increases by 15 %. Dialysis is very hard on your body. So this is really motivating to take on this grand challenge of printing organs.
People who have FSGS, up until this point they’d say, ‘The recipient has FSGS — now we have to discard the kidney,’.
This trial was designed to include individuals who had diabetic renal disease, and as such, is the first example of a lowering of risk for kidney failures [as] well as improved cardiovascular outcomes, i believe the paper is extremely significant and will have a widely read audience with major implications.
Thankfully, they were able to bring her back, but then she ended up on both the heart and kidney transplant list where she waited almost a year in the hospital but it didn't come in time.
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Translations for kidney
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- багӏаржо, ургьисалаAvaric
- বৃক্ক, অন্ত্র, কিডনিBengali
- མཁལ་རིལTibetan Standard
- ronyóCatalan, Valencian
- ledvinky, ledvinaCzech
- νεφρός, νεφρί, νεφρόGreek
- گرده, قلوه, کلیهPersian
- rein, rognonFrench
- dubhagScottish Gaelic
- ril, rinleGalician
- rene, rognoneItalian
- თირკმელი, ჭაჭაGeorgian
- 콩팥, 신장, 腎臟Korean
- NierLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- īkstis, niereLatvian
- ginjal, kerinjal, buah pinggangMalay
- nyreNorwegian Nynorsk
- achą́ʼáshkʼazhíNavajo, Navaho
- renhon, ronhon, ren, arnelhOccitan
- ବୃକ୍କକ, ମୂତ୍ରାଶୟOriya
- уыргOssetian, Ossetic
- ਗੁਰਦਾPanjabi, Punjabi
- cynaderka, nerkaPolish
- niruncel, nirunchel, ranuogl, gnirunchel, narunchelRomansh
- почка, почкиRussian
- rene, arreneSardinian
- бубрег, bubregSerbo-Croatian
- වකුගඩුවSinhala, Sinhalese
- ľadvina, obličkaSlovak
- thận, 腎Vietnamese
- roño biWolof
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"kidney." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 31 Jan. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/kidney>.